Moore/1Jason MooreSLIS 5223Spring 2013Metadata Quality Evaluation:UTEP Librarys Casasola Photograph Collection1. About the...
Moore/2provides support for a range of metadata content, encoding, and transmission standards including Unicode,Z39.50, VR...
Moore/3The metadata scheme used in the collection is locally defined and not strictly standards-based. It is howevercompat...
Moore/4training in metadata standards outside of those used in traditional library cataloging, the decision to bypassstand...
Moore/5the availability of staff that are familiar and comfortable with this standard (Rivers, Personal Interview, 2013).2...
Moore/6AccuracyThis collection meets the minimum requirement of accuracy as defined by Bruce & Hillmann, in that allinform...
Moore/7the UTEP Library Special Collections department have shown themselves to be dedicated and perseverantregarding the ...
Moore/8ReferencesBruce, Thomas R., Hillman, Diane I. (2004). The continuum of metadata quality: defining,expressing, explo...
Moore/9AppendixFull sample of metadata records analyzed-- exported directly from CONTENTdm as XMLencoded Dublin Core recor...
Moore/10El Paso Library</dc:source><dc:rights>The C. L. Sonnichsen Special Collections Department - University of Texas at...
Moore/11<dc:date>19632001</dc:date><dc:format>250 x 400 pixels, 72dpi, jpegWindows 2k, Microtek Scanmaker 9600XL1&quot; x ...
Moore/12<rdf:Description about="http://server15823.contentdm.oclc.org/u?/p15823coll2,435"><dc:title>Elma Cervantes</dc:tit...
Moore/132&quot; x 3&quot; Negative Nitrate</dc:format>RECORD 11:<dc:identifier>PH041-02-00009</dc:identifier><dc:source>Th...
Moore/14<dc:date>19402001</dc:date>RECORD 14:<dc:description>See also PH041-03-00157</dc:description><dc:date>2001</dc:dat...
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Metadata Quality Evaluation: UTEP Library's Casasola Photograph Collection

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Detailed analysis of the metadata for the UTEP Library's digital image collection of photographs from the Casasola Photography Studio.

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Metadata Quality Evaluation: UTEP Library's Casasola Photograph Collection

  1. 1. Moore/1Jason MooreSLIS 5223Spring 2013Metadata Quality Evaluation:UTEP Librarys Casasola Photograph Collection1. About the CollectionThe UTEP Library Casasola Photograph Collection consists of digitally scanned photographic prints andnegatives originally taken at the Casasola Photography Studio in El Paso, Texas. The studio was in operationfrom the 1920s through the 1990s and was owned and operated by local photographer, Alfonso Casasola. Whenthe studio closed in 1992, the contractors tasked with cleaning out the space found several boxes full ofneglected prints and negatives spanning several decades of the studios operation. The boxes were taken to apawn shop and subsequently purchased by a local artist, who sold them to the UTEP Library (Simon, 2008). Theinitial collection consisted of 50,000 physical items, many of which are of unknown subjects. As of 2013, 2500 ofthese items have been digitized and made available to the public across two separate repositories.The bulk of the collection is currently stored in UTEPs digital repository DigitalCommons@UTEP. Most of thesephotos have not yet been identified. Since 2002, the El Paso Times has been assisting the university in theprocess of identification by publishing one photograph weekly, allowing the public to provide information. Aselection of these identified photos have been migrated to the librarys new image database by utilizing OCLCsCONTENTdm product. This report will focus on the latter collection, since it contains the most completemetadata currently available. This collection currently only contains 344 items, but as the migration process isstill currently underway, more are added regularly. These items are divided into the following categories forbrowsing purposes: Niños (children), Damas (women), Señores (men), Grupos (groups), Soldados (soldiers),Graduados (graduates), Primeras Comuniones (first communion), Bodas (brides), Pasaportes (passport photos),Varios y Copias (miscellaneous).The collection is intended to serve as both a publicly available historical archive as well as a research tool forteachers, genealogists and researchers in the fields of history, art, and anthropology-- among others (Rivers,Personal Interview, 2013). The items in this collection have also been the basis of two public exhibitions andhave served the needs of local journalists who have used some of the images to illustrate stories on immigrationhistory (Renteria, 2011). This photograph collection along with the other image collections stored in UTEPsCONTENTdm database provide a near-complete visual history of El Paso and the rest of the Trans-Pecosregion.Claudia Rivers, head of the C.L. Sonnichsen Special Collections Department at UTEP Library, currentlyadministers the collection along with UTEP Library Manuscripts Librarian and Archivist, Laura Hollingsed.Interdepartmental discussions are currently underway concerning broad metadata enhancements and increasedincorporation of all local digital collections into the primary OPAC. (Rivers, Personal Interview, 2013).2.1. Metadata ApplicationSoftwareThis collection, along with the other UTEP Library image collections, are stored, managed, and delivered byOCLCs CONTENTdm system. This digital collection tool provides a framework for digital objects and theirassociated metadata to be prepared and loaded in large batches. It also supplies a server, a configurable public-facing web interface, and a self-service tool for uploading metadata to WorldCat (OCLC). The system also
