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Fl2010 indigenous learners

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Fl2010 indigenous learners

  1. 1. Indigenous Learners and Flexible Learning Flexible Learning Graduate Certificate in Tertiary Learning and Teaching (Level 7) Kate Timms-Dean, Otago Polytechnic 2009
  2. 2. Who are Indigenous people? Discussion: Why Indigenous learners and e-learning? Hei Tauira Tikanga Māori Pacific e-learners Kate Timms-Dean, Otago Polytechnic 2009
  3. 3. Who are Indigenous people? <ul><li>“ Indigenous peoples are any ethnic group who inhabit a geographic region with which that have the earliest known historical connection… </li></ul><ul><li>“ [The term] ‘Indigenous peoples’ may often be used in preference to… other terms as a neutral replacement, where such terms may have taken negative or pejorative connotations…” </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia, 2010. </li></ul>Kate Timms-Dean, Otago Polytechnic 2009
  4. 4. Who are Indigenous people? <ul><li>Similar experiences amongst Indigenous and minority peoples around the world, including: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Colonisation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oppression </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Language decline </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural contraction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resource depletion </li></ul></ul>Farmer_Angel. (2007). Oppression . Accessed on May 22, 2009, from http://www.flickr.com/photos/10260033@N08/965392377/ . Kate Timms-Dean, Otago Polytechnic 2009
  5. 5. The international context <ul><li>Evidence supports the idea that these experiences contribute to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alienation from mainstream, “western” structures and institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural dislocation and language loss </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low socio-economic status </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor educational attainment </li></ul></ul>Kate Timms-Dean, Otago Polytechnic 2009
  6. 6. Discussion: Why Indigenous learners and e-learning?
  7. 7. 6 principles of Indigenous learning <ul><li>Intercultural competence – working across cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Respect – respecting diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiation – participation in planning and development </li></ul><ul><li>Meaningful outcomes – purposeful programmes </li></ul><ul><li>Relationships – building rapport </li></ul><ul><li>Indigenisation – connecting with the Indigenous community </li></ul>
  8. 8. 6 principles of Indigenous learning <ul><li>Intercultural competence – working across cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Respect – respecting diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiation – participation in planning and development </li></ul><ul><li>Meaningful outcomes – purposeful programmes </li></ul><ul><li>Relationships – building rapport </li></ul><ul><li>Indigenisation – connecting with the Indigenous community </li></ul>
  9. 9. Group Activity: <ul><li>How can you incorporate: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intercultural competence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Respect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relationships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>in a flexible learning context? </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Hei tauira <ul><li>Toko ā iwi, ā wānanga Institutional and iwi support </li></ul><ul><li>Tikanga Integration of Māori and iwi values and protocols </li></ul><ul><li>Pūkenga Involvement of suitably qualified leadership and staff </li></ul><ul><li>Ako Development of effective teaching and learning strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Huakina te tātou o te whare Removing barriers to study </li></ul>
  11. 11. Hei tauira <ul><li>Toko ā iwi, ā wānanga Institutional and iwi support </li></ul><ul><li>Tikanga Integration of Māori and iwi values and protocols </li></ul><ul><li>Pūkenga Involvement of suitably qualified leadership and staff </li></ul><ul><li>Ako Development of effective teaching and learning strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Huakina te tātou o te whare Removing barriers to study </li></ul>
  12. 12. Tikanga Integration of Māori and iwi values and protocols <ul><li>Ako – reciprocal learning and teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Manaakitanga - hospitality </li></ul><ul><li>Whanaungatanga – relationship building </li></ul><ul><li>Kotahitanga – building new knowledge together </li></ul><ul><li>Rangatiratanga – learner centredness </li></ul><ul><li>Pūkengatanga – building digital capability </li></ul>
  13. 13. Ako Reciprocal learning and teaching <ul><li>Kanohi ki te kanohi </li></ul><ul><li>Learner control </li></ul><ul><li>Dialogue </li></ul><ul><li>Direct learner involvement </li></ul>
  14. 14. Manaakitanga Hospitality <ul><li>Teacher visibility </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural safety </li></ul><ul><li>Āhuatanga Māori </li></ul>
  15. 15. Whanaungatanga Relationship building <ul><li>Creating synergy </li></ul><ul><li>The principle of whakapapa </li></ul><ul><li>Learning as a collective activity </li></ul>
  16. 16. Kotahitanga Building new knowledge together <ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Learning in partnership </li></ul>
  17. 17. Rangatiratanga Learner centredness <ul><li>Supporting learners to develop own ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Learning is influenced by prior knowledge and experience </li></ul><ul><li>Valuing of learner knowledge and perspectives </li></ul>
  18. 18. P ūkengatanga Building capability <ul><li>Learners as experts </li></ul><ul><li>Praxis focused </li></ul><ul><li>Tuakana Teina </li></ul>
  19. 19. Pasifika peoples and e-learning <ul><li>Information design and appeal </li></ul><ul><li>Order and organisation </li></ul><ul><li>Culturally appropriate and supportive learning environments </li></ul><ul><li>Recognition of Pacific communities </li></ul>
  20. 20. Information design and appeal <ul><li>Text formatting </li></ul><ul><li>Colour </li></ul><ul><li>Images </li></ul><ul><li>Graphics </li></ul>
  21. 21. Order and organisation <ul><li>Learning objectives clearly identified </li></ul><ul><li>Summary page for each topic </li></ul><ul><li>Links to internet clearly visible </li></ul>
  22. 22. Culturally appropriate and supportive learning environments <ul><li>Regular face-to-face sessions </li></ul><ul><li>Online support </li></ul>
  23. 23. Recognition of Pacific cultures <ul><li>Recognising Pacific diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Reflect all Pacific cultures in teaching </li></ul>
  24. 24. References <ul><li>Clayton, J.F., Rata-Skudder, N., & Baral, H.P. (2004). Pasifika communities online: and implications . Paper presented at the Third Pan-Commonwealth Forum on Open Learning. Accessed on April 21, 2010, from http://www.col.org/pcf3/Papers/PDFs/Clayton_John_Skudder.pdf . </li></ul><ul><li>Ferguson, S.L. (2008). Key elements for a Māori e-learning framework. In MAI review , 2008: (3). </li></ul><ul><li>Greenwood, J., & Lynne-Hairata, T.A. (2009). Hei tauira: summary document . Wellington, New Zealand: Ako Aotearoa. </li></ul><ul><li>Neal, T., & Collier, H. (2006). Weaving kaupapa Māori and e-learning. In Journal of Maori and Pacific development, 7 (2): 68-73. </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia. (2010). Indigenous peoples . Accessed on April 20, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indigenous_peoples . </li></ul>

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