Flags courtesy of www.theodora.com/flags used with permissionVUS.13b
Flags courtesy of www.theodora.com/flags used with permission
During the 1950s and 1960s,American schools regularly helddrills to train children what todo in case of a nuclear attack. These notions, though idiotictoday, allowed people to feelthey had some control overtheir situation.“Bert the Turtle” taught Americansto avoid being killed in a nuclearattack by ducking and covering…
American citizens wereurged by the governmentto build bomb shelters intheir own basements.This was their “safeplace” in case of a nuclearattack.People could live in a bomb shelter like this for several months after an attack…
The convictions of Alger Hiss, andJulius and Ethel Rosenberg forspying for the Soviet Union, andthe construction of nuclearweapons by the Soviets usingtechnical secrets obtained throughspying heightened our fears!Alger Hiss (above) was convicted ofespionage in the State Department. Juliusand Ethel Rosenberg (below) wereconvicted of selling atomic secrets to theSoviets. They were put to death!
Senator Joseph McCarthy played on American fears ofcommunism by recklessly accusing many Americangovernmental officials and citizens of being communists basedon flimsy or no evidence.
The hunt for communistsled to the coining of theterm McCarthyism-- themaking of falseaccusations based on rumoror guilt by association.McCarthy, the feared “red”(communist) hunter,displaying the "distribution"of communists in differentstates. He was known for hisphrase “I have a list of knowncommunists”. No one eversaw “the list”.
Senator Joe McCarthy became a verypowerful man. Those who criticized himwere labeled as “soft on communism”. He seemed to self-destruct as TV camerasshowed the nation his “bully tactics”. He was not re-elected and left office inrelative obscurity.
Portraits courtesy of National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
The heavy military expenditures throughoutthe Cold War benefited Virginia’s economyproportionately more than any other state. Its impact was especially dramatic inHampton Roads, home to several large navaland air bases. Northern Virginia, home to the Pentagon andnumerous private companies that contractwith the military, was also impactedsignificantly. Naval Station Norfolk