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An epistemological experiment: 
issue mapping, data journalism 
and the public understanding of 
complex issues 
27th October 2014, Utrecht Data School, Utrecht University 
Liliana Bounegru | lilianabounegru.org | @bb_liliana! 
Jonathan Gray | jonathangray.org | @jwyg
Gray, J., Bounegru, L. & Chambers, L. (2012) The Data Journalism Handbook.! 
Available at: http://datajournalismhandbook.org/
Rogers, R. (2013) Digital Methods. 
Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
“An epistemological experiment”
social 
science 
researchers 
leading 
digital 
newsrooms 
new ways of 
covering 
complex issues 
+ =
social 
science! 
researchers 
leading 
digital 
newsrooms 
new ways of 
covering 
complex issues 
+ =
Using digital traces to study the social: 
actor-network theory, issue mapping, 
digital methods
“[T]here is nothing specific to social order; (…) there is no 
social dimension of any sort, no social ‘context’, no distinct 
domain of reality to which the label ‘social’ or ‘society’ could 
be attributed; (…) no ‘social force’ is available to ‘explain’ 
the residual features other domains cannot account for (…) 
and (…) society, far from being the context ‘in which’ 
everything is framed, should rather be constructed as one of 
the many connecting elements circulating in tiny conduits” 
– Bruno Latour, Reassembling the Social: An Introduction to Actor-Network 
Theory (2005)
“The social is visible only by the traces it leaves..” 
– Bruno Latour, Reassembling the Social: An Introduction to Actor-Network 
Theory (2005)
“The interest of electronic media lies in the fact 
that every interaction that passes through them 
leaves traces..” 
– Bruno Latour & Tommaso Venturini, “The Social Fabric: 
Digital Traces and Quali-quantitative Methods” (2009)
Digital methods are “methods of the medium” 
designed to repurpose digital objects such as 
tags, likes, links and hashtags to study issues. 
– Digital Methods Initiative, 
University of Amsterdam
Three examples:! 
1. climate change negotiations! 
2. rise of the far right in Europe! 
3. health worker migration
Example #1:! 
mapping dominant topics and 
countries in UN climate 
negotiations
EMAPS (2014) “Climaps: A Global Issue Atlas of Climate Change Adaptation”! 
Available at: http://climaps.org/
“Adaptation turn”
“In what seems like a flash, the climate-change 
debate has lurched from talk of mitigation to 
one of adaptation.” 
– Leo Hickman, “Can carbon offsetting ever be truly green?”, 
The Guardian, 3rd September 2008.
The Atlantic (2014) “The UN's New Focus: Surviving, Not Stopping, Climate Change”. 
Available at: http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2014/04/the-uns-new-focus-surviving-not-stopping- 
climate-change/359929/
Can the shift from mitigation to adaptation be 
observed in the UNFCCC negotiations?
Venturini, T., Baya-laffite, N., Cointet, J., Gray, I., Zabban, V., & De Pryck, K. (2014) “Three Maps and Three 
Misunderstandings : A Digital Mapping of Climate Diplomacy.” Big Data and Society, 2014, 1(1). 
Available at: http://medialab.sciences-po.fr/publications/misunderstandings/
Findings! 
Mitigation is more dominant - the majority of 
the clusters are about mitigation. 
Mitigation is much more diverse and 
distributed. 
Adaptation is a much more tightly clustered 
topic and highly connected to other topics.
Venturini, T., Baya-laffite, N., Cointet, J., Gray, I., Zabban, V., & De Pryck, K. (2014) “Three Maps and Three 
Misunderstandings : A Digital Mapping of Climate Diplomacy.” Big Data and Society, 2014, 1(1). 
Available at: http://medialab.sciences-po.fr/publications/misunderstandings/
Venturini, T., Baya-laffite, N., Cointet, J., Gray, I., Zabban, V., & De Pryck, K. (2014) “Three Maps and Three 
Misunderstandings : A Digital Mapping of Climate Diplomacy.” Big Data and Society, 2014, 1(1). 
Available at: http://medialab.sciences-po.fr/publications/misunderstandings/
Findings! 
Both adaptation and mitigation are highly 
visible in negotiations. 
Adaptation financing has been central to 
climate negotiations from the outset. 
There is a noticeable shift towards adaptation 
during the period we examined.
