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Animal Farm
Chapter 2-3
Chapter 2 (Summary)
 Napoleon/Snowball description (16)
 Animalism Fully Developed (16)
 Moses-Sugar Candy Mountain (17...
THE SEVEN COMMANDMENTS
1. Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy.
2. Whatever goes upon four legs, or has

wings, is a fr...
The 7 Commandments
They Reflect

1.

The Core Principles of
Animalism

The Perceived Evils of Man
3. The Teachings of Old...
The Russian Revolution-The
Beginning
 February Revolution of 1917 was

the start of the Russian Revolution
 Removed Czar...
Russian Revolution
Chapter 3—Summary
 Pigs take charge/superiority-27
 Raise the pups—(p35 )
 Take the milk —(p35 )
 Boxer’s mantra ―I wi...
Chapter 3—Analysis
 Boxer’s (The People’s) blind faith in the

system
 7 Commandments Set Forth
 Anti-human directives ...
Chapter 3 Themes
Emerging Theme—Propaganda

as a form of (language)
manipulation
Emerging Theme—Importance
of knowledge/...
Key
Allegorical
Connections
Allegorical Parallels

Russia/Soviet Union
=
Manor Farm
 Both divided
 Working class/capitalist
 Both began with noble ...
Russian Revolution – Leon
Trotsky
Smart, energetic leader in

Russian civil war
Great speaker
Believed in spreading the...
Animal Farm - Snowball
Young, smart, idealistic

Wants to make life better for all
One of the leaders of the

Revolutio...
Russian Revolution – Joseph
Stalin
 Not a good speaker, not educated like

Trotsky
 Strayed from Marx’s ideals
 Believe...
Animal Farm - Napoleon
 Not a good speaker, but as

clever as Snowball
 Used devious tactics
 Did not fully believe in,...
ADD TO CHART
Allegorical
The Blind Parallels

Masses
 Anyone in any

The Sheep
 They get stuck on

society who is very
s...
Allegorical Parallels
Czar’s Palace
Alexander Palace

 Not long after the

Jones’s Farmhouse

 After the initial

depart...
Russian Revolution – The
Church/Religion
 Marx said ―Religion was an Opiate of

the masses.‖
 It is used to make people ...
Animal Farm – Moses the
Raven
 Tells tales about Sugar Candy

Mountain
• Exists up in the clouds
• ―Lump sugar and linsee...
Russian Revolution – The Proletariat
 Working Class

citizens
 Loyal to the
revolution
 The group who had
most to gain ...
Animal Farm - Boxer
 Strong, hard working horse, who

believes in animal farm
 Well-respected
 ―Napoleon is always
righ...
Russian Revolution – Pravda
 The official newspaper of the communist

party.
 Worked for Stalin/government to support
•U...
Animal Farm - Squealer
 Smooth talker, deceitful

 Convinces the animals to believe and

follow Napoleon
 Manipulates a...
Russian Revolution –
Bourgeoisie
 Wealthy ―ruling class‖

citizens
 They didn’t care about the
revolution as much as
pro...
Animal Farm - Mollie
 Was vain, loved

beauty and herself
 Cared about ―things‖
 Worked very little
 Went with anyone ...
Add to Chart
Russian Revolution – Cynics and Skeptics
 Doubted revolution would work
 Suspicious of anyone
who rose to a...
Add to Chart
Animal Farm - Benjamin
 Old wise donkey, who is

suspicious of
revolution
 Thinks nothing ever
changes
 Pe...
Soviet Flag with
Russian Revolution –Hammer and
Sickle
 The hammer

represents the
industrial workers
 The sickle
repres...
Animal Farm— ―Hoof and Horn‖
Flag
 Orwell’s parody of the

