This is where most people say - what is placemaking? (I’ve explained my job to a lot of taxi drivers in my time)
When it comes to planning new places or revitalising existing places this is often looked as purely an urban design process presided over by designers, landscape architects, engineers almost like a kind of spatial puzzle. It’s become the domain of the specialist, of the professional. Kunstler accuses centralized systems of eliminating practically all the “middlemen,” people who were “members of local communities; they were economic participants in their communities; they made decisions that had to take the needs of their communities into account; they were caretakers of civic institutions, and they were employers.” Kunstler explains that we will have to res tore the place of these middlemen and move from a culture of quantity to a culture of quality, by re-localizing and downscaling what we do.
James H Kunstler “places that are not worth caring about” The Geography of Nowhere “ It is hard to imagine a culture less concerned than ours with the things that make life worth living.” “ The 20th Century was about getting around. The 21st Century will be about staying in a place worth staying in.”
The last half of the last century was all about the car, the mall, the business park, the new town. But now we are wanting to connect to something that feels more authentic. To rediscover the local, neighbourhood, connection, community.
Placemaking principles are generally a lot like common sense, because they’re based on the things we like and need and human beings, to demonstrate this, let’s start off with a little exercise. (Work with the person sitting next to you). You walk into this cafe. Where would you choose to sit? QA, the door in the back goes to the loos (the entrance to the café is behind the photographer), assume that there is no-one else in the café yet, but you expect more people to come soon. The tv is not on. The frame in the corner is just a picture – not a tv.
Did anyone choose this seat? No – why not? (discuss with the group) (because your back is to the door, you feel vulnerable)
Did anyone choose this seat? Why? Eg feels safer, back to the wall, no-one can sneak up on you but you can see the comings and goings. How you feel in a space relates to your most basic and most human instincts, e.g. to be social but also to be safe.
and some examples of where they do/don’t work well
People is the operative word (Vic Market – that’s my daughter Edie, kicked her shoes off and dancing to the music on the street – safe and joyous)
At its most simple local knowledge can tell you things like “this is the way everyone cuts through to the shops so you need a path and good lighting there”. To critical insights into what is important, what are the qualities that can provide a POD for a community in the region, what a community can build it’s economic life upon It can also be a source of amazing ideas (this photo is from Murray Bridge – the people are all community members - they just happen to all be wearing kharki)
At VW we talk about co-design - processes that allow people from multiple perspectives to input into the design process (Murray Bridge again – these young kids wrote a rap song about this process and feeling inspired and involved in the future of their community – and performed it to the whole community at the closing party)
This is an analogy we like to use at VW. When it comes to making this breakfast happen, the chicken is involved - it’s provided some eggs. But it’s the pig who is really committed. Thing/pair/share - Work with the person sitting next to you - imagine a new development within an existing suburb. Who will be the chickens - involved in the planning for a defined period of time and who will be the pigs - whose lives will be affected long-term by the decisions that are made? You need chickens to develop good places but you need pigs even more. Why are the pigs often the ones left out of the conversation?
Gilbert turned up in this community and they asked him to go away, said that they were sick of masterplanning, and sick of structure planning because nothing ever happened. Gilbert said, we’ll I’ve already been paid to be hear – how about I just listen? What emerged from that night was the decision to do no more planning! And Village Well’s first quick wins strategy took place! We ask the community – what can you do now with the money and resources that you have? (Don’t wait for other people for funding) We invite the community to act, and support them. Paynesville: Bendigo Bank ended up offering $10k, Council matched it. Community blitz: Men’s sheds built planter boxes, cleaning, artwork donated from the olympics, painting. Immediate actions - ideas and solutions provided by community and acted on by them. Made their area function better, is immediately obviously cared for. Real outcome was pride in place, sense of ownership and relationships – these are the basis for bigger long-term wins – and keeps the momentum going
Dead edges, nothing to look at (cold concrete benches) – great design aesthetically depending on your taste – but a terrible place Active, well programmed and well used
Not human scale – dead edges Human scale
Crown Casino is a very controlled environment – shiny but not loveable We need to get more comfortable with grit. Grit allows a place to evolve, promotes ownership and involvement over time
These things do not make you feel safer, they tell you you have something to fear. Tells you the area is not self-policed so must be policed from outside (Housing estate in the Gold Coast)
Get the lighting right – modulated inviting lighting – not floodlights that cause glare and dark shadows Warm and varied lighting
Program and activation – get the community there (my kids beg us to take them to Bunnings so they can get a sausage and talk to the friendly people serving them) No people. People. With sausages!
Three people in a street feels safe Two feels unsafe (eyes on the street – Jane Jacobs) Safe enough for dancing
Bryant Park NY - public open space in a massive city but everyone here feels like it’s their lounge room
Sometimes we get our priorities wrong - we think about things not people Bilbao Guggenheim is a beautiful object from the air or from a distance
But it’s disconnected from the city grid, making it feel separate and isolated and a sense of unease Muggings are much more common here than in the city
Blank and blind Even when the street is empty, you get a sense of activity and being overlooked which feels safer
Isolated from the street (if you need a sign to tell what is going on – it’s already failed) Part of the life of the street
A bus station in Sydney A bus stop in New York
Jane Jacobs challenged dominant urban planning theories: that neighborhoods should be isolated from each other; that an empty street is safer than a crowded one; and that the car represents progress over the pedestrian. She felt that the way cities were being designed and built meant that the general public would be unable to develop the social framework needed for effective self-policing