  2. 2. Moore/2provides support for a range of metadata content, encoding, and transmission standards including Unicode,Z39.50, VRA, XML, and METS/ALTO. The system also allows for open harvesting of metadata records throughOAI-PHM (Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting). The flexibility and scalability of the systemprovide a hearty framework for rich indexing metadata and interoperability. The UTEP Library has plansunderway to enrich current metadata to optimize search-ability by taking advantage of various CONTENTdmfeatures that are currently unused.Metadata Format and StructureAll of the elements present in the metadata records for this collection are locally defined but compatible withSimple Dublin Core analogues. Most of the metadata for the collection is descriptive, though there are someexamples of administrative and preservation metadata in most of the records. The descriptive-- locally defined--elements are as follows: Name(s), Creator, Category, Date of original, and Comments. The Administrative andPreservation-related fields are: Identifier, Date digital, Format use, Format creation, Format original, Rights,Relation, and Holdings. It should be noted that not all of these elements are used in the current batch of records.See Table 1 for an overview of the locally defined elements and their Simple DC equivalents:All records for the collection are at the item level. There are some collection-level records for the imagecollections available in the librarys OPAC but these are not currently represented in any way within therepositories themselves. The collection-level records that do exist are created according to traditional librarycataloging procedures and, as such utilize AACR2 for their content and are encoded in MARC21. Currently, nosuch collection-level record exists for the Casasola Photograph Collection. As such, this report will focus on onlythe item-level records for analysis rather than any of the collection-level records for other collections.
  3. 3. Moore/3The metadata scheme used in the collection is locally defined and not strictly standards-based. It is howevercompatible with Simple Dublin Core and metadata crosswalks have been established to map all locally definedCONTENTdm fields to their analogous Simple Dublin Core elements that can be exported in various encodingschemes including XML and SGML. As the UTEP Library currently has no librarians on staff with extensiveFigure 1: Example of Collection-Level Metadata Record for an AnalogousImage CollectionFigure 2: Example of Public-Facing Item-Level Metadata Record
  4. 4. Moore/4training in metadata standards outside of those used in traditional library cataloging, the decision to bypassstandards was not necessarily made intentionally, but rather out of necessity (Rivers, Personal Interview, 2013).Many of the initial records were also created by students when the decision was made to digitize the collection. Adepartment outside of the library was responsible for this effort and was, at the time, creating a database ofhistorical images for the university. These students were given no specific details on how to record metadata forthe items and were left to make many decisions on their own. This resulted in wildly differing records from item-to-item. Quite a bit of remediation has been done to standardize the records internally. There are plans to mapthe records over to Qualified Dublin Core at an indeterminate point in the future. (Rivers, Personal Interview,2013).The collection has 7 required fields: Identifier, Name(s), Creator, Category, Date digital, Rights, and Holdings.The rest of the fields are optional, as not all of the necessary information for them is currently available. Thesefields include: Date of original, Format use, Format creation, Format original, Relation, and Comments. As shownin Table 1, all of these fields map to Simple Dublin Core elements, though this is done without qualifiers.Definitions of Required FieldsThe Name(s) field, or Title in DC, denotes the name of the individual pictured in the photograph, uniformly. TheCreator field, a valid DC element, has the value “Casasola Studio” across the entire collection. Category, theonly field under the authority of a locally-defined controlled vocabulary, denotes one of the categories mentionedpreviously and equates to the DC subject element. Date digital equates to the Qualified Dublin Core element“date.modified.” This field contains the year in which the item was digitized, though it is not under the authority ofany specific date format standard. The Rights field, another valid DC element, has the value “The C. L.Sonnichsen Special Collections Department – University of Texas at El Paso Library” across the entire collection.The Holdings field, which equates roughly to the DC element Source, also has “The C. L. Sonnichsen SpecialCollections Department – University of Texas at El Paso Library” as its value, collection-wide.Definitions of Optional FieldsThe field, Date of original, represents the specific or estimated year in which the original photograph was taken.This field is analogous to the Qualified Dublin Core element “date.created.” The field, Format use, is a hybrid ofthe input values for the Qualified Dublin Core elements “format.extent” and “format.medium” an example valuefor this field is “250 x 400 pixels, 72dpi, jpeg,” this includes the optical size of the image (in pixels), its resolution(in digital pixels per inch), and the file type/extension. Format creation, which could also be represented by theQualified DC element “format.medium,” expresses the equipment