Venturini, T., Baya-laffite, N., Cointet, J., Gray, I., Zabban, V., & De Pryck, K. (2014) “Three Maps and Three 
Misunderstandings : A Digital Mapping of Climate Diplomacy.” Big Data and Society, 2014, 1(1). 
Available at: http://medialab.sciences-po.fr/publications/misunderstandings/
Which countries intervene most in UN climate 
negotiations and how do these interventions 
evolve over time?
Graphing the number of interventions in the 
negotiations of the 21 most active countries 
based on daily summaries from the Earth 
Negotiations Bulletin (ENB)
Venturini, T., Baya-laffite, N., Cointet, J., Gray, I., Zabban, V., & De Pryck, K. (2014) “Three Maps and Three 
Misunderstandings : A Digital Mapping of Climate Diplomacy.” Big Data and Society, 2014, 1(1). 
Available at: http://medialab.sciences-po.fr/publications/misunderstandings/
Findings! 
Notable stability in presence and intervention 
of countries. 
Notable exceptions include Bolivia and 
Philippines who are becoming more prominent 
in recent negotiations. 
Most active are China (representing G77), 
United States and Europe. 
Countries tend to be more active when they 
host the negotiations.
Venturini, T., Baya-laffite, N., Cointet, J., Gray, I., Zabban, V., & De Pryck, K. (2014) “Three Maps and Three 
Misunderstandings : A Digital Mapping of Climate Diplomacy.” Big Data and Society, 2014, 1(1). 
Available at: http://medialab.sciences-po.fr/publications/misunderstandings/
Wired Italia (2014) “Cambiamenti del clima: 20 anni di conferenze”. March 2014. No. 60.
Wired Italia (2014) “Cambiamenti del clima: 20 anni di conferenze”. March 2014. No. 60.
Wired Italia (2014) “Cambiamenti del clima: 20 anni di conferenze”. March 2014. No. 60.
Wired Italia (2014) “Beautiful Information, in mostra le migliori infografiche di Wired”. 
Available at: http://www.wired.it/attualita/media/2014/03/04/beautiful-information-infografiche-wired/
Wired Italia (2014) “Beautiful Information, in mostra le migliori infografiche di Wired”. 
Available at: http://www.wired.it/attualita/media/2014/03/04/beautiful-information-infografiche-wired/
Example #2:! 
mapping the rise of the far right 
in Europe with the web and 
social media
The Guardian (2013) “The rise of far right parties across Europe is a chilling echo of the 1930s”. 
Available at: http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/nov/15/far-right-threat-europe-integration
Huffington Post (2014) “Sudden Rise of Far Right Groups in EU Parliament Rings Alarm Bells Across 
Europe”. Available at: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/elinadav-heymann/sudden-rise-of-far-right- 
_b_5512961.html
New York Times (2014) “Populist Party Gaining Muscle to Push Britain to the Right”. 
Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/08/world/europe/populist-party-gaining-muscle-to-push-britain- 
to-the-right.html
What are the recruitment methods 
of far right groups?
Are current recruitment counter-measures 
proving effective?
What kinds of issues are most active 
amongst far right groups?
How are far right extremist groups connected 
to populist right and other right wing groups?
Profiles for 13 European countries.
1. List of links per country 
2. Analyse links between them 
3. Study issues and actors
Findings 
New issues (e.g. environment, anti-globalisation 
and rights), principles and 
recruitment techniques. 
Counter-measures are outdated. 
! 
Islamophobia is located primarily in the North.
Greece: blood and soil and organic markets
Rogers, R. et al (2013) “Right-Wing Formations in Europe and Their Counter-Measures: An Online 
Mapping”. Digital Methods Initiative. https://wiki.digitalmethods.net/Dmi/RightWingPopulismStudy
Hungary: horse and yurt recruitment festivals
Rogers, R. et al (2013) “Right-Wing Formations in Europe and Their Counter-Measures: An Online 
Mapping”. Digital Methods Initiative. https://wiki.digitalmethods.net/Dmi/RightWingPopulismStudy
Taking back the yurt?
Counter-Jihadist groups on social media
The Guardian (2012) “Far-right anti-Muslim network on rise globally as Breivik trial opens”. 
Available at: http://www.theguardian.com/world/2012/apr/14/breivik-trial-norway-mass-murderer
Hope Not Hate (2012) “Counter-Jihad Report”. 
Available at: http://www.hopenothate.org.uk/counter-jihad/
Are different Counter-Jihadist groups in 
Europe connected? If so how?
