Specific groups, oftenthe object of hatredand prejudice, faceincreased risk ofdiscrimination duringwartime.What was the Holocaust and who were its victims?Image Credit: Romaniroots.webs.com
Terms to knowHolocaust: the murder of 11million people in Europe underHitler (6 million were Jews)Genocide: The systematic andpurposeful destruction of aracial, political, religious, orcultural groupFinal Solution: Germany’sdecision to exterminate allJewsConcentration Camp: the manylocations around Europe wherepeople were forced to work andthen exterminated
Affected groups Jews: Hitler blamed the Jewsof Europe for the problems inGermany, they became thescapegoat.Poles: Hitler believed that thepeople from Poland should bethe slaves of Germans"These are slave laborers in theBuchenwald concentration camp nearJena; many had died from malnutritionwhen US troops of the 80th Divisionenter the camp." Germany, April 16,1945. Pvt. H. Miller.(National Archives)
Affected groupsSlavs; Hitler believed the people ofEastern Europe were racially inferiorGypsies: another minority groupwhich traditionally suffered fromdiscrimination in Europe"Undesirables”: homosexuals,mentally ill, political dissidents(especially communists)"Bones of anti-Nazi German womenstill are in the crematoriums in theGerman concentration camp atWeimar, Germany. Prisoners of allnationalities were tortured andkilled." April 14, 1945. Pfc. W.Chichersky.(National Archives)
What was the short-term and long-term significance of the Holocaust?
NUREMBERGTRIALSIn the Nuremberg trials, Nazi leadersand others were convicted of warcrimes.The Nuremberg trials emphasizedindividual responsibility for actionsduring a war, regardless of ordersreceived.The trials led to increased demand fora Jewish homeland. (Zionism)Nuremberg Trials- Defendantsin their dock: Goering, Hess,von Ribbentrop, and Keitel infront row (National Archives)
CREATION OF A NEWNATION: ISRAELGreat Britain’s mandate, Palestine, from WorldWar 1 was used to create Israel and Lebanon.The U.S. supported the creation of a JewishState, where Jews could be free from religiouspersecution of a government.This act created animosity between the Arabnations of the Middle East and the U.S. whichcontinues today.Maps courtesy of www.theodora.com/maps, used with permission