used for digitization. An example value for thisfield is: “Windows 2k, Microtek Scanmaker 9600XL.” Format original can also be expressed by the Qualified DCelement “format.medium,” as it expresses the original format of the item, pre-digitization. An example value forthis field is “Negative Nitrate.” The valid DC element Relation is available as an optional field, though no recordswere found to contain this field. The Comments field can be expressed by the DC element Description.Controlled VocabulariesThe only controlled vocabulary currently in-use for the collection governs the Category field. This controlledvocabulary is locally-defined and repository-specific. It is not, in any way, derived from an existing controlledvocabulary of subject headings. The possible values for this field are the categories previously mentioned:Niños, Damas, Señores, Grupos, Soldados, Graduados, Primeras Comuniones, Bodas, Pasaportes, and Variosy Copias. There are plans to review and update records across all image collections to make use of LCSHapproved lists at some point but, so far no work has been completed on this project (Rivers, Personal Interview,2013).HarvestingThe Casasola Photograph Collection does not currently have harvesting via the Open Archives Initiative Protocolenabled. There are, however, plans to utilize this function of CONTENTdm in the future. There are issues with
  5. 5. Moore/5the availability of staff that are familiar and comfortable with this standard (Rivers, Personal Interview, 2013).2.2. Metadata Quality EvaluationSampling MethodA sample of fifteen records was selected with the use of a random integer generator. The entire range ofmetadata record identifiers was exported from CONTENTdm as a Microsoft Excel Spreadsheet. The randomlygenerated integers, whos range matched the range of records, were then made to correspond to rows in thespreadsheet. The identifiers from each of these rows was used to retrieve their corresponding record. Sincethere appears to be no outstanding difference in record structure and content between the different categories,no effort was made to present an accurate subject cross-section of the collection.The evaluation criteria for this analysis was derived from Zeng & Qins book Metadata, Bruce & Hillmannsquality assessment frameworks from their article The Continuum of Metadata Quality: Defining, Expressing,Exploiting, and Greenbergs framework for image collections from the article A Quantitative Categorical Analysisof Metadata Elements in Image Applicable Metadata Schemas. These criteria include: Completeness, Accuracy,Consistency, and Conformance to Expectations (Bruce & Hillmann, 2004).CompletenessCompleteness of the metadata in this collection will be measured against Greenbergs framework, whichincludes the following sub-criteria: Discovery, Use, Authentication, and Administration. These criteria give a goodoverview of the effectiveness of the metadata as it applies to both users and administrators.Discovery- Good discovery metadata should “assist in the identification and retrieval of an object.” (Greenberg,2001). The metadata in this collection only moderately addresses discovery in that there are only three fields thatare currently indexed for searching. These fields include the following: Identifier, Category, and Comments. TheIdentifier field has a low probability of ever being utilized for retrieval by the end user and serves a purelyadministrative function. The Category field is useful for browsing but provides little detail in terms of recognizablesubject headings. The Comments field can be used for phrase searching but since it is not under the authority ofa controlled vocabulary, the accuracy of searching against this field is questionable.Use- Sufficient use metadata should determine for the user “the who, can, what, where, when, and how of objectuse.” (Greenberg, 2001). In other words, it should give the user a broad understanding of the various factorsgoverning the use of the item that is being described. This collection suffers from a lack of use metadata. Thereare no specific statements regarding system requirements or rights and restrictions. There is a Rights field, but itgoes no further than making a broad and vague copyright claim for the UTEP Library-- it doesnt include anythingregarding terms of use. Format related metadata is not sufficient across the collection. Some records include theextent and medium of the items format, but this isnt consistent.Authentication- There should be some metadata that provides information about an items “integrity, legitimacy,and overall genuine quality.” (Greenberg, 2001). The Holdings field, as well as the Rights field, make an attemptat addressing this issue. By stating that The C. L. Sonnichsen Special Collections Department of the UTEPLibrary is the source of both the item itself and its associated metadata, the institutional brand is utilized toprovide validation of the items authenticity. This, however could be more robust and specific.Administration- Metadata should support management and preservation functions (Greenberg, 2001). Thiscollection has only sparse administrative metadata. Some good, actionable preservation-related metadata isincluded in fields that are optional and are not widely used. Much of this is contained in the various Format fields.It could be helpful, from a preservation standpoint, to know the details how how and when an item was digitized.Very few records contain this information. There is no metadata regarding the provenance of items or how theywere acquired. There is also no metadata regarding any preservation actions that have already beenundertaken.
