2008vus11e holocaust

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2008vus11e holocaust

  1. 1. The HolocaustHitler’s “FinalSolution"VUS.11e
  2. 2. Specific groups, oftenthe object of hatredand prejudice, faceincreased risk ofdiscrimination duringwartime.What was the Holocaust and who were its victims?Image Credit: Romaniroots.webs.com
  3. 3. Terms to knowHolocaust: the murder of 11million people in Europe underHitler (6 million were Jews)Genocide: The systematic andpurposeful destruction of aracial, political, religious, orcultural groupFinal Solution: Germany’sdecision to exterminate allJewsConcentration Camp: the manylocations around Europe wherepeople were forced to work andthen exterminated
  4. 4. Affected groups Jews: Hitler blamed the Jewsof Europe for the problems inGermany, they became thescapegoat.Poles: Hitler believed that thepeople from Poland should bethe slaves of Germans"These are slave laborers in theBuchenwald concentration camp nearJena; many had died from malnutritionwhen US troops of the 80th Divisionenter the camp." Germany, April 16,1945. Pvt. H. Miller.(National Archives)
  5. 5. Affected groupsSlavs; Hitler believed the people ofEastern Europe were racially inferiorGypsies: another minority groupwhich traditionally suffered fromdiscrimination in Europe"Undesirables”: homosexuals,mentally ill, political dissidents(especially communists)"Bones of anti-Nazi German womenstill are in the crematoriums in theGerman concentration camp atWeimar, Germany. Prisoners of allnationalities were tortured andkilled." April 14, 1945. Pfc. W.Chichersky.(National Archives)
  6. 6. What was the short-term and long-term significance of the Holocaust?
  7. 7. NUREMBERGTRIALSIn the Nuremberg trials, Nazi leadersand others were convicted of warcrimes.The Nuremberg trials emphasizedindividual responsibility for actionsduring a war, regardless of ordersreceived.The trials led to increased demand fora Jewish homeland. (Zionism)Nuremberg Trials- Defendantsin their dock: Goering, Hess,von Ribbentrop, and Keitel infront row (National Archives)
  8. 8. CREATION OF A NEWNATION: ISRAELGreat Britain’s mandate, Palestine, from WorldWar 1 was used to create Israel and Lebanon.The U.S. supported the creation of a JewishState, where Jews could be free from religiouspersecution of a government.This act created animosity between the Arabnations of the Middle East and the U.S. whichcontinues today.Maps courtesy of www.theodora.com/maps, used with permission

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