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E-Waste - Recycle & Management

E-Waste - Recycle & Management

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E-WASTE
Sources and Management
E-WASTE
E-waste consist of Wastes generated from
used IT, Electronic and Electrical
appliances such as Computer Monitor,
CPU, Printer, Hard disk etc which are
rejected and not fit for their original use
and are destined to Recycling or Disposal.
CONTENTS
 Introduction: What is E-Waste?
 Sources of E-Waste
 Let’s have a Glance
 Impact of E-Waste on Human Life- Case Study
 E-Waste Recycling Legislation
 Why Recycle E- Waste
 E-Waste Management
 Reuse of E-waste
 Policies and Conventions
 Organizations
 Conclusion
Sources of E-Waste
Private Sectors
(Restaurants ,
Industries):
• PC
• Boilers
• Mixer
• Signal Generators
• Incubator
• etc
Government:
• PC
• CPU
• FAX machine
• Xerox machine
• Scanner
• Fan
• Tube lights
• Air conditions
• etc
Hospitals:
• PC
• Monitors
• ECG device
• Microscope
• Incubator
• etc
Home:
• PC
• Television
• Radio
• Cell phones
• Washing machine
• Microwave oven
• CD player
• Fan
• Electric Iron
• etc
LET’S HAVE A GLANCE
o An estimated 50 million tons of E-waste are produced
each year.
o The USA discards 30 million computers each year and
100 million phones are disposed of in Europe each year.
o The Environmental Protection Agency estimates that
only 15–20% of e-waste is recycled, the rest of these
electronics go directly into landfills and incinerators.
o According to a report by UNEP titled, "Recycling –
from E-Waste to Resources," the amount of e-waste
being produced – including mobile phones and
computers – could rise by as much as 500 percent over
the next decade in some countries, such as India.
LET’S HAVE A GLANCE: INDIA
 India, which has emerged as the world’s second largest
mobile market, is also the fifth largest producer of e-waste,
discarding roughly 18.5 lakhs tones of electronic waste each
year.
 With more than 100 crore mobile phones in circulation,
nearly 25 per cent end up in e-waste annually.
 Among the top ten cities generating E-Waste, Mumbai
ranks first followed by Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai, Kolkata,
Ahmedabad, Hyderabad, Pune, Surat & Nagpur.
 Telecom equipment alone accounts for 12 per cent of the e-
waste, a joint study by Assocham-KPMG said.

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E-Waste - Recycle & Management

