A not-so-new “community of practice”
Sixty years ago, the field called “humanities computing”
made its debut with the appearance of Father Roberto
Busa’s Index Thomisticus, a computer-compiled
concordance to the works of Thomas Aquinas (Adams
All the ways that the humanities and digital
Digital Humanities is the critical study of how
the technologies and techniques associated
with the digital medium intersect with and
alter humanities scholarship and scholarly
DH vs. DP
Digital Pedagogy • Deals with
• Can apply across Humanities, except…
divisions • Doesn’t have to deal
• Focus on a reflective with teaching, per se
teaching practice • Asks students to think
• MOOCs/DOOCs about how the tools
change the questions
A new/old practice
STC and Wing Catalogues Early English Books
Begins in 1998
TCP Partnership 1999
Thematic archives: Valley of the
Shadows (Ed Ayers, Uva)
DH in the Undergrad Classroom
Collaborative/Student Authored Work
University of Richmond History Engine
Soweto Project (Angel Nieves, Hamilton College)
Virtual Reconstructions: Arne Flaten’sAshes 2 Art Project (Coastal Carolina)
31 Flavors: Large centers, boutique
projects, and more
Keep in touch
Cohen, Patrician. “Digital Keys for Unlocking Humanities’ Riches”
Adams, Jennifer and Kevin B. Gunn. “Digital Humanities: Where to Starthttp://crln.acrl.org/content/73/9/536.full
2012 Day of Digital Humanities Blog
Jaime SkyeBianco’s title from DH debates. Luce Irigaray’s “This Sex which is not One”
335 registered participants in 2012 Day of DH – and the list of definitions aggregates the definitions from the last three years of the event.
A topic of debate in the field, nevertheless there are some distinctions.Humanities – but History is a social science…Don’t always live up to theseClickers are a helpful example – using them in the classroom to create a different kind of interactive environment – that’s DP, not DH; you aren’t asking the students to think about how the clickers change the kinds of questions they’re asking of the material, because they aren’t asking anything of it with the clickers.All that said – it can be pretty murky terrain
Whatever they are, digital humanities are not as new as Fish would have us believe.Among the earliest cornerstone projects are those concerned with access – digital surrogacy kinds of projects. Print mediaThe major digitization of the STC catalogues by the Early English Books Online (Chadwyck-Healey/ProQuest operation) began in 1998 and now contains more than 125,000 full text items. Shawn Mullins argues that this digital work should be understood as an extension of the bibliographic work begun in the 1920s to create the STC and Wing catalogues and then extended in the late 1930s and early 40s by transfer to microfilm. In 1999 ProQuest teamed up with the University of Michigan and Oxford University in the “Text Creation Partnership” to create fully-searchable, TEI compliant SGML/XML texts. The goal of the first two phases of this partnership is to have 69,000 texts in full-text format. (ttp://repository.upenn.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1072&context=library_papers). So, the new is a bit old. Perhaps not in the long history of textual scholarship of the sort represented here. A forty-year old endeavor is certainly young when measured against studies of antiquity. But it is not all as new as it might seem. In some sense this kind digital literary studies is about data which already, in some sense, exist, are repackaged, resorted, made searchable, and, above all, made accessible by the tools. It’s about new ways of accessing existing data. The Dryden ode here is a digital surrogate for the artifact housed in Harvard’s library.
Askingwhether this new technosocial environment changes how we understand literary (or material) artifacts and/or our own scholarly practices.
ManuscriptScriptorium – both paleographic and primary text resourceshttp://scriptorium.english.cam.ac.uk/Ordinance of Pottage – 125 recipes with a table of contentsManuscript image, all of its metadata, and a transcription of contentsClicking on the text image gets you a zoomable high resolution image like thisGreat for teaching and research – demonstrates the commonplace book (poems, health directives, recipes, legal contracts, etc) Archimedes Palimpsesthttp://archimedespalimpsest.org/digital/ Archimedes Palimpsesthttp://archimedespalimpsest.org/digital/
Archimedes Palimpsest1229 Prayer book written over 174 parchment folios that contain at least 7 treatises by Archimedes, including the unique On Floating BodiesDigital imaging technique known as multispectral imaging – numerous photos are taken at different wavelengths of light resulting in a digital stack of images, algorithms are then written to enhance various elements – so in this case an algorithm was written to get the prayer book ink to fade into the parchment, allowing the “under text” to be read (separated out the spectral signature of the Archimedes ink)
“born digital”Oulipo: french writing collaborative 1960sJoe Keenan’s Moment, or the collaborative I was in the darkWilderness downtown is a google/chromeexperiementTao is a Sondheim/Strasser collaboration in e-lit
Visualizations of historical networks : Stanford’s Mapping the Republic of Letters Project1698-1789 – all correspondents in all citiesBig data projects are attempting to leverage the volume of digitized work and computing speed in the service of a much larger scope of researchFor some this is half of a dialogic move between close (1 text) and distant (many) reading.
Voyant analytics – entire Shakespeare corpus: word cloud, searchable full text, frequency analysis, comparative analysis of quantifiables
1820 in History engine, pins indicate articles writtenSoweto’s 3D simulator and digital “memory box” – community participation.
Moving out of the literary and into historiographic projectsAyer’s project utilizes a primary text database along with a fairly simple mapping to allow people to move through time and space in a virtual exploration of the Civil WarFlaten’s project is working to preserve at least a digital surrogate of vanishing archeological sites. This project is centered around a long running course, which students can take multiple times. It is entirely UG driven; all content is student created. Some of the students come in with knowledge of 3D modeling, but most learn in the course of the class. They sometimes spend an entire term creating a cap or cornice and that has to be ok.
MITH, UVA Scholar’s Lab (come one come all), Center for History and New Media (thematic)Angel’s project, WWP,Laura Mandel, 700,000.00+ project TAMU’s Early Modern OCR project “eMOP”Anderson: course basedBagnall: uses facial recognition script to comb through Australia’s national archive.
But it’s also about asking ourselves what the translation from the codex, the manuscript, the scroll means for our objects of study; it’s about asking whether digital tools can really provide us with new or different insights (not assuming that they do) and, to borrow a phrase from STS, whether this new technosocial environment changes how we understand literary (or material) artifacts and/or our own scholarly practices.I have a bias toward a theoretical engagement with technology and tools – which is not to say high theory of the 1980s type, but a reflexive use of technology rather than taking for granted that the technology is helpful or that it’s transparent in its effects.Critical digital literacy: not just use of tools, but ability to interrogate the effects and contexts of those tools and their uses