R.A.P. List some cultural elements of our American culture. Hint: Think of objects, clothes, shapes, practices, people, etc.
Discussion Questions <ul><li>What do you see in the slide? </li></ul><ul><li>What continent lies to the southwest? The northwest? The east? </li></ul><ul><li>What might this religion be called? Why? </li></ul>
Focusing Questions <ul><li>What cultural elements do you see in this slide? </li></ul><ul><li>Record your answers on the corresponding drawing in your handout. </li></ul>
Directions for Writing a Postcard About Impressions of the Middle East You will now write a postcard to a friend describing your initial impressions of the Middle East. Use your notes from the slides to help you. Your postcard must include these parts: <ul><li>A date and a proper salutation (“Dear…”) </li></ul><ul><li>A description of your impressions of at least 3 cultural similarities and 3 cultural differences you identified. </li></ul><ul><li>A sentence explaining some aspect of the Middle East you saw in the images that you would like to learn more about. </li></ul><ul><li>Simple sketches or drawings that illustrate at least 1 cultural element you mention. </li></ul>
Wrap Up Questions <ul><li>In what ways-other than the cultural similarities shown in these slides- do you think Middle Eastern countries may be culturally similar? Culturally different? </li></ul><ul><li>What cultural elements surprised you? </li></ul><ul><li>Why might your initial impressions of the M.E. be inaccurate? </li></ul><ul><li>What did you learn about the M.E. that you did not know before? </li></ul><ul><li>After seeing these images, what questions do you have about the M.E.? </li></ul>
W.I.O. Which religious symbol matches each religion?
Judaism (religion) God - Adonai -god of Abraham - Monotheistic -belief in 1 god - Hebrews -Abraham’s descendants: God’s chosen people. - Cannan -land promised to Hebrews by god. (Israel) Holy Book - TeNaKh -written in Hebrew (sacred language) - Torah (most important part) is the Hebrew law of god and stories of ancient Hebrews. - Nevi’im -history of Hebrew prophets - Ketuvim -writings and songs Key Beliefs -God gave the Torah to Moses (Hebrew’s most important prophet). - Goal -To live a good life according to the Torah’s laws and to pass down Jewish traditions to their families. Practices and Rituals - Yom Kippur - Day of atonement during which Jews fast. - Almsgiving -Day to give to the poor to create justice in the world. - Kashrut - Gives rules about food Jews can eat. - Kosher -Allowed foods that are prepared cleanly. - Tref -Unclean food (pork, shellfish, meat prepared w/ dairy). Worship Services - Shabbat (Sabbath)- kept holy by resting and praying. (Fri. PM-Sat. AM) Begins with a family meal by breaking Challah (bread) and sharing the wine. - Synagogue -holy building where Jews pray together on Fri. PM and Sat. AM - Rabbi- (teacher) leads the congregation in prayers and readings from the TeNaKh. Also gives sermon. -Rabbi also understands Talmud (oral law) and adapts God’s laws to the modern world. Sects - Orthodox (strictest) - Conservative (middle) - Reformed (least strict)
Islam (religion) Key Beliefs 1 . Islam is based on the teachings of Muhammad. 2 . Muhammad had a vision at the age of 40- Angel Gabriel appeared and told him to repeat god’s message in the form of the Qur’an. 3 . Muslims accept all Hebrew’s prophets (including Jesus) but Muhammad was Allah’s final prophet. 4 . Makkah (Mecca)- center of Islam, the holiest city. 5. Jerusalem - sacred city of the prophets God - Allah -god of Abraham - Monotheistic -belief in 1 god - Muslims believed God made a covenant with Abraham that his descendants would be the favored people for their faith. Worship Services - Masji (mosque ): Muslim holy building. Muslims attended the Mosque on Friday. - Imam - prayer leader and person of good character: leads prayers, and gives sermons. Sects - Sunni - Shi’I (Shi’ite) -Differed over the issue of leadership. Practices and Rituals -To attain salvation , Muslims practiced the 5 pillars . 1 . Shahada - public declaration of faith 2 . Salat- (prayer) Muslims must pray 5 times a day facing Mecca (east) 3 . Zakat (almsgiving) give approx. 2.5% of income to charity. 4 . Siyam (fasting) month of Ramadan : 30 days that Muslims cannot eat, drink, or have sexual relations from dawn to sunset. 5 . Hajj - pilgrimage to Mecca 1 time in life. - Hallal - allowed acts - Haram – forbidden acts (eating pork or drinking alcohol). Holy Book - Qur’an (Koran) written in the sacred language of Arabic. -Contains the revelations that God made to Muhammad (most important prophet).
Christianity (religion) Key Beliefs 1) Based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ . 2) Goal: Achieve salvation by turning from sin and following Jesus’ teachings about living a moral life and participating in the sacraments. - Damnation is the opposite. 3) Christians believe Jesus was born a human and a god. (Divine) 4) Jesus died on a cross, was buried, and rose from the dead 3 days later. 5) Ascension -Jesus went up to Heaven to be with Yahweh. Holy Book - Bible- holy book - Old Testament : The history of law and prophets and contains psalms. (Torah) - New Testament : Gospels, letters, and stories about early Christians. <ul><li>God </li></ul><ul><li>- Yahweh -god of Abraham </li></ul><ul><li>- Monotheistic -belief in 1 god </li></ul><ul><li>- Trinity- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 ) God the father </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 ) Son of God (Jesus) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 ) Holy Spirit(God’s presence on Earth) </li></ul></ul>Practices and Rituals 1 ) Sacraments- Sacred rituals in which Christians experience the Holy Spirit 2 ) Baptism- Ritual initiation into Christianity 3 ) Communion - Reenacts Jesus’ last meal before his death Sects - Roman Catholic - Orthodox - Protestant -All sects believe God is still teaching the world today. Worship Services - Ordained Ministers : Priests, pastors, or ministers that lead Christian worship - Church -Christian holy building that is attended on Sundays. -At church, Christians pray, read from the bible, sing, and hear a sermon related to the Bible readings. - Jerusalem -Holiest city because that is where Jesus died and rose from the dead.