Water Quality

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Water Quality

  1. 1. Water Quality By: Jamison Vos
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Types of Water Collection </li></ul><ul><li>Water Related Diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Prevalence in Today's World </li></ul><ul><li>What is being done </li></ul>
  3. 3. Types of collection <ul><li>Rain water </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collected from roofs of buildings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be a two month supply </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cheaper than buying water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides a more stable source of water </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wells </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seasonal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be contaminated with human waste </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expensive to build, but cheap water afterward </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Diseases Related to Water <ul><li>Cholera </li></ul><ul><ul><li>caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In 2000 some 140,000 cases and 5000 deaths </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Africa had 87% of cases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be prevented by providing clean drinking water </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Malaria </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most important parasitic infectious disease </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Malaria-infected Anopheles mosquito </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>300-500 million cases of malaria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decrease amount of free standing, stagnant water </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Diseases continued <ul><li>Diarrhoea </li></ul><ul><ul><li>causes 4% of all deaths </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>caused by bacterial, viral and parasitic organisms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>spread by contaminated water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to safe drinking water </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Typhoid </li></ul><ul><ul><li>infection of the intestinal tract and bloodstream </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>caused by the bacteria Salmonella typhi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>17 million cases worldwide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be helped with clean water </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Who Is Affected <ul><li>1.1 billion people in developing countries have inadequate access to water </li></ul><ul><li>two in three people lacking access to clean water survive on less than $2 a day </li></ul><ul><ul><li>one in three living on less than $1 a day </li></ul></ul><ul><li>loss of 443 million school days each year from water-related illness </li></ul><ul><li>Millions of women spend several hours a day collecting water </li></ul><ul><li>Access to piped water into the household averages about 85% for the wealthiest 20% of the population, compared with 25% for the poorest 20%. </li></ul>
  7. 7. What's Being Done? <ul><li>Water For People </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Program to help developing countries improve water quality </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Christian Reformed World Missions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Building wells in Mali </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Sources <ul><li>Global Issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.globalissues.org/article/26/poverty-facts-and-stats </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Children harvest rainwater in struggle to beat drought </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/93d395da-c484-11dd-8124-000077b07658,dwp_uuid=ce659ad6-896a-11dd-8371-0000779fd18c.html?nclick_check=1 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Water and sanitation related diseases fact sheets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/diseases/diseasefact/en/index.html </li></ul></ul>

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