Digital Methods Initiative. “Counter-Jihadist Networks: Mapping 
the Connections Between Facebook Groups in Europe.”
Digital Methods Initiative. “Counter-Jihadist Networks: Mapping 
the Connections Between Facebook Groups in Europe.”
Findings 
Facebook is an important medium for extremist 
groups. 
! 
Three main clusters based on geographical 
proximity. 
! 
European Counter-Jihadist groups are networked 
and transnational.
Digital Methods Initiative. “Counter-Jihadist Networks: Mapping 
the Connections Between Facebook Groups in Europe.”
Who are the new leaders?
Findings! 
! 
Offline leaders are active on Facebook. 
! 
There are also new emerging online leaders. 
! 
New technique for identifying online leaders.
Example #3:! 
who’s talking about health 
worker migration?
“care drain”
Mills et al (2008). “Should active recruitment of health workers from ! 
sub-Saharan Africa be viewed as a crime?”. Lancet 2008; 371: 685–88.
The Guardian (2011). “Assessing the cause and effect of health worker migration”.! 
Available at: http://www.theguardian.com/global-health-workers/health-workers-move-from-area-of-origin
“Health worker migration is a big issue – in 
2005, it was widely reported that there were 
more Malawian doctors in Manchester than 
Malawi. Now, it seems, there are more Ethiopian 
doctors in Chicago than in Ethiopia.” 
– Sue George, “Assessing the cause and effect of health 
worker migration”, The Guardian, 18th January 2011.
“[a 2010 global code of practice] sets out 
guiding principles and voluntary international 
standards for recruitment of health workers, to 
increase the consistency of national policies 
and discourage unethical practices” 
– Sue George, “Assessing the cause and effect of health 
worker migration”, The Guardian, 18th January 2011.
Which actors in the UK health sector are 
talking about the migration of health workers?
Rogers, R., Sanchez Querubin, N. & Kril, A. (2015) Ageing Places: A Digital Issue Mapping. 
Amsterdam: University of Amsterdam Press.
Findings for UK! 
Notable difference between sectors. 
Most vocal are government and academia. 
Less discussion amongst healthcare NGOs. 
Next to no discussion in private sector.
Who is recruiting Polish health workers?
Findings for Poland! 
! 
Demand for Polish care workers greater 
outside country than within. 
! 
Based on recruitment postings, Poland looks 
to be susceptible to care drain.
Rogers, R., Sanchez Querubin, N. & Kril, A. (2015) Ageing Places: A Digital Issue Mapping. 
Amsterdam: University of Amsterdam Press.
Digital tools and methods
Digital Methods Initiative (2014) DMI Tools.! 
Available at: http://tools.digitalmethods.net
Sciences Po Media Lab (2014) “Tools we develop and tools we use”! 
Available at: http://tools.medialab.sciences-po.fr/
“Netvizz is a tool that extracts data from 
different sections of the Facebook platform 
(personal profile, groups, pages) for research 
purposes.”
Rieder, B. (2013). Studying Facebook via data extraction: the Netvizz application. In WebSci '13 
Proceedings of the 5th Annual ACM Web Science Conference (pp. 346-355). New York: ACM.
Netvizz: https://tools.digitalmethods.net/netvizz/facebook/netvizz/
“The Twitter Capture and Analysis Toolset 
(DMI-TCAT) captures tweets and allows for 
multiple analyses (hashtags, mentions, users, 
search, ...).”
Borra, E. & Rieder, B. (2014) “Programmed method: developing a toolset for capturing and analyzing 
tweets”. Aslib Journal of Information Management. Vol. 66 No. 3: 262-278.
TCAT: https://wiki.digitalmethods.net/Dmi/ToolDmiTcat
TCAT: https://wiki.digitalmethods.net/Dmi/ToolDmiTcat
“The Issue Crawler is web network location 
and visualisation software. It consists of 
crawlers, analysis engines and visualisation 
modules.”
“A software tool that locates and visualizes 
networks on the web”
Issue Crawler: https://wiki.digitalmethods.net/Dmi/ToolIssueCrawler
“Gephi is an interactive visualization and 
exploration platform for all kinds of networks 
and complex systems, dynamic and 
hierarchical graphs.”
