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EVOLUTION OF WEB
   BROWSERS

           By Jyothi N
           4th sem MLISc
           Dept of LIS
           Bangalore
           university
Introduction:

   The tool we use to browse our favourite
    website has a long and rich history with battles
    for market share and dominance.
    In order to surf the web, you need a web
    browser, and today there are several different
    ones.
   No matter which browser you choose to surf
    the web with, the features you take for granted
    today are the result of nearly two decades of
    browser design.
Definition:

   “A web browser is a software application for
    retrieving, presenting, and passing over
    information resources on the World Wide Web. An
    information resource is identified by a Uniform
    Resource Identifier (URI) and may be a web
    page, image, video, or other piece of content”.
                            Or
   It is a software application to accesses information
    provided by Web servers.
   Brings information resources to the user.
   Retrieve, present, and traverse information
    resources on the World Wide Web.
Current Web browsers:
   Internet Explorer for Mac
   Internet Explorer for windows
    Lynx
    Mosaic
    Mozilla
    Mozilla Firefox
    Netscape
    Omni Web
    Safari
   Opera
   Google chrome
WorldWideWeb (1990)

   World‟s first web browser, coded by Tim Berners-Lee,
    who is the inventor of web.
   The groundwork for WorldWideWeb began in the late
    1980s. In 1990, it was the only way to see the web. It
    was officially introduced in 1991.
    It was the first graphical web browser and
    WYSIWYG HTML editor. WorldWideWeb could
    display basic style sheets and navigation menu
    contained "back," "next," and "previous" buttons, but
    the browser also served as an editor. It was renamed
    to Nexus avoid the confusion between the www
    system.
   The source code was released into the public domain
Mosaic (1992)

   Mosaic was a major improvement in web clients
    that made web browsing more friendly with
    features like icons, bookmarks and more
    attractive interface.

• By 1994, Mosaic had a user
      base of several million users
worldwide. It was also a client for
earlier       protocols        such
as FTP, Usenet, and Gopher.
Erwise (1992)

   world's first graphical point-and-click browser was
    Erwise. Developed by four Finnish students at the
    Helsinki University of Technology, Erwise was
    designed for UNIX computers running the X
    Windows System.
   Advanced for its time, Erwise had the ability to
    search for words on web pages. If it didn't find the
    word it was looking for, it would scour the
    internet, up to 12 pages at a time, to try to find it.
    Erwise could also load multiple pages at the
    same time, but despite all the innovation and
    promise, it was never commercialized, the result
    of a "horrible recession" in Finland at the time.
ViolaWWW (1992)

   One of the earliest browsers, ViolaWWW was
    launched in May 1992. It was written by Pei-Yuan
    Wei, a University of California student, and like
    Erwise, was built for UNIX and the X Windowing
    System.
    This gave the browser a limited audience.
   Notable features include the ability to use multi font
    text, functioning within a single windows operation
    and the ability to clone a copy of a document in
    other    windows,      inclusion   of    a    History
    window,      "Home",     "Back",    and    "Forward"
    buttons, online help buttons, and even bookmarks.
MidasWWW (1992)


   Another X browser, MidasWWW was
    released in November of 1992. It was
    developed by Tony Johnson at SLAC, who
    named it Midas for 'Motif Interactive Data
    Analysis Shell.„
   One of the few innovations of
    MidasWWW was that hyperlinks
    changed color after you clicked on
    them. It was also the first browser to
Lynx (1992)

   Although Erwise had already broken ground with a
    graphical interface, Lynx, also released in 1992, was
    a text-only browser originally developed by the
    University of Kansas to distribute campus
    information. It would later find an audience with the
    visually impaired because of its text-to-speech
    interface.

