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  1. 1. Vocabulary Memory Study Aids - Presentation Transcript<br />Vocabulary Memory and Study Aids <br />Mack Gipson, Jr. <br />Tutorial and <br />Enrichment Center <br />Gayla S. Keesee <br />Education Specialist <br />Memory and Study Aids <br />Visual clues <br />Drawings, Pictures, Models <br />Graphic Organizers <br />Diagrams and Charts—Tables/Grids <br />Word associations <br />Flashcards <br />Visual Aids <br />Drawings, pictures, models <br />Physically create visual elements <br />Drawings or pictures of definitions <br />Pictures of situations where the word would be used <br />Draw crazy visual associations <br />Visual Aids <br />Create a graphic organizer in which you answer the following questions <br />What is it? (Category) <br />Other forms (Change part of speech) <br />What is it like? (Properties) <br />What are some examples (Illustrations) <br />Writing (tactile) and reading (visual) learning styles <br />Cynic <br />What is it? noun, kind of person <br />Other forms: adj.—cynical <br />adv.—cynically <br />noun—cynicism <br />What is it like? pessimistic, scornful, sneering, contemptuous, distrustful, sarcastic <br />Examples: Someone who doesn’t think democracy can be honest and efficient <br />Someone who believes that human conduct is motivated solely by self-interest <br />Diagrams Charts <br />Table or grid — possible headings <br />Word Meaning <br />Part of speech <br />Word Structure <br />Roots, prefixes, suffixes <br />Number of syllables <br />Common Usage <br />Describes people <br />Describes places <br />Describes things <br />Categorization Grid Words to describe people Timid Cynical Pessimistic Flippant Uncouth Malicious Garrulous Morose Obtuse Diligent Arrogant Pompous <br />Word Associations <br />Façade—false, superficial, or artificial appearance <br />FACE—false face <br />Benign—kindly, gentle <br />Be + 9 <br />+ 9 <br />Word Associations <br />Flashcards <br />Create flashcards to help you study <br />Don’t make too small <br />4x6 are best <br />Carry them with you <br />Review them often <br />Break into small groups for easier learning <br />Shuffle frequently so you don’t learn a pattern <br />Flashcards—Advantages <br />Chunks information into smaller categories to aid memory <br />Nouns—persons, places, things <br />Verbs—plural/singular or tenses <br />Phrases—common usage <br />Use of color signals categories <br />different colored cards <br />highlighters <br />Flashcards—Advantages <br />Use either written or visual information <br />Easily rearranged and sorted <br />Do not learn the words in a fixed order. <br />Learn only words need to remember . <br />Can be used for different purposes <br />Lists of items <br />Grammar rules <br />Quiz prep —questions/answers <br />Flashcards—Advantages <br />Size and portability <br />easy to carry <br />use for short, frequent reviews <br />review in spare time that is often wasted—like waiting in line or between classes. <br />Physically moving and manipulating the cards incorporates tactile learning <br />Flashcards—Advantages <br />Writing down the material on cards aids your memory in itself. <br />76 repetitions of information to go into long term memory <br />One Way to Study <br />At least once a day , go through your pack of index cards—spend 10-15 minutes each time. <br />Sort the cards into two stacks —those you know and those you do not know. <br />Periodically review the entire set of words to keep them fresh in your mind. <br />When to Use Flashcards <br />Study your vocabulary for 10-15 minutes a day <br />Riding the bus <br />Riding in a car <br />Before bed <br />When you get up in the morning <br />Waiting in line <br />Doing your laundry <br />What to Include: <br />Flashcards Conglomerate con-glom’-er-it Def: an organization comprising two or more companies that produce unrelated products. EX: Nichols company owns a shoe factory, vineyards in France, soft drink factories, and Sara Jane pastry . Front Back <br />Flashcards <br />Definition—Picture <br />Two-sided <br />Word and picture on front side <br />Context sentence on back side <br />The diligent student worked hard on his homework. Diligent <br />Grammar <br />Become familiar with basic grammar terms <br />Vocabulary words will only come from these parts of speech <br />Nouns <br />Verbs <br />Adjectives <br />Adverbs <br />Parts of Speech <br />Pay attention to the part of speech and its function in a sentence <br />Nouns/Pronouns <br />Name persons, places, things, ideas, qualities <br />Subject, Direct Object, Indirect Object, Object of the Preposition <br />Part of Speech <br />Pay attention to the part of speech and its function in a sentence <br />Adjectives <br />Describe nouns and pronouns <br />How many? Which one? What kind? <br />Usually come before nouns <br />Part of Speech <br />Pay attention to the part of speech and its function in a sentence <br />Verbs <br />Indicates the action of the subject—also known as predicate <br />Action verbs (always adding new words) <br />Linking verbs(limited number) <br />Pronunciation <br />Pay Attention to Pronunciation <br />Concentrate on new and unusual sounds <br />Pay attention to differences in pronunciation if change part of speech <br />moderate (adj) vs. moderate (v) <br />The Written Word <br />Pay attention to how words are written <br />spelling conventions <br />prefixes <br />suffixes <br />Watch for words that look the same—same roots/prefix <br />conductor, conducive, conduction <br />literate, literary, literature <br />Sentence Patterns <br />Watch for Sentence Patterns <br />Common pattern in English <br />Subject + Verb + Object = <br />(Who + Did + What) <br />What about a question ? <br />Verb before subject <br />Create your own sentences. <br />Study Tips <br />Do your studying in relatively small chunks <br />45-60 minutes at a time <br />Study vocabulary several times a day <br />5-10 minutes at a time <br />Study Tips <br />When studying, use as many senses as possible <br />Speaking—say the word <br />Listening—hear you or someone else <br />Writing—physically practice writing the words <br />Reading—words in context <br />Act-out the definitions <br />Study Tips <br />Be an active and interactive learner <br />Study with a friend <br />Start a study group <br />Make up sentences together <br />Quiz each other on grammar and vocabulary <br />Create crossword puzzles and exchange them <br />Study Tips <br />Practice saying new words out loud <br />Practice seeing the new word in context <br />Create simple sentences about a specific context <br />Describe what is happening in that setting <br />home, school, work, Augusta Mall, movie theater… <br />Study Tips <br />Use new vocabulary <br />Conversations <br />Essays, reports <br />Letters <br />Notice when others use your vocabulary words <br />radio, TV <br />magazines, newspapers <br />Don’t <br />Don’t panic <br />Normal not to master new vocabulary on the first try <br />Constant practice and review are essential <br />Don’t study for long periods without a break <br />Memory overload <br />Don’t <br />Don’t be a passive learner <br />Don’t just say the words to yourself <br />Say the words out loud <br />Write the words <br />Record words/definitions on a cassette and play over & over <br />Don’t study vocabulary for more than 15 minutes at a time <br />Don’t <br />Don’t refer to your vocabulary list as you do your homework <br />Review material before starting homework <br />Work from memory <br />Complete the entire exercise, then check your work <br />Have Fun! <br />Improving your vocabulary has many rewards. <br />