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Underused technology in the classroom


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How technology is often underused and misused in a classroom.

Published in: Education, Technology
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Underused technology in the classroom

  1. 1. Technology in the classroom: Underused and misused
  2. 2. Theme • Often, when new technologies are brought into a classroom, they are either misused or underused. • Teachers need to shape the way students experience new technologies to create learning environments
  3. 3. 2 ways technologies are underused
  4. 4. • New technologies might not be used at all in a classroom – Especially when they are brought in without the teacher’s involvement – Teachers might not know how to use them at all – Teachers might not have ideas on how to use them with students – Teachers often use new technologies to prep for classes, but not in the classes themselves
  5. 5. • New technologies, when used, are often used in the same way that old technologies are – Ignores the actual capabilities of the new technologies
  6. 6. New technology, same job
  7. 7. 2 Ways Technologies are Misused
  8. 8. Misuse #1: Using automated learning software to replace teachers • Teaching with software takes away from important interactions between teachers and students – This is illustrated through the concepts of discourse in a classroom and “weaving”
  9. 9. • The discourse between a teacher and a student is extremely important – Genuine feedback from teacher – Clarification if the student is unsure – Affirmation when the student gets something right – Student can also share new ideas with a teacher • This cannot happen in an authentic way with software
  10. 10. • Teachers can “weave” new learning into contexts outside the classroom – Real-life applications genuine to students’ life/setting – Tie learning in with previous learning – Tie learning in with other classes or experiences • Teachers have an understanding of what students are learning and doing in other classes and outside the school
  11. 11. Misuse #2: Expecting technologies to teach students just by them using it • Most students cannot learn from technology alone – Access to information and learning opportunities do not equal learning! • Distractions to learning • Lack of motivation to learn • Lack of ability to self-direct learning Just because students CAN learn online doesn’t mean they WILL learn online!
  12. 12. How should technologies be used in a classroom, then?
  13. 13. • One way is through a “Mediated Learning Environment” (MLE) • Students are the ones using the technology • Teachers must “mediate” between students and technology, shaping how they experience it – The idea is the teacher figuratively “standing between” the technology and the student
  14. 14. Mediated Learning Environment Students experience technology through the teacher
  15. 15. Conclusion • Technology can be underused in classrooms – Simply not used at all – Used in the same way that older technologies are used • Technology can be misused in a classroom – Automated software to replace teachers – Expecting technologies to teach students • A “mediated learning environment” is a better approach to bringing new technologies into the classroom
  16. 16. Sources • The concept of “underused” and unused technologies in classrooms comes from Larry Cuban’s book Oversold and Underused (2001). • Research into pre-service teachers using technology to plan lessons, but not in the actual lesson, can be found in "Planning with technology in mind: Preparing pre-service social studies teachers to integrate technology in the classroom" (2013) by Shand, Guggino and Costa in the Journal of the Research Center for Educational Technology • The importance of discourse and weaving is discussed in “Pedagogy in cyberspace: The dynamics of online discourse” by Xin and Feenberg (2006) in the Journal of Distance Education • The Mediated Learning Experience (MLE) is discussed by Kozulin and Presseisen in “Mediated learning experience and psychological tools: Vygotsky’s and Feurestein’s perspectives in a study of student learning” (1995) in Educational Psychologist.
  17. 17. Picture References • Slide 1: “Computer science lab” by Chris Chan • Slide 6: “Rothbard teaching” by LvMI. jpg • “GiardinaKARLSRUHE – Death by Powerpoint” by Beate • Slide 14: “Student_ipad_school -127” by Brad Flickinger 87/