   In 1993, a student named Lou Montulli added an
    Internet interface to the application and released it
    as Lynx 2.0. This became popular for character
    mode terminals that didn't rely on graphics, although
    Lynx does possess the ability to launch external
Netscape (1994)

   Marc Andeerssen, the leader of Mosaic team at
    NCSA, soon started his own company named
    Netscape.
   Netscape released Netscape Navigator in 1994.
   First commercial web browser.
   Became the most used web browser of its time
    and reached 90% of all web use at its peak.
   By 2002 its usage had almost disappeared. This
    was partly due to the increased usage of
    Microsoft's Internet Explorer web browser
    software and other web browsers
Internet Explorer (1995)

   Microsoft initiated the web browsers by launching
    Internet Explorer in 1995 (influenced by Mosaic).
   Internet Explorer was included with Windows that
    created tough competition for Mosaic. It effectively
    started off the first browser war for the market
    dominance.
   It has been the most widely used web browser
    since 1999, attaining a peak of about 95% usage
    share during 2002 and 2003 with IE5 and IE6.
   Latest official release - Internet Explorer 8
    (IE8) in March of 2009.
   Next major release - Internet Explorer 9,
    is currently in development.
Opera (1996)

   After working with Telenor, Opera released its
    own web browser in 1996. It was Opera
    version 2.0. Opera never achieved widespread
    use as a desktop web browser.
Apple Safari (2003)


   Apple publically launched web browser for
    their operating system, Mac OS X, on June 2003
    named Safari.
   A version of Safari for the Microsoft Windows
    operating system, first released on June
    11, 2007, supports windows XP, Windows Vista, and
    Windows 7. The latest stable release of the browser
    is 5.0, which is available as a free download for both
    Mac OS X and Microsoft Windows.
   As of 2010, Safari is the fourth most
    widely used browser, following Google
Mozilla Firefox (2004)

   Dave Hyatt and Blake Ross started an
    experimental project (Firefox) as a branch of
    Mozilla project.
   Firefox1.0 was released in the end of 2004.
   Firefox project has undergone several name
    changes. Initially it was named Phoenix
    but later it was renamed due to
    trademark issues with Phoenix
    Technologies.
Google Chrome (2008)

   Google Chrome‟s first Beta version was
    released on 2 September 2008 for
    Microsoft Windows.
   Google Chrome got famous because of its light
    and simple looks.
   It made significant gains in market share.
   It overtook Firefox for 2nd place in 2011.
Browsers usage as on April
2012
Evolution of web browsers ppt

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Evolution of web browsers ppt