Gephi: http://gephi.org
Which of these techniques might 
be of interest in journalism?
i. Co-occurrence analysis to identify themes 
! 
ii. Network analysis to identify actors and 
sources 
! 
iii. Hyperlink analysis to explore “politics of 
association” 
! 
iv. Resonance analysis to identify source 
partisanship
social 
science 
researchers 
leading! 
digital! 
newsrooms 
new ways of 
covering 
complex issues 
+ =
Emerging practises and epistemologies 
of data journalism
Geeks vs. pundits: ! 
The clash of two epistemological cultures
"Nate Silver says this is a 73.6 percent chance that the president 
is going to win? Nobody in that campaign thinks they have a 73 
percent chance — they think they have a 50.1 percent chance of 
winning. And you talk to the Romney people, it’s the same thing. . 
. . Anybody that thinks that this race is anything but a toss-up 
right now is such an ideologue, they should be kept away from 
typewriters, computers, laptops and microphones for the next 10 
days, because they're jokes." (Joe Scarborough, MSNBC, 2012)
“I am Nate Silver, the Lord and God of the Algorithm!” (Jon 
Stewart, 2012)
The life of data in the newsroom
“Objects, too, have agency” 
– Bruno Latour, Reassembling the Social: 
An Introduction to Actor-Network Theory (2005)
What journalistic practices, values and 
visions are articulated around the use of 
data as raw material for reporting? 
How are traditional journalistic practices, 
values and norms, transformed?
The politics of quantitative 
methods in the newsroom
Where do journalists’ attachments to 
particular forms of quantitative analysis 
come from? 
How are these commitments articulated? 
How do they shape the process of 
knowledge production and its outcomes? 
What quantitative methods are being left 
out? (the question of alternative histories)
Rieder, B (2013) “Interactive visualization and exploration of network data with Gephi”. Presentation from 
DMI Summer School. Available at: http://www.slideshare.net/digitalmethods/gephi-rieder-23834788
social 
science 
researchers 
leading 
digital 
newsrooms 
new ways of! 
covering! 
complex issues 
+ =
How might digital and tools methods for 
issue mapping be used in journalism to 
improve coverage of complex issues?
Opportunities and challenges
Paper for Tow Center for 
Digital Journalism
Interviews and discussions with journalists in 
Europe and US about issue mapping and 
digital tools and methods
Some preliminary findings and reflections…
Some different potential uses of digital methods in journalism: 
! 
• Story discovery (news desk/projects) 
• Internal reference resource (news desk/projects) 
• Preparation for live coverage (news desk/projects) 
• Quick/easy tools for journalists (news desk/projects) 
• Presentational device (interactive/graphics) 
• Interactive news “toys” for exploration (interactive)
Some challenges to using digital methods in journalism: 
! 
• Time, resource and budget constraints 
• Resistance to change in (especially bigger) newsrooms, 
hard to introduce new tools/methods 
• Social scientists often want to capture complexity, 
journalists often want to simplify 
• Tension between traditional journalistic values (recency, 
human interest, etc) and research values 
• Rendering complexity readable and accessible to broader 
publics - not just issue experts/researchers 
• Keeping interactive projects about current events up to 
date 
• Not just tool provision, but also training 
• Transparency of tools and interpretation of results 
• Some of tools are complex to install and no web version 
available 
• Speed of using tools as events unfold 
• Efficiency of these methods compared to others 
• Hard to find stories in data
Some opportunities for using of digital methods in journalism: 
! 
• Interest in using tools from interactive teams 
• More newsrooms have been experimenting with related 
approaches, still at very early stage 
• Potential for researchers working with journalists (rather 
than issue experts) to help with selection, filtering, framing 
and narration 
• Introducing robust methodology around use of social 
media data in newsrooms 
• Identifying human sources for interviews. 
• New forms of analysis and verification of sources. 
• Hyperlink analysis and web data currently very rarely used 
in journalism 
• Low uptake of text-mining and scientometrics tools and 
methods 
• Input/feedback from journalists could feed into existing 
software development 
• New web versions of existing tools (e.g. Gephi) 
• Using social media and web as data, not just content (to 
look at relationships and interactions)
Next steps: 
• Preliminary report for Tow Center 
• Embedded experiments in newsrooms 
• Pilot around Paris 2015 climate negotiations 
• Toolkit and handbook for journalists
Thank You! 
