Fulbright presentation - Randy Bush

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  • Thanks to Butler Community College for the opportunity of this sabbatical
  • Fulbright presentation - Randy Bush

    1. 1. Lessons from the German Fulbright Experience How Butler Can Benefit from Involvement in International Education
    2. 2. German-American Fulbright Programs  German-American Fulbright Commission established in 1952 – celebrated its 60th anniversary  The largest of 52 bilateral programs with 700 German & American participants in 30 programs annually  The International Education Administrators Seminar included 20 participants from around the USA with a variety of institutions and diversity of professional roles  To apply for Fulbright programs see www.iie.org.cies
    3. 3. Higher Education in Germany  2-track system for high school graduates    “Arbitur” exam for universities Technical training for others 3-tiered system of universities & technical schools   Applied Sciences Universities   Traditional Research Universities Vocational -Technical Institutes Degree Structure  Bachelor degree = 3 years  Master degree = 2 years  Doctoral (PhD) = 3-5 years
    4. 4. Lessons on Higher Ed Structure  American community colleges are like bridges between the technical-cooperative education training and the applied sciences universities in Germany  Germans recognizes the value of workforce training more than Americans; every person is trained for their job in Germany from retail to auto tech to teacher to computer science to academic  Germany has relatively few private universities compared to the USA
    5. 5. Leadership of University & Faculty  Germans emphasize “self-administration” – a democratic, bottom-up process for selecting leaders  University Leadership is “elected” from the faculty by faculty, staff and students – Faculty Council elects Dean, Executive Committee elects Chancellor, for example  Deans, Vice-Presidents & Chancellors serve a 4-year term and then stand for reelection and return to the faculty when finished
    6. 6. Faculty Workload  Faculty in Applied Science universities must have 5 years experience working in industry or private sector and a doctorate in their teaching field  Teaching load is 18 hours per week; research and publication are not expected, except in Traditional Research universities  Faculty are “civil servants” with tenure after two years and are paid by the state; 80% or more are fulltime, few are adjuncts who generally teach one class
    7. 7. Lessons on Leadership & Faculty  Contrast between German “self-administration” and American “professional administration” where administrators may originate from the faculty but tend to become career administrators with much different hiring process  American administrative style is more “topdown”(hierarchical) in contrast to German “bottom-up” (democratic) approach  American institutions increasingly employ part-time adjuncts rather than full-time faculty; ratios are almost reversed with 20% full-time/tenured in the US, compared 80% in Germany
    8. 8. Students, Student Services & Student Life  Nearly all German students are 18-26 years old, very few non-traditional students (only 5% have children)  Among Germans, 46% go to universities and 47% go to vocational-technical institutes; few do not attend postsecondary schools  German students pay no tuition, only nominal fees ($500 per year); students receive housing and transit subsidies from the state ($600 per month for up to 10 semesters)  German students focus entirely on their major subject; no general education; most get some work experience in 3rd year
    9. 9. Student Services  German institutions provide fewer student services and spend 40% less per student than American institutions  German culture sees 18 year olds as “adults” and encourages them to be independent  Student Services are provided through a Nat’l Assoc. of Student Affairs; 2/3 of funding comes from revenues for dining and residential halls, 1/3 from student fees & state  Students Services are understaffed and recognized as an area that needs further development in Germany
    10. 10. Student Life  Student Life in Germany revolves around academics and student government; with a few other student clubs  There are no university sports programs  There are no college health services due to universal health care  Most students get job training through cooperative ed  International students are more than 10 percent at most universities in Germany (compared to 3.5% in USA)
    11. 11. Lessons on Students, Student Service & Student Life  In Germany higher education is a “common good” which is fully funded by the state with little cost to the student, whereas in the USA higher education is more of an “individual good” which is increasingly funded by the student through tuition with declining contributions by the state.  German students focus on academics and complete bachelor degrees in 3 years compared to American students who average 6 years for bachelor degrees, but must take general education reqs and have a broader student life experience  American colleges provide many more student services, but Germany students get more work experience
    12. 12. How Butler can Benefit from Involvement with International Education  Butler has a well-established international student program, but international enrollment is declining  Butler Faculty and Student Services staff show strong support for the International Program in a Fall survey  Butler faculty, staff and international students have very positive experiences interacting with each other  Faculty, staff & international students support increased funding for the International Program
    13. 13. Faculty & Staff Perceptions of Benefits of International Students
    14. 14. International Student Perceptions on their Experiences at Butler
    15. 15. Faculty & Staff Perceptions of Interactions with International Students
    16. 16. Faculty & Staff Perceptions on Funding for International Student Program
    17. 17. International Student Perceptions on Areas for Improvements
    18. 18. Benefits of International Education Final Proposals  Recognize the revenue generated by the international student program and commit a portion to reinvestment  Invest in recruiting more international students  Establish a scholarship program for international students that rewards academic excellence  Expand efforts to develop study abroad opportunities for Butler students and faculty  Support professional development for international education  Emphasize “internationalization” across the college
    19. 19. Fulbright Seminar tours Berlin
    20. 20. The Berlin Wall
    21. 21. Brandenburg Gate
    22. 22. The Reichstag
    23. 23. Randy with Reiner Rohr Fulbright Chief of American Programs
    24. 24. Former Auto Plant now a Campus of HTW in Berlin
    25. 25. Visit to HTW Campus overlooking Spree River
    26. 26. Humboldt University in Berlin
    27. 27. The Pergamom Museum in Berlin
    28. 28. Europa University Viadrina in Frankfurt on Oder
    29. 29. Fisherman on the Oder River
    30. 30. Student Union at Collegia Polonicum across the Oder in Poland
    31. 31. Oktoberfest in Berlin
    32. 32. German Chancellor Angela Merkel newly re-elected
    33. 33. Design Students at Darmstadt Applied Sciences University
    34. 34. Inn at Strasbourg, France
    35. 35. Notre Dame Cathedral in Strasbourg
    36. 36. Berlin Hauptbahnhof
    37. 37. Castle enroute to Prague
    38. 38. Wenceslas Square in Prague
    39. 39. Powder Tower in Prague
    40. 40. Prague Castle
    41. 41. UFO Bridge in Bratislava
    42. 42. Bratislava Castle
    43. 43. Comenius University in Bratislava
    44. 44. Inside the Blue Church in Bratislava
    45. 45. The Great Synagogue in Pest
    46. 46. Synagogue Ceiling
    47. 47. The Hungarian Parliament
    48. 48. On the Danube in Budapest
    49. 49. Self-Reflections on the Train to Berlin
    50. 50. Train Station in Bratislava

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