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Index makes your book perfect


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tutorial at TUG 2013 on "back-of-the-book" indexes

Published in: Education, Technology, Business

Index makes your book perfect

  1. 1. Indexing Makes Your Book Perfect (and also, the common way of arranging words in Japanese) Keiichiro Shikano Book editor for Ohmsha, Ltd. TUG 2013 October 23
  2. 2. Indexes from around the world
  3. 3. Example The Manga Guide to Statistics (in English)
  4. 4. Index in English
  5. 5. How to use index
  6. 6. How to use index
  7. 7. Example The Manga Guide to Statistics (in Portuguese)
  8. 8. Index in Portuguese
  9. 9. Example The Manga Guide to Statistics (in Russian)
  10. 10. Index in Russian Latin alphabet Russian alphabet
  11. 11. Example The Manga Guide to Statistics (in Korean)
  12. 12. Index in Korean Latin alphabet Hangul alphabet
  13. 13. Index in Korean 산술 평균 sansul pyeong-gyun Word group beginning with consonant letter “ㅅ ” arithmetic mean
  14. 14. Example The Manga Guide to Statistics (in Thai)
  15. 15. Index in Thai Latin alphabet Thai script
  16. 16. Index in Thai ● The index is arranged as the same manner as the alphabetical languages, although Thai is not technically an alphabet. Word group beginning with letter “ ค ” ค่าเฉลี่ยเลขคณิต ̄ Kh̀ā chelīy lekh ̄ ̀ arithmetic mean
  17. 17. Example The Manga Guide to Statistics (in traditional Chinese)
  18. 18. Index in Chinese (Traditional)
  19. 19. Index in Chinese (Traditional) 4 strokes Stroke counts of 算 5 strokes is fourteen. 14 strokes arithmetic mean 15 strokes
  20. 20. Pinyin based order 算術平均數(for “arithmetic mean”) Romanize Suànshù píngjūn shù You can find the term in the “S” section.
  21. 21. Example The Manga Guide to Statistics (in simplified Chinese)
  22. 22. Example The Manga Guide to Statistics (in Japanese)
  23. 23. Index in Japanese
  24. 24. Index in Japanese ● The index is arranged in gojuon order, which is roughly based on the pronunciation. か to ご of gojuon さ to ぞ of gojuon arithmetic mean
  25. 25. Kana based order 算術平均 (for “arithmetic mean”) Turn into kana (syllables) さんじゅつへいきん (“sanjutsuheikin” in romanization) You can find the term in the “ さ ” section of gojuon, instead of the “S” section.
  26. 26. Gojuon order Red ones can be used as the header for the group containing followings. (Light-weight ones often omitted.) ● Numbered only as a guide. There is more syllables. ●
  27. 27. Example against gojuon according to the gojuon order ... but often ... 久保田五郎(くぼたごろう) 久保田四郎 窪田三郎(くぼたさぶろう) 久保田五郎 久保田四郎(くぼたしろう) 窪田二郎 窪田二郎(くぼたじろう) 窪田三郎 ku bo ta go ro u ku bo ta sa bu ro u ku bo ta shi ro u ku bo ta ji ro u
  28. 28. If you’d like to know more about arranging Japanese index... • SIST 13 – Indexes and Indexing • • One of the Standards for Information of Science and Technology by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology sist13/sist13_m.htm
  29. 29. Making (Japanese) index with LaTeX
  30. 30. Embed index entry with kana 算術平均 (for “arithmetic mean”) Turn into kana (syllables) さんじゅつへいきん Put it in index command index{ さんじゅつへいきん @ 算術平均 } kana(syllables) word appearing in the index
  31. 31. Indexing in LaTeX Embed the index entries within the manuscripts using index command. ● makeindex arrange the entries so as to be sorted and laid out. ● The manuscript tends to be messy. ●
  32. 32. Tips: How to avoid messy manuscripts
  33. 33. Indexing Japanese in LaTeX ● ● ● Include kana in each index command. mendex arrange the entries so as to be sorted and laid out. The manuscript tends to be messier.
  34. 34. Kana depends on the context (not just on kanji) 相性 Turn into kana a for “compatibility” 多相性 Turn into kana i syo u たそうせい ta so u se i for “polymorphism” 多相性 あ い しょ う Turn into kana for “a lot of compatibilities” ? た あ い しょ う ta a i syo u
  35. 35. Morphological analyzer and its corner case 多相的な 多相性 morphological analyzer morphological analyzer success たそう / てき / な fail た / あいしょう たそう / せい
  36. 36. Using morphological analyzer to put kana ● The manuscript is slightly tidier than before!
  37. 37. Why bother with indexing?
  38. 38. Example The TeXbook
  39. 39. Components of index
  40. 40. Components Headings References Subheadings Cross-references Modifications Qualifications
  41. 41. Mandatory Headings References ● ● The reader will easily find what information the book has or not, just by revising the headings of the index. References are what make the index the index.
  42. 42. Subsidiary ● They help the reader learn the context of the headings. Subheadings Cross-references Modifications Qualifications
  43. 43. Allowed ● ● Any remarks that help reader get the proper reference out of several alternatives. For example, each asterisk(*) indicates that the following heading is a primitive of TeX
  44. 44. Unrecommended Auxiliary information beyond the main purpose of the index. • Exclude everything which gets the readers nowhere! •
  45. 45. Pointless Components ● ● Excerpt from the index of “The Visual Book of Dinosaurs for Kids” Who cares the name of discoverers in the index?
  46. 46. Indexing for who?
  47. 47. Three types of index users 1. Looking-up 2. Reluctant 3. Potential
  48. 48. Looking-up readers • • Already read the book. At least, know the subject. (Books on technologies or any sort of practical knowledge often have these kind of readers.) • They’d like to go directly to some specific part of the book.
  49. 49. Reluctant index-users • Readers would get lost during reading the book when … • • • they forget the key words. the book is poorly constructed. The latter could be avoided by indexing.
  50. 50. Potential readers • • You can use the index to grasp the contents of the book even before actually read it through. The index exhibits the contents of the book in another way than the book itself.
  51. 51. Index and ebook
  52. 52. Is it necessary anyway?
  53. 53. Is it necessary anyway? • • • Definitely! They would supplement a full text literature search through ebooks. It may take a different shape from that of the printed books.
  54. 54. Summing up
  55. 55. With bad index, readers … would be just confused. • have to read through the whole book anyway. • would come to read an ill written or edited book. •
  56. 56. With good index, readers … could directly reach to the proper pages. • could grasp the whole book. • could get another aspect of the book. •
  57. 57. What we have seen Indexes from the world • How to arrange Japanese words in LaTeX realm • Good index, bad index •