Liliana Bounegru | lilianabounegru.org | @bb_liliana 
Jonathan Gray | jonathangray.org | @jwyg 
Sciences Po médialab 
http://www.medialab.sciences-po.fr/ 
! 
Sciences Po médialab - Tools 
http://tools.medialab.sciences-po.fr/ 
Digital Methods Initiative 
https://digitalmethods.net 
Digital Methods Initiative - Tools 
https://tools.digitalmethods.net

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Digital Issue Mapping

  • 1. An epistemological experiment: issue mapping, data journalism and the public understanding of complex issues 27th October 2014, Utrecht Data School, Utrecht University Liliana Bounegru | lilianabounegru.org | @bb_liliana! Jonathan Gray | jonathangray.org | @jwyg
  • 2. Gray, J., Bounegru, L. & Chambers, L. (2012) The Data Journalism Handbook.! Available at: http://datajournalismhandbook.org/
  • 3. Rogers, R. (2013) Digital Methods. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • 5. social science researchers leading digital newsrooms new ways of covering complex issues + =
  • 6. social science! researchers leading digital newsrooms new ways of covering complex issues + =
  • 7. Using digital traces to study the social: actor-network theory, issue mapping, digital methods
  • 8. “[T]here is nothing specific to social order; (…) there is no social dimension of any sort, no social ‘context’, no distinct domain of reality to which the label ‘social’ or ‘society’ could be attributed; (…) no ‘social force’ is available to ‘explain’ the residual features other domains cannot account for (…) and (…) society, far from being the context ‘in which’ everything is framed, should rather be constructed as one of the many connecting elements circulating in tiny conduits” – Bruno Latour, Reassembling the Social: An Introduction to Actor-Network Theory (2005)
  • 9. “The social is visible only by the traces it leaves..” – Bruno Latour, Reassembling the Social: An Introduction to Actor-Network Theory (2005)
  • 10. “The interest of electronic media lies in the fact that every interaction that passes through them leaves traces..” – Bruno Latour & Tommaso Venturini, “The Social Fabric: Digital Traces and Quali-quantitative Methods” (2009)
  • 11. Digital methods are “methods of the medium” designed to repurpose digital objects such as tags, likes, links and hashtags to study issues. – Digital Methods Initiative, University of Amsterdam
  • 12. Three examples:! 1. climate change negotiations! 2. rise of the far right in Europe! 3. health worker migration
  • 13. Example #1:! mapping dominant topics and countries in UN climate negotiations
  • 14. EMAPS (2014) “Climaps: A Global Issue Atlas of Climate Change Adaptation”! Available at: http://climaps.org/
  • 16. “In what seems like a flash, the climate-change debate has lurched from talk of mitigation to one of adaptation.” – Leo Hickman, “Can carbon offsetting ever be truly green?”, The Guardian, 3rd September 2008.
  • 17. The Atlantic (2014) “The UN's New Focus: Surviving, Not Stopping, Climate Change”. Available at: http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2014/04/the-uns-new-focus-surviving-not-stopping- climate-change/359929/
  • 18. Can the shift from mitigation to adaptation be observed in the UNFCCC negotiations?
  • 19. Venturini, T., Baya-laffite, N., Cointet, J., Gray, I., Zabban, V., & De Pryck, K. (2014) “Three Maps and Three Misunderstandings : A Digital Mapping of Climate Diplomacy.” Big Data and Society, 2014, 1(1). Available at: http://medialab.sciences-po.fr/publications/misunderstandings/
  • 20. Findings! Mitigation is more dominant - the majority of the clusters are about mitigation. Mitigation is much more diverse and distributed. Adaptation is a much more tightly clustered topic and highly connected to other topics.
  • 21. Venturini, T., Baya-laffite, N., Cointet, J., Gray, I., Zabban, V., & De Pryck, K. (2014) “Three Maps and Three Misunderstandings : A Digital Mapping of Climate Diplomacy.” Big Data and Society, 2014, 1(1). Available at: http://medialab.sciences-po.fr/publications/misunderstandings/
  • 22. Venturini, T., Baya-laffite, N., Cointet, J., Gray, I., Zabban, V., & De Pryck, K. (2014) “Three Maps and Three Misunderstandings : A Digital Mapping of Climate Diplomacy.” Big Data and Society, 2014, 1(1). Available at: http://medialab.sciences-po.fr/publications/misunderstandings/
  • 23. Findings! Both adaptation and mitigation are highly visible in negotiations. Adaptation financing has been central to climate negotiations from the outset. There is a noticeable shift towards adaptation during the period we examined.
