Principle’s of material handling


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Principle’s of material handling

  1. 1. * @ Kamlesh Jain 1 10/22/2013
  2. 2. * All material handling should be the result of a deliberate plan where the needs, performance objectives and functional specification of the proposed methods are completely defined at the outset. Definition: A plan is a prescribed course of action that is defined in advance of implementation. In its simplest form a material handing plan defines the material (what) and the moves (when and where); together they define the method (how and who). @ Kamlesh Jain 2 10/22/2013
  3. 3. * Material movement and storage activities should be fully integrated to form a coordinated, operational system which spans receiving, inspection, storage, production, assembly, packaging, unitizing, order selection, shipping, transportation and the handling of returns. Definition: A system is a collection of interacting and/or interdependent entities that form a unified whole. @ Kamlesh Jain 3 10/22/2013
  4. 4. * Reduce, combine or eliminate unnecessary movements of equipment. Deliver the material at correct place, Eliminate rehandling, Reduce variety of equipment's @ Kamlesh Jain 4 10/22/2013
  5. 5. * Material flow should be based on lay out or operation sequence. Avoid over crowding, Eliminate obstacles on the way. Move greatest weight for least distance. Plan related area of work together. @ Kamlesh Jain 5 10/22/2013
  6. 6. * Utilize gravity where possible. Use slides, chutes, hoppers wherever possible. @ Kamlesh Jain 6 10/22/2013
  7. 7. * Unit loads shall be appropriately sized and configured in a way which achieves the material flow and inventory objectives at each stage in the supply chain. Definition: A unit load is one that can be stored or moved as a single entity at one time, such as a pallet, container or tote, regardless of the number of individual items that make up the load. @ Kamlesh Jain 7 10/22/2013
  8. 8. * Effective and efficient use must be made of all available space. Definition: Space in material handling is three dimensional and therefore is counted as cubic space. @ Kamlesh Jain 8 10/22/2013
  9. 9. * Safe handling methods and equipment for better working condition, provide guards, Handling equipment must be in good working conditions. High light danger areas, Disposal of fumes, smoke, dust, Keep floor clean, Keep aisles clear @ Kamlesh Jain 9 10/22/2013
  10. 10. * Use of mechanized handling equipment where quantities are large, long and frequent, Replace manual handling where large no. of man power is required with mechanized handling. e.g. earth moving equipment, concrete mixture Definition: Automation is a technology concerned with the application of electro-mechanical devices, electronics and computer-based systems to operate and control production and service activities. It suggests the linking of multiple mechanical operations to create a system that can be controlled by programmed instructions. @ Kamlesh Jain 10 10/22/2013
  11. 11. * Select equipment which is capable of handling variety of tasks. Buy adjustable racks. Buy versatile equipment. Use accessories or attachments. e.g. Vacuum cleaner @ Kamlesh Jain 11 10/22/2013
  12. 12. * Select the equipment after considering all aspects of material movements and the method. Cost per unit handling must be considered. It is a long term investment. @ Kamlesh Jain 12 10/22/2013
  13. 13. * Material handling methods, equipment, controls and software should be standardized within the limits of achieving overall performance objectives and without sacrificing needed flexibility , modularity and throughput. Definition: Standardization means less variety and customization in the methods and equipment employed. @ Kamlesh Jain 13 10/22/2013
  14. 14. * Reduce weight of the equipment. It should have less dead weight to pay load ratio. Use light weight pallets, containers, skids. @ Kamlesh Jain 14 10/22/2013
  15. 15. * It should have less idle time. Reduce loading and unloading time. Use tractor trailer for loading and unloading and tractor can be used for some other purpose. Minimum down time @ Kamlesh Jain 15 10/22/2013
  16. 16. * Reduce unproductive time or idle time. Deliver material at desired rate. Use unskilled labour. Equipment must be fully utilized. @ Kamlesh Jain 16 10/22/2013
  17. 17. * Obsolete equipment must be replaced by new one or the latest one. @ Kamlesh Jain 17 10/22/2013
  18. 18. * Use preventive maintenance for the equipment. Daily maintenance. Train the operators. @ Kamlesh Jain 18 10/22/2013
  19. 19. * Control production and inventory by material handling equipment. Material should be moved with lots, batches or containers. Movement of the material as per schedule. @ Kamlesh Jain 19 10/22/2013
  20. 20. * Production capacity must be fully achieved. Ensure desired rate flow of the material. Plan to utilize forward and return trips. Utilize over head space. Wider aisles for speedy movements @ Kamlesh Jain 20 10/22/2013
  21. 21. * Performance of the equipment must be measured in terms of cost per unit of handling, safe working conditions etc. @ Kamlesh Jain 21 10/22/2013
  22. 22. * @ Kamlesh Jain 22 10/22/2013