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Linux Basics


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Talk regarding Linux Basics, a tour of educational applications as well as some best practices. A view on how linux is distributed.

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Linux Basics

  1. 1. Getting to know Linux <ul><ul><li>By Alexandro Colorado </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Who am I? <ul><li>I am 29 yr old IT Consultant from Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Work with an open source project called </li></ul><ul><li>Have used Linux since 2000 and exclusively since 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>Open source has changed my life </li></ul><ul><li>I never went to college for that </li></ul>
  3. 3. So what exactly is Linux?
  4. 4. Is a TV
  5. 5. Is a phone
  6. 6. Is like water...
  7. 7. Why? Water... huh?!? <ul><li>You can get Linux for free or through a vendor. </li></ul><ul><li>You can also get Linux within a product. </li></ul><ul><li>Linux is free... as in Freedom </li></ul><ul><li>In Spanish we call it “software libre” not “software gratis”. </li></ul><ul><li>So why is it also free as in cost? Because the developers choose to do so through their license agreement.... the GPL </li></ul>
  8. 8. How can I use it?
  9. 9. Linux is a complex beast. <ul><li>I won't lie, Linux is not easy, the same way as computers are not easy for your parents. </li></ul><ul><li>Linux might be frightening because is like learning computers all over again. </li></ul><ul><li>Linux is not easy because is an operating system, they are not meant to be easy. </li></ul><ul><li>Linux actually is just a kernel, a program of code that connect your screen with keyboard. </li></ul><ul><li>Average user will take around 2 months to feel comfortable using it day to day </li></ul>
  10. 10. GNOME Desktop showing a Browser and an E-Mail client Menu is up here
  11. 11. KDE Desktop showing a File Manager
  12. 12. Great desktop effects with Compiz Fusion
  13. 13. Yet Linux is not a 1 man show <ul><li>Behind every single program that comes with Linux there is a whole community behind it. </li></ul><ul><li>Hundred of forums, mailing lists, podcasts and Video tutorials are made to teach Linux </li></ul><ul><li>You might even find a community just for educators. </li></ul><ul><li>Free software are projects not products. (avoid consumer mentality) </li></ul>
  14. 14. So why is Linux better? <ul><li>Is collaborative </li></ul><ul><li>Is very customizable </li></ul><ul><li>Is more complete than expected </li></ul><ul><li>It evolves, every single day </li></ul><ul><li>Is more secure </li></ul><ul><li>Is more stable </li></ul><ul><li>Is extremely hard to loose data </li></ul>
  15. 15. How can I teach with it. <ul><li>Linux has a great deal of software for education. </li></ul><ul><li>Applications for learning including Math, Languages, Chemistry, Astronomy </li></ul><ul><li>Also has applications for younger kids: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paint </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Type </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Music </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Gcompris <ul><li>Teaching young kids to fear no Penguin </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer discovery- keyboard, mouse, mouse gestures. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Algebra – memory, enumeration, double entry table, mirror image </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Science – the water cycle, the submarine, electric simulation </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. KDE Education <ul><li>A whole suite of applications for language, science, math, games: </li></ul>
  18. 18. Linux desktop Applications <ul><li>Internet: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Web browser, email client, FTP client, Instant Messenger, VoIP client </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Office: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Word processor, spreadsheet, Drawing, presentation, desktop publishing, charting, photo editing, PDF viewer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Multimedia: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CD/Audio/Video player, audio and video editor, jukebox </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. How to jump on Google? Spend time learning where the applications are and their names
  20. 20. Usual suspects <ul><li>Browser: - firefox, epiphany, opera, konqueror </li></ul><ul><li>Email: - evolution, thunderbird </li></ul><ul><li>Office: - (writer, calc, impress, draw), koffice, abiword </li></ul><ul><li>Music: - Totem, kaffeine, amarok, xine </li></ul>
  21. 21. Browsers firefox opera konqueror
  22. 22.
  23. 23. KOffice
  24. 24. Email Evolution Kontact
  25. 25. Music and Video Totem Amarok Rythmbox
  26. 26. Communications Skype Pidgin Gizmo Ekiga
  27. 27. I am stuck HEEELP!!!
  28. 28. Someone please call 911 <ul><li>Make sure you read the manual. </li></ul><ul><li>Google for your answer, most issues are already asked by others. </li></ul><ul><li>Join a linux support forum ( </li></ul><ul><li>Join a linux support chat (Xchat is great) </li></ul><ul><li>Instructional linux podcast ( </li></ul><ul><li>Please be patient since we are all users ;-) </li></ul>
  29. 29. Chat for help X-Chat X-Chat