  • 24. Venturini, T., Baya-laffite, N., Cointet, J., Gray, I., Zabban, V., & De Pryck, K. (2014) “Three Maps and Three Misunderstandings : A Digital Mapping of Climate Diplomacy.” Big Data and Society, 2014, 1(1). Available at: http://medialab.sciences-po.fr/publications/misunderstandings/
  • 25. Which countries intervene most in UN climate negotiations and how do these interventions evolve over time?
  • 26. Graphing the number of interventions in the negotiations of the 21 most active countries based on daily summaries from the Earth Negotiations Bulletin (ENB)
  • 27. Venturini, T., Baya-laffite, N., Cointet, J., Gray, I., Zabban, V., & De Pryck, K. (2014) “Three Maps and Three Misunderstandings : A Digital Mapping of Climate Diplomacy.” Big Data and Society, 2014, 1(1). Available at: http://medialab.sciences-po.fr/publications/misunderstandings/
  • 28. Findings! Notable stability in presence and intervention of countries. Notable exceptions include Bolivia and Philippines who are becoming more prominent in recent negotiations. Most active are China (representing G77), United States and Europe. Countries tend to be more active when they host the negotiations.
  • 29. Venturini, T., Baya-laffite, N., Cointet, J., Gray, I., Zabban, V., & De Pryck, K. (2014) “Three Maps and Three Misunderstandings : A Digital Mapping of Climate Diplomacy.” Big Data and Society, 2014, 1(1). Available at: http://medialab.sciences-po.fr/publications/misunderstandings/
  • 30. Wired Italia (2014) “Cambiamenti del clima: 20 anni di conferenze”. March 2014. No. 60.
  • 31. Wired Italia (2014) “Cambiamenti del clima: 20 anni di conferenze”. March 2014. No. 60.
  • 32. Wired Italia (2014) “Cambiamenti del clima: 20 anni di conferenze”. March 2014. No. 60.
  • 33. Wired Italia (2014) “Beautiful Information, in mostra le migliori infografiche di Wired”. Available at: http://www.wired.it/attualita/media/2014/03/04/beautiful-information-infografiche-wired/
  • 34. Wired Italia (2014) “Beautiful Information, in mostra le migliori infografiche di Wired”. Available at: http://www.wired.it/attualita/media/2014/03/04/beautiful-information-infografiche-wired/
  • 35. Example #2:! mapping the rise of the far right in Europe with the web and social media
  • 36. The Guardian (2013) “The rise of far right parties across Europe is a chilling echo of the 1930s”. Available at: http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/nov/15/far-right-threat-europe-integration
  • 37. Huffington Post (2014) “Sudden Rise of Far Right Groups in EU Parliament Rings Alarm Bells Across Europe”. Available at: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/elinadav-heymann/sudden-rise-of-far-right- _b_5512961.html
  • 38. New York Times (2014) “Populist Party Gaining Muscle to Push Britain to the Right”. Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/08/world/europe/populist-party-gaining-muscle-to-push-britain- to-the-right.html
  • 39. What are the recruitment methods of far right groups?
  • 40. Are current recruitment counter-measures proving effective?
  • 41. What kinds of issues are most active amongst far right groups?
  • 42. How are far right extremist groups connected to populist right and other right wing groups?
  • 43. Profiles for 13 European countries.
  • 44. 1. List of links per country 2. Analyse links between them 3. Study issues and actors
  • 45. Findings New issues (e.g. environment, anti-globalisation and rights), principles and recruitment techniques. Counter-measures are outdated. ! Islamophobia is located primarily in the North.
  • 46. Greece: blood and soil and organic markets
  • 47. Rogers, R. et al (2013) “Right-Wing Formations in Europe and Their Counter-Measures: An Online Mapping”. Digital Methods Initiative. https://wiki.digitalmethods.net/Dmi/RightWingPopulismStudy
  • 48.
  • 49. Hungary: horse and yurt recruitment festivals
  • 50. Rogers, R. et al (2013) “Right-Wing Formations in Europe and Their Counter-Measures: An Online Mapping”. Digital Methods Initiative. https://wiki.digitalmethods.net/Dmi/RightWingPopulismStudy
  • 51.