  6. 6. Moore/6AccuracyThis collection meets the minimum requirement of accuracy as defined by Bruce & Hillmann, in that allinformation provided is “correct and factual.” (Bruce & Hillmann, 2004). The records sampled for this evaluationappear to be free of typographical errors and the expression of personal names is uniform. There does appear tobe some lack of consistency in abbreviations and the lack of a specific standardized date format reduces thelevel of accuracy. The Date fields in the system only display the year, this could become problematic if a userrequired more detail regarding when an item was scanned.ConsistencyConsistency was analyzed based on the following criteria provided by Zeng & Qin: Consistent Data Recording,Consistent Source Links, Consistent Identification and Identifiers, and Consistent Description of Source. (Zeng &Qin, 2008).Consistency of data recording- Most of the metadata for this collection, especially the descriptive metadata,had to be interpreted by the creator. This has the possibility to lend itself to inconsistency, especially since onlyone field utilizes a controlled vocabulary. However, based on the analysis of the sample, most of the fieldsappear to be consistent. However, the fact that most of the administrative fields are applied unevenly across thecollection should count as a mark against its consistency. For example, some records have nearly all of thepossible fields (see record 14 in the Appendix) while others contained only the bare minimum (see record 4 inthe Appendix). Most of the input values are relatively short and concise and terminology appears consistentdespite this.Consistency of source links- Since the URLs and URIs are created automatically by the system, they appearto be uniformly consistent across the collection.Consistency of identification and identifiers- The identifiers for this collection were created locally. Theyappear to be consistently applied and in-sequence. There are no duplicate identifiers and they all appear toadhere to the locally-created scheme.Consistency of description- There appears to be very little consistency in this area. The only field thatcorresponds to the DC Description field is Comments. This field does not appear to be utilized in every recordand when it is, it is not used consistently. Some “See also” comments are utilized in this field that would havebeen better placed in a Relation field. They also vary widely in length and content.Conformance to ExpectationsIt is important for metadata to represent what is expected by the community-- both the local users of a system,and the information community at-large. The content standards chosen should “contain those elements that thecommunity would reasonably expect to find” (Bruce and Hillmann, 2004). This collection, in its failure to adhereto any specific metadata standard, does not conform to expectations. It would be beneficial to the collection if theadministrators would consider polling the community and working with the librarys cataloging department tostandardize these records and bring them into conformance with community norms. It would also be beneficial torefer to existing controlled vocabularies like the LCSH in order to bring more recognizable subject metadata tothe collection to maximize searching and retrieval.3. ConclusionThe metadata for the Casasola Photograph Collection is well suited for the basic intentions initially laid out, butmuch work needs to be done if the goal is to scale it into a proper digital library. Many problems were identified inevery criterion outlined in this report outside of accuracy of input values. The care shown to the physicalcollections preservation and to the actual digitization of the items is not reflected in the metadata. The staff at
  7. 7. Moore/7the UTEP Library Special Collections department have shown themselves to be dedicated and perseverantregarding the stewardship of this collection. If additional staff could be utilized to standardize and extend themetadata, there is no doubt that it would be done effectively.
