China  The ups and downs of the various Dynasties 589 to 1644 C.E.
The Sui Dynasty 589-618 C.E. <ul><li>Yan Jian conquered the Chen Kingdom and unified China  </li></ul><ul><li>He founded t...
<ul><li>Wen Di was a Buddhist but he encouraged the practice of all three teaching, Taoism, Confucianism, and Buddhism. </...
The Tang Dynasty 618-907 C.E. <ul><li>Li Shi Min captured the two major cities of the Sui Dynasty, Changan  and Luoyang </...
<ul><li>Civil servant and artists followed Confucianism </li></ul><ul><li>Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism flourished.  ...
<ul><li>Scholars became the ruling elite  </li></ul><ul><li>Because the Emperors had the direct control and allegiance of ...
The Song Dynasty 960-1279 <ul><li>After the collapse of the Tang dynasty and the years of civil war that followed, Tai Zu ...
<ul><li>The diet and products of the south became more important (this is when rice grew in importance) </li></ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>Because of the emphasis on the trade of tea, coal, porcelain and silk, and the taxes it created, the merchant clas...
The Yuan Dynasty 1260-1368 <ul><li>In 1279 Kulbai Kahn, grandson of Genghis Khan conquered the Song Dynasty </li></ul><ul>...
<ul><li>They created a strict hierarchy: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>.Mongols who lived tax free </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul...
<ul><li>Many Chinese suffered and died as a result of poor treatment and the destruction of farmland </li></ul><ul><li>The...
The Ming Dynasty 1368-1644 <ul><li>The Chinese rose up against the Mongols when there power was waning.  </li></ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>The emperors were very powerful  </li></ul><ul><li>They were very involved in the government and often had a secre...
<ul><li>Confucianism was re-born and many Chinese combined the practice of all three teachings </li></ul><ul><li>Canals, b...
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China Dynasty

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China Dynasty

  1. 1. China The ups and downs of the various Dynasties 589 to 1644 C.E.
  2. 2. The Sui Dynasty 589-618 C.E. <ul><li>Yan Jian conquered the Chen Kingdom and unified China </li></ul><ul><li>He founded the Sui Dynasty, became emperor and changed his name to Wen Di. </li></ul><ul><li>Wen Di and his son Yang Di were harsh rulers </li></ul><ul><li>Forced peasants who were in debt to join in the army or work on public works projects </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Wen Di was a Buddhist but he encouraged the practice of all three teaching, Taoism, Confucianism, and Buddhism. </li></ul><ul><li>The Sui are remembered for building the 600 mile Grand Canal that connect the Yanzi and Yellow rivers. </li></ul><ul><li>They also rebuilt the Great Wall of China </li></ul><ul><li>Due to the extensive public works and military conflict the Sui Dynasty controled large stretches of China for 29 years </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Tang Dynasty 618-907 C.E. <ul><li>Li Shi Min captured the two major cities of the Sui Dynasty, Changan and Luoyang </li></ul><ul><li>He then made himself emperor and took on the name Dai Zong </li></ul><ul><li>The Tang ruled one of the geographically largest empires in Chinese history </li></ul><ul><li>They developed a government with various departments </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Civil servant and artists followed Confucianism </li></ul><ul><li>Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism flourished. Later Buddhism was repressed because it was viewed as a foreign religion </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced the power of the upper class by creating the equal field system where the land was re-divided among the able men of the country. Peasants were able to gain wealth, power and influence </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Scholars became the ruling elite </li></ul><ul><li>Because the Emperors had the direct control and allegiance of the army, along with the land reforms, the Tang were able to maintain power for 89 years. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Song Dynasty 960-1279 <ul><li>After the collapse of the Tang dynasty and the years of civil war that followed, Tai Zu came to power in Kaifeng and established the Song Dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>The northern borders were constantly threatened by the Mongolians and the Manchurians. Finally a people called the Jurchen forced the Song family to relocate south to Hangzhou </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>The diet and products of the south became more important (this is when rice grew in importance) </li></ul><ul><li>The civil servants came from the south and were employed based on their merit (based upon exam scores and how well they did their jobs) </li></ul><ul><li>The Song introduced a new version of Buddhism called Chan. It would be called Zen in Japan </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Because of the emphasis on the trade of tea, coal, porcelain and silk, and the taxes it created, the merchant class rose in importance </li></ul><ul><li>A new strain of rice was adopted </li></ul><ul><li>Printing was invented while copper, paper money, expensive art objects were created </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Yuan Dynasty 1260-1368 <ul><li>In 1279 Kulbai Kahn, grandson of Genghis Khan conquered the Song Dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>This established the only foreign rule of China </li></ul><ul><li>The Yuan kept the civil service system with it’s departments, but it employed Turks and Persians </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>They created a strict hierarchy: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>.Mongols who lived tax free </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>.Non-Chinese civil servants </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>.Northern Chinese </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Southern Chinese </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Kublai Khan practiced Shamanism, yet the Chinese belief system was left alone </li></ul><ul><li>He also encouraged the establishment of Buddhist monasteries </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Many Chinese suffered and died as a result of poor treatment and the destruction of farmland </li></ul><ul><li>The canals and roads were only maintained for a few years and then they deteriorated </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Ming Dynasty 1368-1644 <ul><li>The Chinese rose up against the Mongols when there power was waning. </li></ul><ul><li>Hong Wu was the peasant who led the revolt </li></ul><ul><li>The civil service exam was reintroduced and the Chinese once again served in the government </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>The emperors were very powerful </li></ul><ul><li>They were very involved in the government and often had a secret police force protecting their interests </li></ul><ul><li>They encouraged overseas exploration only to later revert to isolationism </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Confucianism was re-born and many Chinese combined the practice of all three teachings </li></ul><ul><li>Canals, bridges, temples, roads, shrines, and protective walls were all rebuilt. </li></ul><ul><li>Civil war broke out due to over taxation and poor governmening </li></ul>

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