  • 54. The Guardian (2012) “Far-right anti-Muslim network on rise globally as Breivik trial opens”. Available at: http://www.theguardian.com/world/2012/apr/14/breivik-trial-norway-mass-murderer
  • 55. Hope Not Hate (2012) “Counter-Jihad Report”. Available at: http://www.hopenothate.org.uk/counter-jihad/
  • 56. Are different Counter-Jihadist groups in Europe connected? If so how?
  • 57. Digital Methods Initiative. “Counter-Jihadist Networks: Mapping the Connections Between Facebook Groups in Europe.”
  • 58. Digital Methods Initiative. “Counter-Jihadist Networks: Mapping the Connections Between Facebook Groups in Europe.”
  • 59. Findings Facebook is an important medium for extremist groups. ! Three main clusters based on geographical proximity. ! European Counter-Jihadist groups are networked and transnational.
  • 60. Digital Methods Initiative. “Counter-Jihadist Networks: Mapping the Connections Between Facebook Groups in Europe.”
  • 61. Who are the new leaders?
  • 62.
  • 63. Findings! ! Offline leaders are active on Facebook. ! There are also new emerging online leaders. ! New technique for identifying online leaders.
  • 64. Example #3:! who’s talking about health worker migration?
  • 66. Mills et al (2008). “Should active recruitment of health workers from ! sub-Saharan Africa be viewed as a crime?”. Lancet 2008; 371: 685–88.
  • 67. The Guardian (2011). “Assessing the cause and effect of health worker migration”.! Available at: http://www.theguardian.com/global-health-workers/health-workers-move-from-area-of-origin
  • 68. “Health worker migration is a big issue – in 2005, it was widely reported that there were more Malawian doctors in Manchester than Malawi. Now, it seems, there are more Ethiopian doctors in Chicago than in Ethiopia.” – Sue George, “Assessing the cause and effect of health worker migration”, The Guardian, 18th January 2011.
  • 69. “[a 2010 global code of practice] sets out guiding principles and voluntary international standards for recruitment of health workers, to increase the consistency of national policies and discourage unethical practices” – Sue George, “Assessing the cause and effect of health worker migration”, The Guardian, 18th January 2011.
  • 70. Which actors in the UK health sector are talking about the migration of health workers?
  • 71. Rogers, R., Sanchez Querubin, N. & Kril, A. (2015) Ageing Places: A Digital Issue Mapping. Amsterdam: University of Amsterdam Press.
  • 72. Findings for UK! Notable difference between sectors. Most vocal are government and academia. Less discussion amongst healthcare NGOs. Next to no discussion in private sector.
  • 73. Who is recruiting Polish health workers?
  • 74. Findings for Poland! ! Demand for Polish care workers greater outside country than within. ! Based on recruitment postings, Poland looks to be susceptible to care drain.
  • 75. Rogers, R., Sanchez Querubin, N. & Kril, A. (2015) Ageing Places: A Digital Issue Mapping. Amsterdam: University of Amsterdam Press.
  • 76. Digital tools and methods
  • 77. Digital Methods Initiative (2014) DMI Tools.! Available at: http://tools.digitalmethods.net
  • 78. Sciences Po Media Lab (2014) “Tools we develop and tools we use”! Available at: http://tools.medialab.sciences-po.fr/
  • 79. “Netvizz is a tool that extracts data from different sections of the Facebook platform (personal profile, groups, pages) for research purposes.”
  • 80. Rieder, B. (2013). Studying Facebook via data extraction: the Netvizz application. In WebSci '13 Proceedings of the 5th Annual ACM Web Science Conference (pp. 346-355). New York: ACM.
  • 82. “The Twitter Capture and Analysis Toolset (DMI-TCAT) captures tweets and allows for multiple analyses (hashtags, mentions, users, search, ...).”
  • 83. Borra, E. & Rieder, B. (2014) “Programmed method: developing a toolset for capturing and analyzing tweets”. Aslib Journal of Information Management. Vol. 66 No. 3: 262-278.
  • 86. “The Issue Crawler is web network location and visualisation software. It consists of crawlers, analysis engines and visualisation modules.”
  • 87. “A software tool that locates and visualizes networks on the web”
  • 89. “Gephi is an interactive visualization and exploration platform for all kinds of networks and complex systems, dynamic and hierarchical graphs.”
  • 91. Which of these techniques might be of interest in journalism?