  8. 8. Moore/8ReferencesBruce, Thomas R., Hillman, Diane I. (2004). The continuum of metadata quality: defining,expressing, exploiting. Metadata in Practice, 238-256.Greenberg, J. (2001). A quantitative categorical analysis of metadata elements in image-applicable metadata schemas. Journal Of The American Society For Information ScienceAnd Technology, 52(11), 917-924.OCLC. (2012). Contentdm. Retrieved from http://www.oclc.org/contentdm/.Renteria, R. (2011, February 22). The face of immigration: Exhibit beginning march 1 willshowcase vintage casasola photos. The El Paso Times. Retrieved fromhttp://www.elpasotimes.com/ci_17445279Rivers, Claudia. (2013, April 5). Personal Interview.Simon, S. (2008, October 22). In old el paso, this detective story is written in pictures. TheWall Street Journal. Retrieved from http://online.wsj.com/article/SB1224621208633555Zeng, M. L., & Qin, J. (2008). Metadata. New York, NY: Neal-Schuman.
  9. 9. Moore/9AppendixFull sample of metadata records analyzed-- exported directly from CONTENTdm as XMLencoded Dublin Core records with empty elements redacted:RECORD 1:<dc:identifier>PH041-07-00074</dc:identifier><dc:source>The C. L. Sonnichsen Special Collections Department - University of Texas atEl Paso Library</dc:source><dc:rights>The C. L. Sonnichsen Special Collections Department - University of Texas at ElPaso Library</dc:rights></rdf:Description><rdf:Description about="http://server15823.contentdm.oclc.org/u?/p15823coll2,439"><dc:title>Sonya Hansard</dc:title><dc:creator>Casasola Studio</dc:creator><dc:subject>Graduados</dc:subject><dc:description>Loretto Academy Graduate</dc:description><dc:date>19622001</dc:date><dc:format>250 x 400 pixels, 72dpi, jpegWindows 2k, Microtek Scanmaker 9600XL4&quot; x 5&quot; Print</dc:format>RECORD 2:<dc:identifier>PH041-04-00090</dc:identifier><dc:source>The C. L. Sonnichsen Special Collections Department - University of Texas atEl Paso Library</dc:source><dc:rights>The C. L. Sonnichsen Special Collections Department - University of Texas at ElPaso Library</dc:rights></rdf:Description><rdf:Description about="http://server15823.contentdm.oclc.org/u?/p15823coll2,289"><dc:title>Enrique Aguirre and unidentified woman</dc:title><dc:creator>Casasola Studio</dc:creator><dc:subject>Grupos</dc:subject><dc:date>19392001</dc:date><dc:type></dc:type><dc:format>250 x 400 pixels, 72dpi, jpegWindows 2k, Microtek Scanmaker 9600XL2&quot; x 3&quot; Negative Nitrate</dc:format>RECORD 3:<dc:identifier>PH041-07-00081</dc:identifier><dc:source>The C. L. Sonnichsen Special Collections Department - University of Texas at
  10. 10. Moore/10El Paso Library</dc:source><dc:rights>The C. L. Sonnichsen Special Collections Department - University of Texas at ElPaso Library</dc:rights></rdf:Description><rdf:Description about="http://server15823.contentdm.oclc.org/u?/p15823coll2,440"><dc:title>Sylvia Bueno</dc:title><dc:creator>Casasola Studio</dc:creator><dc:subject>Graduados</dc:subject><dc:date>19632001</dc:date><dc:type></dc:type><dc:format>250 x 400 pixels, 72dpi, jpegWindows 2k, Microtek Scanmaker 9600XL4&quot; x 5&quot; Print</dc:format><dc:identifier>PH041-06-00005</dc:identifier><dc:source>The C. L. Sonnichsen Special Collections Department - University of Texas atEl Paso Library</dc:source>RECORD 4:<dc:rights>The C. L. Sonnichsen Special Collections Department - University of Texas at ElPaso Library</dc:rights></rdf:Description><rdf:Description about="http://server15823.contentdm.oclc.org/u?