New England ColoniesInclude the states: Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Connecticut, and Rhode IslandMost people who came here were farmers and tradesmen. Many of them come to make money, but most of them come in search of religion freedom.
Continues...Long winter and thin rocky soil made farming difficult.These people made their living fishing, whaling, and shipbuilding because of their large, easily navigated ports. Over and above normal fishing, whaling was also a major occupation of the region.
Continues... People grow their own food and make their own clothes so there is no needs for slave even though this is where the slave trade first begin. Even after slave trade had been banned in the North, it is still legal in the South because of the demand of tobacco. One of the most prevalent attitudes towards slavery throughout New England as well as the rest of the colonies was that slaves were taken in order to Christianize them.
The Great Awakening Northern colonies inspired some converts to become missionaries to the American South. Tended to be an urban phenomenon Dominated by the Puritans, reformers seeking to “purify” Christianity, who came over from England to practice religion without persecution. Dominated by Church, severe consequences for those who failed to attend, or, those who spoke out against the Puritan ways.
Continues... George Whitefield- most memorable and effective leaders of the Great Awakening. He is a Methodist minister, toured widely throughout the colonies, preaching a message of spiritual equality
Continues... Ben. Franklin helped found the first College of Philadelphia, and starts the first free library in the US. Desire to form a democratic government with balanced powers The creation of the Declaration of Independence; promise personal freedom to all citizens.
Middle ColoniesDelaware, Pennsylvania, New York, and New Jerseyknown as the “breadbasket” because of the large amounts of barley, wheat, oats, and rye that were grown here.People came here because they were looking to practice their own religion or to make money.fertile soil land a slightly milder climate than that found in New England.
Continues...On the coastal plain, settlers lived on large farms, planting corn and wheat in the fields.Settlers living on smaller farms grew crops for their use, cut wood, and traded furs.The Middle Colonies were less industrial than the New England Colonies, yet more industrial than the Southern Colonies.
Continues... Unlike the New England colonies, which were settled by Puritans seeking religious freedom, settlers who arrived in the Middle Colonies were here for economic reasons. No single religion or code of beliefs seemed to dominate the entire region Quakers, Catholics, Jews, Lutherans and Presbyterians were among those religious groups
SlaverySlavery was not ignored by the Quakers, but embraced. Many Quakers owned slaves and participated in the overseas slave trade.4 German immigrant Quakers protest the institution of slavery in the American Coloniesslaves and masters would gather in order to hear complains and to report on the happenings connected with the slave trade in Pennsylvania.
Continues...Quakers in Pennsylvania, became a champion for the rights and freedom of slaves in America.
Enlightenment thinking…Establishing the principle of freedom of the press
Southern ColoniesMaryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and GeorgiaWarm weather and rich soil, so they little needs in developing industry.Main motive was to make moneyMainly agriculturalGrew cash crops
Continues...Relied heavy on the slave trade.Put African American to work on the plantation. Which they (the African American) played an important role in developing the Southern Colonies.Had slave codes, strict rules governing the behavior and punishment of enslaved Africans.
The Great Awakening Most well known leader of the Great Awakening in the South: Samuel Davies- preaching to all whites and slaves, baptizing slaves and teaching them to read. Shubal Stearns More of a frontier phenomenon Special interest in the spiritual and physical
Enlightenment thinkingEqual rights for everyone; for whites and blacks Rights of educations Freedom