  • 2. E-WASTE E-waste consist of Wastes generated from used IT, Electronic and Electrical appliances such as Computer Monitor, CPU, Printer, Hard disk etc which are rejected and not fit for their original use and are destined to Recycling or Disposal.
  • 3. CONTENTS  Introduction: What is E-Waste?  Sources of E-Waste  Let’s have a Glance  Impact of E-Waste on Human Life- Case Study  E-Waste Recycling Legislation  Why Recycle E- Waste  E-Waste Management  Reuse of E-waste  Policies and Conventions  Organizations  Conclusion
  • 4. Sources of E-Waste Private Sectors (Restaurants , Industries): • PC • Boilers • Mixer • Signal Generators • Incubator • etc Government: • PC • CPU • FAX machine • Xerox machine • Scanner • Fan • Tube lights • Air conditions • etc Hospitals: • PC • Monitors • ECG device • Microscope • Incubator • etc Home: • PC • Television • Radio • Cell phones • Washing machine • Microwave oven • CD player • Fan • Electric Iron • etc
  • 5. LET’S HAVE A GLANCE o An estimated 50 million tons of E-waste are produced each year. o The USA discards 30 million computers each year and 100 million phones are disposed of in Europe each year. o The Environmental Protection Agency estimates that only 15–20% of e-waste is recycled, the rest of these electronics go directly into landfills and incinerators. o According to a report by UNEP titled, "Recycling – from E-Waste to Resources," the amount of e-waste being produced – including mobile phones and computers – could rise by as much as 500 percent over the next decade in some countries, such as India.
  • 6. LET’S HAVE A GLANCE: INDIA  India, which has emerged as the world’s second largest mobile market, is also the fifth largest producer of e-waste, discarding roughly 18.5 lakhs tones of electronic waste each year.  With more than 100 crore mobile phones in circulation, nearly 25 per cent end up in e-waste annually.  Among the top ten cities generating E-Waste, Mumbai ranks first followed by Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai, Kolkata, Ahmedabad, Hyderabad, Pune, Surat & Nagpur.  Telecom equipment alone accounts for 12 per cent of the e- waste, a joint study by Assocham-KPMG said.
  • 7. IMPACT OF E-WASTE ON HUMAN LIFE ❖Bangalore, located in southern India, is often referred as the "Silicon Valley of India" and has a growing informal e-waste recycling sector. Hair samples were collected from workers at an e-waste recycling facility and an e-waste recycling slum community in Bangalore. Levels of V, Cr, Mn, Mo, Sn, Tl, and Pb were significantly higher in the workers at the e-waste recycling facility compared to the e-waste workers in the slum community. However, Co, Ag, Cd, and Hg levels were significantly higher in the slum community workers compared to the facility workers. ❖A study in Ghana found higher levels of urinary PAH-metabolites in e-waste workers compared to unexposed controls. They also found a greater frequency of complaints of cough, chest pain, and vertigo from those exposed to emissions from the e- waste recycling processes.
  • 8. E-WASTE RECYCLING LEGISLATION In the United States, 25 states have mandated electronics recycling, covering 65 percent of the U.S. population. Almost all of these policies require manufacturer responsibility to fund the recycling effort. California, by contrast, utilizes an advanced recycling fee(ARF) paid by consumers to fund the recycling of old televisions, computer monitors, and DVD players. At the federal level, the Responsible Electronics Recycling Act was introduced in 2011, which would prohibit the export of e-waste, but is not expected to pass.
  • 9. NOTIFICATION BY MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE  The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has notified e-waste management rules, 2016, in which producers are for the first time covered under extended producers’ responsibility (EPR). “The EPR is an environment protection strategy that makes the producer responsible for the entire life cycle of the product, specially for take back, recycle and final disposal of the product”. (E-Waste: Management and Handling Rules, 2011)  The rules prescribe a waste collection target of 30 per cent waste generated under EPR for the first two years, progressively going up to 70 per cent in the seventh year of the rule.  The rules prescribe stringent financial penalties for non- compliance.
  • 10. WHY RECYCLE ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS? Electronic products are made from valuable resources and materials, including metals, plastics, and glass, all of which require energy to mine and manufacture. Donating or recycling consumer electronics conserves our natural resources and avoids air and water pollution, as well as greenhouse gas emissions that are caused by manufacturing virgin materials. For example: Recycling one million laptops saves the energy equivalent to the electricity used by more than 3,500 US homes in a year. For every million cell phones we recycle, 35 thousand pounds of copper, 772 pounds of silver, 75 pounds of gold and 33 pounds of palladium can be recovered.
  • 11. CURRENT DISPOSAL TECHNIQUES In India Scrap Workers are using Unsystematic manner for the disposal of e-waste which is a dangerous practice for Environment.
  • 12. E-WASTE MANAGEMENT The major components of E-waste Management are - ◼ E-waste collection, sorting and transportation ◼ E-waste recycling In industries, management of E-waste is done by Waste Minimization Techniques. It involves- ◼ Inventory management ◼ Production-process modification, ◼ Volume reduction ◼ Recovery and reuse
  • 13. REUSE OF E-WASTE Reuse is the environmentally preferable option for managing older electronics equipment By extending the useful life of old products, reuse conserves the energy and raw materials needed to manufacture new products and doing so reduces the pollution Reuse also gives people who cannot afford new products access to electronic equipment at reduced or at low cost Almost all domestic and part of imported E-Waste are reused in following ways: • Direct second-hand use • Use after repair or slight modification • Use of some parts like monitor cabinet, main board for making new appliances
  • 14. POLICY AND CONVENTIONS Environment Protection Act Basel Action Network (BAN) Basel Convention China RoHS e-Stewards Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive (RoHS) Soesterberg Principles Sustainable Electronics Initiative (SEI) Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive
  • 15. ORGANIZATIONS Asset Disposal and Information Security Alliance (ADISA) Empa Ifixit International Network for Environmental Compliance and Enforcement Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries (ISRI) Solving the E-waste Problem World Reuse, Repair and Recycling Association
  • 16. CONCLUSION 1. As far as e-waste is concerned, it has emerged as one of the fastest growing waste streams world wide today. 2. Electronic equipment is one of the largest known sources of heavy metals without effective collection, reuse, and recycling systems, they will be dangerous to environment 3. Reuse and recycling of electronic equipment is a beneficial alternative than disposal 4. Product design by using safe and environment friendly raw materials and most emerging technologies 5. Awareness of e-waste 6. Implementation of legislation
  • 17. Submitted By: Jyotsna Tiwary Master of Social work (Micro Finance & Rural Development) National Institute of Technology Allahabad Let’s keep our city clean!!