/p15823coll2,401"><dc:title>Irma Escandon</dc:title><dc:creator>Casasola Studio</dc:creator><dc:subject>Primeras Comuniones</dc:subject><dc:date>c. 1960s2001</dc:date><dc:format>250 x 400 pixels, 72dpi, jpegWindows 2k, Microtek Scanmaker 9600XL2&quot; x 3&quot; Negative Nitrate</dc:format>RECORD 5:<dc:identifier>PH041-03-00190</dc:identifier><dc:source>The C. L. Sonnichsen Special Collections Department - University of Texas atEl Paso Library</dc:source><dc:rights>The C. L. Sonnichsen Special Collections Department - University of Texas at ElPaso Library</dc:rights></rdf:Description><rdf:Description about="http://server15823.contentdm.oclc.org/u?/p15823coll2,250"><dc:title>Gregorio (Gregory) Macias</dc:title><dc:creator>Casasola Studio</dc:creator><dc:subject>Señores</dc:subject><dc:description>El Paso Technical High School graduate; See also PH041-07-00058</dc:description>
  11. 11. Moore/11<dc:date>19632001</dc:date><dc:format>250 x 400 pixels, 72dpi, jpegWindows 2k, Microtek Scanmaker 9600XL1&quot; x 1.5&quot; Negative Nitrate</dc:format>RECORD 6:<dc:identifier>PH041-02-00509</dc:identifier><dc:source>The C. L. Sonnichsen Special Collections Department - University of Texas atEl Paso Library</dc:source><dc:rights>The C. L. Sonnichsen Special Collections Department - University of Texas at ElPaso Library</dc:rights></rdf:Description><rdf:Description about="http://server15823.contentdm.oclc.org/u?/p15823coll2,498"><dc:title>Sister Rose Elene Olivas, CSJ (Rose Brown)</dc:title><dc:creator>Casasola Studio</dc:creator><dc:subject>Damas</dc:subject><dc:date>19632001</dc:date>RECORD 7:<dc:identifier>PH041-04-00262</dc:identifier><dc:source>The C. L. Sonnichsen Special Collections Department - University of Texas atEl Paso Library</dc:source><dc:rights>The C. L. Sonnichsen Special Collections Department - University of Texas at ElPaso Library</dc:rights></rdf:Description><rdf:Description about="http://server15823.contentdm.oclc.org/u?/p15823coll2,326"><dc:title>Molly, Blanche, Lillian, Lazar, Florence Kopilowitz</dc:title><dc:creator>Casasola Studio</dc:creator><dc:subject>Grupos</dc:subject><dc:date>2001</dc:date><dc:format>250 x 400 pixels, 72dpi, jpegWindows 2k, Microtek Scanmaker 9600XL2&quot; x 3&quot; Negative Nitrate</dc:format>RECORD 8:<dc:identifier>PH041-07-00069</dc:identifier><dc:source>The C. L. Sonnichsen Special Collections Department - University of Texas atEl Paso Library</dc:source><dc:rights>The C. L. Sonnichsen Special Collections Department - University of Texas at ElPaso Library</dc:rights></rdf:Description>
  12. 12. Moore/12<rdf:Description about="http://server15823.contentdm.oclc.org/u?/p15823coll2,435"><dc:title>Elma Cervantes</dc:title><dc:creator>Casasola Studio</dc:creator><dc:subject>Graduados</dc:subject><dc:description>El Paso Technical High School graduate; See also PH041-07-00040</dc:description><dc:date>19632001</dc:date><dc:format>250 x 400 pixels, 72dpi, jpegWindows 2k, Microtek Scanmaker 9600XL4&quot; x 5&quot; Print</dc:format>RECORD 9:<dc:identifier>PH041-08-00048</dc:identifier><dc:source>The C. L. Sonnichsen Special Collections Department - University of Texas atEl Paso Library</dc:source><dc:rights>The C. L. Sonnichsen Special Collections Department - University of Texas at ElPaso Library</dc:rights></rdf:Description><rdf:Description about="http://server15823.contentdm.oclc.org/u?/p15823coll2,180"><dc:title>Fernando Miranda and Ester Tarin</dc:title><dc:creator>Casasola Studio</dc:creator><dc:subject>Bodas</dc:subject><dc:description>Wedding party</dc:description><dc:date>c. 19482001</dc:date><dc:format>250 x 400 pixels, 72dpi, jpegWindows 2k, Microtek Scanmaker 9600XL1.7&quot; x 1.3&quot; Negative</dc:format>RECORD 10:<dc:identifier>PH041-04-00101</dc:identifier><dc:source>The C. L. Sonnichsen Special Collections Department - University of Texas atEl Paso Library</dc:source><dc:rights>The C. L. Sonnichsen Special Collections Department - University of Texas at ElPaso Library</dc:rights></rdf:Description><rdf:Description about="http://server15823.contentdm.oclc.org/u?/p15823coll2,293"><dc:title>Hermenejilda Salvidar and Manuela Lujan</dc:title><dc:creator>Casasola Studio</dc:creator><dc:subject>Grupos</dc:subject><dc:date>19392001</dc:date><dc:format>250 x 400 pixels, 72dpi, jpegWindows 2k, Microtek Scanmaker 9600XL
