ClassroomManagement Dr. Jennifer IrwinEDU 620: Module 8 Chapter 11
Why are they doing that?? Take a look at these classroom management scenarios and think about why the student is doing what he/she is doing and what you can do about it? Marla is always getting out of her seat at inappropriate times. Karen rarely turns in her homework. Roy cheats on tests as often as he can. Wayne uses disrespectful language when talking to his teacher.
Why are they doing that?? Probably the most productive thing you can do with behavior issues is to try getting to the root of the problem (your first step being to talk to the student one-on-one). Maybe … Marla is easily distracted or needs frequent breaks from sitting in her seat. Karen is caring for her younger siblings all night. Roy’s after school job leaves him little time to study and he takes drastic measures to ensure that he gets good grades. Wayne is trying to get the attention of the other students.
What is classroom management? What exactly are you “managing”? The classroom environment Instruction Behavior Organization Time Other things?
An important aspect of classroom management is planning for instruction. We will discuss effective instructional strategies more in-depth in module 10 For now, let’s look at: Effective learning environments Time and learning Misbehavior
The effective classroom environment Creating a classroom environment that is conducive to learning requires: Arranging the classroom How are students’ seats arranged? In rows, in small groups? What is most effective? Least effective? Keep in mind that you can/should change up the seating arrangements depending on the day’s lesson.
The effective classroom environment Creating a welcoming classroom climate Probably the most important thing you do during the first few weeks of school Do students feel like part of a learning community? Good ‘ol “get to know you” activities (like “Believe it or Knot”) are great for helping to create this.
The effective classroom environment Setting limits Are students aware (from the first day of school) what is acceptable and unacceptable in your classroom? Monitoring what students are doing Can you see what everyone is doing at all times? (you know, the “eyes-in-the-back-of-your-head” phenomenon). If not, make changes!
The effective classroom environment Planning activities that keep students on task The best way to manage problems is to avoid them! Be sure that you are an “intentional” teacher who plans creative lessons that are engaging to students. Have plenty of tips and tricks in your Teacher’s Toolbox. Be PROACTIVE!
The effective classroom environment Modify strategies when necessary Do you know the definition of insanity? Doing the same thing over and over again and expecting a different result. If it is not working, change it!
Effective teachers use … “Withitness” Effective transitions Overlapping between activities Smoothness Awareness of what all students are doing Group Alerting Keeping all students involved Doing more than oneIn order to be “constructivist”, try to thing at a timematch up these terms with thedefinitions (instead of me justtelling you)
Time & Learning Allocated time Time during which students have the opportunity to learn (AKA the class period) Engaged time/Time on-task Time students spend actively engaged in learning the task at hand (only about 60% of allocated time) Time off-task 40% of the class period! 20 min. of a 50 min. period OR 34 min. of an 85 min. period!! Where does the time go???
Time & Learning Before you go on, think of some things that are “time suckers”.
“Time Suckers” Did you think of things like: Taking attendance Collecting/distributing papers Correcting student misbehavior/talking Discussing homework Bathroom breaks School interruptions (announcements, fire drills) Malfunctioning equipment Student tardiness
Time & Learning The purpose of the Classroom Management Evaluation assignment is to get you thinking about issues like these and how you effectively address them. Check out chapter 11for more ideas!
Dealing with misbehavior … As stated before, the best plan to deal with misbehavior is to be proactive and avoid it! Easier said than done, right? What are some things that you can do ahead of time to cut down on behavior problems? Use ideas from the text, this PowerPoint thus far, and your own experience!
The principle of “least intervention” Alright, I realize that being “proactive” is not always going to cut it … your next step is to do the least invasive things you can, like: Proximity (walking over to a student while you continue to teach, AKA “overlapping” Praise another student (in a meaningful way) Pause (students will wonder why you’ve stopped talking) “The Look” (you know the one … the evil eye!)
Non-compliance So, being proactive and using least intervention still not doing the trick? You might have to “up the ante”. First step: Always discuss the situation with the student in private. Second step: Remember that not all reinforcers work the same way for every student. Have you ever had a student who viewed being sent out of the room as a reward rather than a punishment?
Other helpful strategies: Point out which behavior is Understand cause not acceptable, state Be consistent consequence Give cues Do not get into an argument Check your expectations or power struggle Give student time and space Seek parental support (contact to calm down parents BEFORE problem) Stay objective and calm, Use peer mediation listen to student’s point of Pick your battles view Respect students Give student several options DON’T TAKE THINGS Follow through on PERSONALLY! (this can be very consequences hard to do, especially if the student is verbally attacking you!) Involve student in making behavior plan
In summary … Plan ahead Be proactive Change things that do not work Be reflective (hey, that’s why you have off all summer!) Keep in mind that time spent on establishing an effective classroom is time well-spent!