Geography Of Ancient Greece


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Geography Of Ancient Greece

  1. 1. Geography of Ancient Greece <ul><li>Why did you settle where you did? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the positive aspects of your site? The negative aspects? </li></ul><ul><li>Reach out and try to touch hands with another group. Is it easy or difficult? How would you describe the proximity of your site to other sites? </li></ul><ul><li>What would you do if you wanted goods, such as different food items or precious metals, that are not available at your site? </li></ul>
  2. 2. Debrief the Experience <ul><li>Which group had the most productive settlement? That is, which group was able to place the greatest number of sheets of paper on the ground? Which had the least productive settlement? </li></ul><ul><li>Why were some settlements more productive than others? </li></ul><ul><li>What would you do if your settlement needed different products and you could not claim more territory? </li></ul>
  3. 3. R.A.P. How does your local geography affect your daily life? (pg. 4 left)
  4. 4. Introduction to Minoan and Mycenaean cultures (pg. 5 right) <ul><li>Crete </li></ul><ul><li>A. Island: 3,189 square miles, located in the Mediterranean Sea (halfway between Greece and Asia Minor (modern-day Turkey) </li></ul>1. Legend- Birthplace of Zeus (King of Greek Gods)
  5. 5. II. Mycenae (my-SEE-nee) <ul><li>City in the NE of the Peloponnesian Peninsula (Greek mainland) </li></ul><ul><li>Legend- Greek hero Perseus founded it after he killed the monster Medusa. </li></ul>
  6. 6. III. Minoan Culture <ul><li>Developed on the island of Crete in 3000 B.C.E. </li></ul><ul><li>A. Maritime culture -master seafarers fueled by fishing, farming and the local arts. </li></ul><ul><li>1. Established long distance trade routes with Spain, Egypt, Canaan and Asia Minor </li></ul><ul><li>B. Socially </li></ul><ul><li>1. Egalitarian culture: men and women holding respected positions in fields of religion, agriculture, and craftwork. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Recreation </li></ul><ul><li>Dancing to music and song </li></ul><ul><li>“Bull-Leaping” somersaulting over the back of a charging bull. </li></ul><ul><li>Boxing – used boxing gloves and mouth guards. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Peace loving civilization </li></ul><ul><li>No fortresses, war equipment, or painted battle scenes </li></ul><ul><li>Historical significance of Minoan culture </li></ul><ul><li>- cultural model for the Mycenaean’s on mainland Greece. </li></ul>
  9. 9. IV. Mycenaean Culture <ul><li>Settled in 2700 B.C.E. </li></ul><ul><li>Culture - Most Greek myths are derived from the Mycenaean's. </li></ul><ul><li>1. Spoke an early form of Greek language </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural Economy – based on grains, grapes and olives </li></ul><ul><li>1. Traded by sea with Egypt and Asia Minor </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Military – decorated uniforms, elaborate helmets, chariots, daggers and axes </li></ul><ul><li>Horses were vehicles of war </li></ul><ul><li>Hierarchical Society – Kings and soldiers prisoners of war enslaved to serve them </li></ul><ul><li>no real recreational entertainment </li></ul>
  11. 11. Class Discussion <ul><li>What did the Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations have in common? </li></ul><ul><li>In what ways were the Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations different? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do you think so many aspects of Minoan civilization are found at Mycenae? </li></ul>
  12. 12. End of Minoan and Mycenaean Civilizations <ul><li>Minoan Civilization </li></ul><ul><li>A. Flourished from 2000-1400 B.C.E. </li></ul><ul><li>1. Earthquakes (1700 B.C.E.) – rocked island of Crete </li></ul><ul><li>Minoans quickly rebuilt and established settlements for trade on nearby islands of Thera, Kythera, Melos and Rhodes </li></ul><ul><li>Minoan neighbors were supportive and tolerant and benefited from trade – artwork and architecture were glorious during this time. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>What happened???? </li></ul><ul><li>1. 15 th Century B.C.E. - Mycenaean invaders from the Peloponnesus (Greek mainland) launched invasive expeditions. </li></ul><ul><li>Possible theories as to why? </li></ul><ul><li>1. Wanted to replenish waning supplies of copper and iron ore – used for weapons </li></ul><ul><li>2. Inward fighting – Mycenaeans were arguing over land ownership and trade – routes. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Other cultures began invading Peloponnesus – sought refuge and safer settlements on Crete. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Historical documents – reveal that Crete was invaded in 1450 B.C.E. by the Mycenaeans </li></ul><ul><li>Minoan artists and architects were captured and sent to Mycenae to serve their kings </li></ul><ul><li>Cretan palace of Knossos – occupied by militaristic Mycenaean rulers </li></ul><ul><li>- introduced weapons, chariots, and battles into Cretan mural painting and added burial of weapons to military funerals </li></ul>
  15. 15. II. Dorian Greeks <ul><li>1100 B.C.E. United tribes from NW Greece and Asia Minor – invaded settlements in Peloponnesus, the southern Aegean islands and Crete. </li></ul><ul><li>This ended Mycenaean rule </li></ul><ul><li>Through the Dorians, elements of Minoan and Mycenaean cultures were incorporated into the art, architecture and literature of Classical Greece. </li></ul>