the communist imagery
 Snowball found a green
tablecloth and ...
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  1. 1. Animal Farm Chapter 2-3
  2. 2. Chapter 2 (Summary)  Napoleon/Snowball description (16)  Animalism Fully Developed (16)  Moses-Sugar Candy Mountain (17)  The Rebellion occurs rather suddenly  Animals take farm and preserve the house (22)  The chapter ends with a realization that the extra milk has gone missing
  3. 3. THE SEVEN COMMANDMENTS 1. Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy. 2. Whatever goes upon four legs, or has wings, is a friend. 3. No animal shall wear clothes. 4. No animal shall sleep in a bed. 5. No animal shall drink alcohol. 6. No animal shall kill any other animal. 7. All animals are equal. Reduced to one line for the sheep to remember:
  4. 4. The 7 Commandments They Reflect 1. The Core Principles of Animalism The Perceived Evils of Man 3. The Teachings of Old Major 2.
  5. 5. The Russian Revolution-The Beginning  February Revolution of 1917 was the start of the Russian Revolution  Removed Czar Nicholas II from power  Happened as a result of bread shortages  Led to worker protests  Which led to a mutiny
  6. 6. Russian Revolution
  7. 7. Chapter 3—Summary  Pigs take charge/superiority-27  Raise the pups—(p35 )  Take the milk —(p35 )  Boxer’s mantra ―I will work harder‖  Snowball and Napoleon in conflict (p31)  Squealer demonstrates knack for manipulating other animals—(p35)
  8. 8. Chapter 3—Analysis  Boxer’s (The People’s) blind faith in the system  7 Commandments Set Forth  Anti-human directives (no clothes), moral values (not to kill other animal), utopian ideas (all animals equal)  Role of Slogans
  9. 9. Chapter 3 Themes Emerging Theme—Propaganda as a form of (language) manipulation Emerging Theme—Importance of knowledge/Danger of ignorance
  10. 10. Key Allegorical Connections
  11. 11. Allegorical Parallels Russia/Soviet Union = Manor Farm  Both divided  Working class/capitalist  Both began with noble ideas  Moral dignity and equality
  12. 12. Russian Revolution – Leon Trotsky Smart, energetic leader in Russian civil war Great speaker Believed in spreading the socialist revolution abroad The natural successor to Lenin
  13. 13. Animal Farm - Snowball Young, smart, idealistic Wants to make life better for all One of the leaders of the Revolution Wanted to spread the rebellion and industrialize the farm
  14. 14. Russian Revolution – Joseph Stalin  Not a good speaker, not educated like Trotsky  Strayed from Marx’s ideals  Believed in ―Socialism in one country‖  Used KGB, religion, and propaganda to keep control
  15. 15. Animal Farm - Napoleon  Not a good speaker, but as clever as Snowball  Used devious tactics  Did not fully believe in, or follow, Old Major’s teachings  Had a lust for power and control
  16. 16. ADD TO CHART Allegorical The Blind Parallels Masses  Anyone in any The Sheep  They get stuck on society who is very slogans ignorant  Their knowledge is  People who can’t shallow think for  Easily controlled themselves Four Legs Good. Two Legs Bad.
  17. 17. Allegorical Parallels Czar’s Palace Alexander Palace  Not long after the Jones’s Farmhouse  After the initial departure of Czar rebellion, ―a Nicholas for Siberia, unanimous resolution a museum was was passed on the established within spot that the the Alexander farmhouse should be http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=37jWzszYga8&safet Palace. preserved as a y_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1&safe=active museum.‖ (23)
  18. 18. Russian Revolution – The Church/Religion  Marx said ―Religion was an Opiate of the masses.‖  It is used to make people be easy to control.  Later, Stalin knew religion would stop a violent revolution.
  19. 19. Animal Farm – Moses the Raven  Tells tales about Sugar Candy Mountain • Exists up in the clouds • ―Lump sugar and linseed cake grew on the hedges‖  The animals disliked Moses because he ―told tales and did no work‖
  20. 20. Russian Revolution – The Proletariat  Working Class citizens  Loyal to the revolution  The group who had most to gain through communism
  21. 21. Animal Farm - Boxer  Strong, hard working horse, who believes in animal farm  Well-respected  ―Napoleon is always right‖  ―I must work harder‖
  22. 22. Russian Revolution – Pravda  The official newspaper of the communist party.  Worked for Stalin/government to support •Used lies/propaganda his policies to convince the people to follow Stalin •Propaganda—Half-
  23. 23. Animal Farm - Squealer  Smooth talker, deceitful  Convinces the animals to believe and follow Napoleon  Manipulates animals with lies, fear, and other tactics
  24. 24. Russian Revolution – Bourgeoisie  Wealthy ―ruling class‖ citizens  They didn’t care about the revolution as much as protecting their wealth  Went to other countries that offered more for them
  25. 25. Animal Farm - Mollie  Was vain, loved beauty and herself  Cared about ―things‖  Worked very little  Went with anyone who gave her what she wanted
  26. 26. Add to Chart Russian Revolution – Cynics and Skeptics  Doubted revolution would work  Suspicious of anyone who rose to a position of power after the revolution  Smart enough to know better
  27. 27. Add to Chart Animal Farm - Benjamin  Old wise donkey, who is suspicious of revolution  Thinks nothing ever changes  Perhaps the most intelligent animal other than the pigs
  28. 28. Soviet Flag with Russian Revolution –Hammer and Sickle  The hammer represents the industrial workers  The sickle represents the agricultural workers  The flag shows they are united
  29. 29. Animal Farm— ―Hoof and Horn‖ Flag  Orwell’s parody of the the communist imagery  Snowball found a green tablecloth and Painted on it the hoof and horn  ―The green represents the green fields of England, while the hoof and horn signified the future Republic of the Animals which would arise when the human race had

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