  • 1. EVOLUTION OF WEB BROWSERS By Jyothi N 4th sem MLISc Dept of LIS Bangalore university
  • 2. Introduction:  The tool we use to browse our favourite website has a long and rich history with battles for market share and dominance.  In order to surf the web, you need a web browser, and today there are several different ones.  No matter which browser you choose to surf the web with, the features you take for granted today are the result of nearly two decades of browser design.
  • 3. Definition:  “A web browser is a software application for retrieving, presenting, and passing over information resources on the World Wide Web. An information resource is identified by a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) and may be a web page, image, video, or other piece of content”. Or  It is a software application to accesses information provided by Web servers.  Brings information resources to the user.  Retrieve, present, and traverse information resources on the World Wide Web.
  • 4. Current Web browsers:  Internet Explorer for Mac  Internet Explorer for windows  Lynx  Mosaic  Mozilla  Mozilla Firefox  Netscape  Omni Web  Safari  Opera  Google chrome
  • 5. WorldWideWeb (1990)  World‟s first web browser, coded by Tim Berners-Lee, who is the inventor of web.  The groundwork for WorldWideWeb began in the late 1980s. In 1990, it was the only way to see the web. It was officially introduced in 1991.  It was the first graphical web browser and WYSIWYG HTML editor. WorldWideWeb could display basic style sheets and navigation menu contained "back," "next," and "previous" buttons, but the browser also served as an editor. It was renamed to Nexus avoid the confusion between the www system.  The source code was released into the public domain
  • 6. Mosaic (1992)  Mosaic was a major improvement in web clients that made web browsing more friendly with features like icons, bookmarks and more attractive interface. • By 1994, Mosaic had a user base of several million users worldwide. It was also a client for earlier protocols such as FTP, Usenet, and Gopher.
  • 7. Erwise (1992)  world's first graphical point-and-click browser was Erwise. Developed by four Finnish students at the Helsinki University of Technology, Erwise was designed for UNIX computers running the X Windows System.  Advanced for its time, Erwise had the ability to search for words on web pages. If it didn't find the word it was looking for, it would scour the internet, up to 12 pages at a time, to try to find it.  Erwise could also load multiple pages at the same time, but despite all the innovation and promise, it was never commercialized, the result of a "horrible recession" in Finland at the time.
  • 8. ViolaWWW (1992)  One of the earliest browsers, ViolaWWW was launched in May 1992. It was written by Pei-Yuan Wei, a University of California student, and like Erwise, was built for UNIX and the X Windowing System.  This gave the browser a limited audience.  Notable features include the ability to use multi font text, functioning within a single windows operation and the ability to clone a copy of a document in other windows, inclusion of a History window, "Home", "Back", and "Forward" buttons, online help buttons, and even bookmarks.
  • 9. MidasWWW (1992)  Another X browser, MidasWWW was released in November of 1992. It was developed by Tony Johnson at SLAC, who named it Midas for 'Motif Interactive Data Analysis Shell.„  One of the few innovations of MidasWWW was that hyperlinks changed color after you clicked on them. It was also the first browser to
  • 10. Lynx (1992)  Although Erwise had already broken ground with a graphical interface, Lynx, also released in 1992, was a text-only browser originally developed by the University of Kansas to distribute campus information. It would later find an audience with the visually impaired because of its text-to-speech interface.  In 1993, a student named Lou Montulli added an Internet interface to the application and released it as Lynx 2.0. This became popular for character mode terminals that didn't rely on graphics, although Lynx does possess the ability to launch external
  • 11. Netscape (1994)  Marc Andeerssen, the leader of Mosaic team at NCSA, soon started his own company named Netscape.  Netscape released Netscape Navigator in 1994.  First commercial web browser.  Became the most used web browser of its time and reached 90% of all web use at its peak.  By 2002 its usage had almost disappeared. This was partly due to the increased usage of Microsoft's Internet Explorer web browser software and other web browsers
  • 12. Internet Explorer (1995)  Microsoft initiated the web browsers by launching Internet Explorer in 1995 (influenced by Mosaic).  Internet Explorer was included with Windows that created tough competition for Mosaic. It effectively started off the first browser war for the market dominance.  It has been the most widely used web browser since 1999, attaining a peak of about 95% usage share during 2002 and 2003 with IE5 and IE6.  Latest official release - Internet Explorer 8 (IE8) in March of 2009.  Next major release - Internet Explorer 9, is currently in development.
  • 13. Opera (1996)  After working with Telenor, Opera released its own web browser in 1996. It was Opera version 2.0. Opera never achieved widespread use as a desktop web browser.
  • 14. Apple Safari (2003)  Apple publically launched web browser for their operating system, Mac OS X, on June 2003 named Safari.  A version of Safari for the Microsoft Windows operating system, first released on June 11, 2007, supports windows XP, Windows Vista, and Windows 7. The latest stable release of the browser is 5.0, which is available as a free download for both Mac OS X and Microsoft Windows.  As of 2010, Safari is the fourth most widely used browser, following Google
  • 15. Mozilla Firefox (2004)  Dave Hyatt and Blake Ross started an experimental project (Firefox) as a branch of Mozilla project.  Firefox1.0 was released in the end of 2004.  Firefox project has undergone several name changes. Initially it was named Phoenix but later it was renamed due to trademark issues with Phoenix Technologies.
  • 16. Google Chrome (2008)  Google Chrome‟s first Beta version was released on 2 September 2008 for Microsoft Windows.  Google Chrome got famous because of its light and simple looks.  It made significant gains in market share.  It overtook Firefox for 2nd place in 2011.
  • 17. Browsers usage as on April 2012