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45259790 trade-union


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45259790 trade-union

  1. 1. Organisation of workers acting collectively, who seek to protect and promote their mutual interests through collective bargaining
  2. 2. <ul><li>CLASSICAL – Protect the interests of workers – express the needs ,aspirations , wishes of workers </li></ul><ul><li>NEO – CLASSICAL – Improving issues like tax reliefs , raising saving rates , etc., </li></ul><ul><li>REVOLUTIONARY CHANGE IN THE SYSTEM – Through violence , use of force </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>MILITANT OR PROTECTIVE OR INTRA-MURAL FUNCTIONS – protecting workers interests –wage hike, job security , collective bargaining & strikes ,gheraos ,etc., </li></ul><ul><li>FRATERNAL or EXTRAMURAL FUNCTIONS – financial & non-financial assistance to workers during strikes & lockouts, medical facilities ,education , recreation, religious benefits ,etc., </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>POLITICAL FUNCTIONS – Affiliating with political party – collect donation – help during strikes </li></ul><ul><li>SOCIAL FUNCTIONS – Social service activities ,discharging social responsibilities </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Wages & Salaries </li></ul><ul><li>Working Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Discipline </li></ul><ul><li>Personnel policies </li></ul><ul><li>Welfare </li></ul><ul><li>Employer-Employee relations </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiating Machinery </li></ul><ul><li>Safeguarding organisational health & the interest of the Industry </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Sectional bargainer – Interests of workers @ plant,Industry,National level – multiplicity of unions, Crafts union, White collar union , etc., </li></ul><ul><li>Class bargainer – interests of Particular class – Agriculture Unions , Civil servants union </li></ul><ul><li>Agents of State – Railway strike , INTUC stood behind </li></ul><ul><li>Partners in Social Control – Germany , Holland ,France , Italy & Sweden </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Unions Role - enemies of economic system – politics driven – Leftist – fundamental economic change – high wages & bonus – wont consider economy </li></ul><ul><li>Business oriented role – consider interests of organisation as well - swim & sink together </li></ul><ul><li>Unions as Change agent – lead changes – pioneering role </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Based on Ideology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Revolutionary Unions – Destruction of existing one & creating new one – Shift in power & authority & use force(LEFT) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reformist or Welfare Unions – Exchanges in existing Socio-political framework – European model </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uplift Unions – Advocates beyond working conditions – Poverty elimination , Change in tax system </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Based on Trade </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Membership based on trade they represent – Craft union(WEST) certified to do certain craft like pipe fitting , Carpentry – not in INDIA & SRILANKA </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Range of workers represented in general union from all trades - in INDIA & SRILANKA </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>BLUE-COLLAR WORKERS – Workers on the Production floor or Outdoor Trades(Construction site) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>WHITE –COLLAR WORKERS – Employees in shops & Offices – clerical & allied functions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Industry they work – Agricultural Labour union, Forest workers union </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Based on agreement </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Closed Shop – Workers should be join the union to become the employee – Hartley Act 1947 bans this – Still exist in US – also called HIRING HALL </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Union Shop - All new recruits should the union within the period </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Preferential shop – union members given preference in filling the vacancy </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maintenance shop – No compulsory membership b4 & after recruitment – membership remains compulsory once chosen </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Agency Shop – Non union member pays equal to member to continue employment </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Open Shop - No compulsory membership b4 & after recruitment - no unions at all </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>