  13. 13. Moore/132&quot; x 3&quot; Negative Nitrate</dc:format>RECORD 11:<dc:identifier>PH041-02-00009</dc:identifier><dc:source>The C. L. Sonnichsen Special Collections Department - University of Texas atEl Paso Library</dc:source><dc:rights>The C. L. Sonnichsen Special Collections Department - University of Texas at ElPaso Library</dc:rights></rdf:Description><rdf:Description about="http://server15823.contentdm.oclc.org/u?/p15823coll2,445"><dc:title>Rose Romero (Bremer)</dc:title><dc:creator>Casasola Studio</dc:creator><dc:subject>Damas</dc:subject><dc:date>19412001</dc:date>RECORD 12:<dc:identifier>PH041-03-00024</dc:identifier><dc:source>The C. L. Sonnichsen Special Collections Department - University of Texas atEl Paso Library</dc:source><dc:rights>The C. L. Sonnichsen Special Collections Department - University of Texas at ElPaso Library</dc:rights></rdf:Description><rdf:Description about="http://server15823.contentdm.oclc.org/u?/p15823coll2,222"><dc:title>Jose Cruz Burciaga</dc:title><dc:creator>Casasola Studio</dc:creator><dc:subject>Señores</dc:subject><dc:date>19372001</dc:date><dc:format>250 x 400 pixels, 72dpi, jpegWindows 2k, Microtek Scanmaker 9600XL1&quot; x 1.5&quot; Negative Nitrate</dc:format>RECORD 13:<dc:identifier>PH041-02-00466</dc:identifier><dc:source>The C. L. Sonnichsen Special Collections Department - University of Texas atEl Paso Library</dc:source><dc:rights>The C. L. Sonnichsen Special Collections Department - University of Texas at ElPaso Library</dc:rights></rdf:Description><rdf:Description about="http://server15823.contentdm.oclc.org/u?/p15823coll2,496"><dc:title>Sister Gonzalez (Casavantes)</dc:title><dc:creator>Casasola Studio</dc:creator><dc:subject>Damas</dc:subject>
  14. 14. Moore/14<dc:date>19402001</dc:date>RECORD 14:<dc:description>See also PH041-03-00157</dc:description><dc:date>2001</dc:date><dc:type></dc:type><dc:format>250 x 400 pixels, 72dpi, jpegWindows 2k, Microtek Scanmaker 9600XL1&quot; x 1.5&quot; Negative Nitrate</dc:format><dc:identifier>PH041-03-00174</dc:identifier><dc:source>The C. L. Sonnichsen Special Collections Department - University of Texas atEl Paso Library</dc:source><dc:rights>The C. L. Sonnichsen Special Collections Department - University of Texas at ElPaso Library</dc:rights></rdf:Description><rdf:Description about="http://server15823.contentdm.oclc.org/u?/p15823coll2,247"><dc:title>Ivan E. Scotten</dc:title><dc:creator>Casasola Studio</dc:creator><dc:subject>Señores</dc:subject><dc:date>2001</dc:date><dc:format>250 x 400 pixels, 72dpi, jpegWindows 2k, Microtek Scanmaker 9600XL1&quot; x 1.5&quot; Negative Nitrate</dc:format>RECORD 15:<dc:identifier>PH041-02-00022</dc:identifier><dc:source>The C. L. Sonnichsen Special Collections Department - University of Texas atEl Paso Library</dc:source><dc:rights>The C. L. Sonnichsen Special Collections Department - University of Texas at ElPaso Library</dc:rights></rdf:Description><rdf:Description about="http://server15823.contentdm.oclc.org/u?/p15823coll2,448"><dc:title>Sister Gonzalez (Casavantes)</dc:title><dc:creator>Casasola Studio</dc:creator><dc:subject>Damas</dc:subject><dc:date>19402001</dc:date>

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