  • 92. i. Co-occurrence analysis to identify themes ! ii. Network analysis to identify actors and sources ! iii. Hyperlink analysis to explore “politics of association” ! iv. Resonance analysis to identify source partisanship
  • 93. social science researchers leading! digital! newsrooms new ways of covering complex issues + =
  • 94. Emerging practises and epistemologies of data journalism
  • 95. Geeks vs. pundits: ! The clash of two epistemological cultures
  • 96. "Nate Silver says this is a 73.6 percent chance that the president is going to win? Nobody in that campaign thinks they have a 73 percent chance — they think they have a 50.1 percent chance of winning. And you talk to the Romney people, it’s the same thing. . . . Anybody that thinks that this race is anything but a toss-up right now is such an ideologue, they should be kept away from typewriters, computers, laptops and microphones for the next 10 days, because they're jokes." (Joe Scarborough, MSNBC, 2012)
  • 97. “I am Nate Silver, the Lord and God of the Algorithm!” (Jon Stewart, 2012)
  • 98. The life of data in the newsroom
  • 99. “Objects, too, have agency” – Bruno Latour, Reassembling the Social: An Introduction to Actor-Network Theory (2005)
  • 100. What journalistic practices, values and visions are articulated around the use of data as raw material for reporting? How are traditional journalistic practices, values and norms, transformed?
  • 101. The politics of quantitative methods in the newsroom
  • 102. Where do journalists’ attachments to particular forms of quantitative analysis come from? How are these commitments articulated? How do they shape the process of knowledge production and its outcomes? What quantitative methods are being left out? (the question of alternative histories)
  • 103. Rieder, B (2013) “Interactive visualization and exploration of network data with Gephi”. Presentation from DMI Summer School. Available at: http://www.slideshare.net/digitalmethods/gephi-rieder-23834788
  • 104. social science researchers leading digital newsrooms new ways of! covering! complex issues + =
  • 105. How might digital and tools methods for issue mapping be used in journalism to improve coverage of complex issues?
  • 107. Paper for Tow Center for Digital Journalism
  • 108. Interviews and discussions with journalists in Europe and US about issue mapping and digital tools and methods
  • 109.
  • 110. Some preliminary findings and reflections…
  • 111. Some different potential uses of digital methods in journalism: ! • Story discovery (news desk/projects) • Internal reference resource (news desk/projects) • Preparation for live coverage (news desk/projects) • Quick/easy tools for journalists (news desk/projects) • Presentational device (interactive/graphics) • Interactive news “toys” for exploration (interactive)
  • 112. Some challenges to using digital methods in journalism: ! • Time, resource and budget constraints • Resistance to change in (especially bigger) newsrooms, hard to introduce new tools/methods • Social scientists often want to capture complexity, journalists often want to simplify • Tension between traditional journalistic values (recency, human interest, etc) and research values • Rendering complexity readable and accessible to broader publics - not just issue experts/researchers • Keeping interactive projects about current events up to date • Not just tool provision, but also training • Transparency of tools and interpretation of results • Some of tools are complex to install and no web version available • Speed of using tools as events unfold • Efficiency of these methods compared to others • Hard to find stories in data
  • 113. Some opportunities for using of digital methods in journalism: ! • Interest in using tools from interactive teams • More newsrooms have been experimenting with related approaches, still at very early stage • Potential for researchers working with journalists (rather than issue experts) to help with selection, filtering, framing and narration • Introducing robust methodology around use of social media data in newsrooms • Identifying human sources for interviews. • New forms of analysis and verification of sources. • Hyperlink analysis and web data currently very rarely used in journalism • Low uptake of text-mining and scientometrics tools and methods • Input/feedback from journalists could feed into existing software development • New web versions of existing tools (e.g. Gephi) • Using social media and web as data, not just content (to look at relationships and interactions)
  • 114. Next steps: • Preliminary report for Tow Center • Embedded experiments in newsrooms • Pilot around Paris 2015 climate negotiations • Toolkit and handbook for journalists
  • 115. Thank You! Liliana Bounegru | lilianabounegru.org | @bb_liliana Jonathan Gray | jonathangray.org | @jwyg Sciences Po médialab http://www.medialab.sciences-po.fr/ ! Sciences Po médialab - Tools http://tools.medialab.sciences-po.fr/ Digital Methods Initiative https://digitalmethods.net Digital Methods Initiative - Tools https://tools.digitalmethods.net