Vocabulary memory study aids presentation transcript


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Vocabulary memory study aids presentation transcript

  1. 1. Vocabulary Memory Study Aids - Presentation Transcript 1. Vocabulary Memory and Study Aids o Mack Gipson, Jr. o Tutorial and o Enrichment Center o Gayla S. Keesee o Education Specialist 2. Memory and Study Aids o Visual clues  Drawings, Pictures, Models  Graphic Organizers  Diagrams and Charts—Tables/Grids o Word associations o Flashcards 3. Visual Aids o Drawings, pictures, models  Physically create visual elements  Drawings or pictures of definitions  Pictures of situations where the word would be used  Draw crazy visual associations 4. Visual Aids o Create a graphic organizer in which you answer the following questions  What is it? (Category)  Other forms (Change part of speech)  What is it like? (Properties)  What are some examples (Illustrations)  Writing (tactile) and reading (visual) learning styles 5. Cynic o What is it? noun, kind of person o Other forms: adj.—cynical o adv.—cynically o noun—cynicism o What is it like? pessimistic, scornful, sneering, contemptuous, distrustful, sarcastic o Examples: Someone who doesn’t think democracy can be honest and efficient o Someone who believes that human conduct is motivated solely by self-interest 6. Diagrams Charts o Table or grid — possible headings  Word Meaning  Part of speech  Word Structure  Roots, prefixes, suffixes  Number of syllables  Common Usage  Describes people
  2. 2.  Describes places  Describes things 7. Categorization Grid Words to describe people Timid Cynical Pessimistic Flippant Uncouth Malicious Garrulous Morose Obtuse Diligent Arrogant Pompous 8. Word Associations o Façade—false, superficial, or artificial appearance  FACE—false face 9. o Benign—kindly, gentle o Be + 9  + 9 Word Associations 10. Flashcards o Create flashcards to help you study  Don’t make too small  4x6 are best  Carry them with you  Review them often  Break into small groups for easier learning  Shuffle frequently so you don’t learn a pattern 11. Flashcards—Advantages o Chunks information into smaller categories to aid memory  Nouns—persons, places, things  Verbs—plural/singular or tenses  Phrases—common usage o Use of color signals categories  different colored cards  highlighters 12. Flashcards—Advantages o Use either written or visual information o Easily rearranged and sorted  Do not learn the words in a fixed order.  Learn only words need to remember . o Can be used for different purposes  Lists of items  Grammar rules  Quiz prep —questions/answers 13. Flashcards—Advantages o Size and portability  easy to carry  use for short, frequent reviews  review in spare time that is often wasted—like waiting in line or between classes. o Physically moving and manipulating the cards incorporates tactile learning
  3. 3. 14. Flashcards—Advantages o Writing down the material on cards aids your memory in itself.  76 repetitions of information to go into long term memory 15. One Way to Study o At least once a day , go through your pack of index cards—spend 10-15 minutes each time. o Sort the cards into two stacks —those you know and those you do not know. o Periodically review the entire set of words to keep them fresh in your mind. 16. When to Use Flashcards o Study your vocabulary for 10-15 minutes a day  Riding the bus  Riding in a car  Before bed  When you get up in the morning  Waiting in line  Doing your laundry 17. What to Include: 18. Flashcards Conglomerate con-glom’-er-it Def: an organization comprising two or more companies that produce unrelated products. EX: Nichols company owns a shoe factory, vineyards in France, soft drink factories, and Sara Jane pastry . Front Back 19. Flashcards o Definition—Picture  Two-sided  Word and picture on front side  Context sentence on back side The diligent student worked hard on his homework. Diligent 20. Grammar o Become familiar with basic grammar terms o Vocabulary words will only come from these parts of speech  Nouns  Verbs  Adjectives  Adverbs 21. Parts of Speech o Pay attention to the part of speech and its function in a sentence  Nouns/Pronouns  Name persons, places, things, ideas, qualities  Subject, Direct Object, Indirect Object, Object of the Preposition 22. Part of Speech o Pay attention to the part of speech and its function in a sentence  Adjectives  Describe nouns and pronouns  How many? Which one? What kind?  Usually come before nouns
  4. 4. 23. Part of Speech o Pay attention to the part of speech and its function in a sentence  Verbs  Indicates the action of the subject—also known as predicate  Action verbs (always adding new words)  Linking verbs(limited number) 24. Pronunciation o Pay Attention to Pronunciation  Concentrate on new and unusual sounds  Pay attention to differences in pronunciation if change part of speech  moderate (adj) vs. moderate (v) 25. The Written Word o Pay attention to how words are written  spelling conventions  prefixes  suffixes o Watch for words that look the same—same roots/prefix  conductor, conducive, conduction  literate, literary, literature 26. Sentence Patterns o Watch for Sentence Patterns  Common pattern in English  Subject + Verb + Object =  (Who + Did + What)  What about a question ?  Verb before subject o Create your own sentences. 27. Study Tips o Do your studying in relatively small chunks  45-60 minutes at a time o Study vocabulary several times a day  5-10 minutes at a time 28. Study Tips o When studying, use as many senses as possible  Speaking—say the word  Listening—hear you or someone else  Writing—physically practice writing the words  Reading—words in context  Act-out the definitions 29. Study Tips o Be an active and interactive learner  Study with a friend  Start a study group o Make up sentences together o Quiz each other on grammar and vocabulary o Create crossword puzzles and exchange them
  5. 5. 30. Study Tips o Practice saying new words out loud o Practice seeing the new word in context  Create simple sentences about a specific context  Describe what is happening in that setting  home, school, work, Augusta Mall, movie theater… 31. Study Tips o Use new vocabulary  Conversations  Essays, reports  Letters o Notice when others use your vocabulary words  radio, TV  magazines, newspapers 32. Don’t o Don’t panic  Normal not to master new vocabulary on the first try  Constant practice and review are essential o Don’t study for long periods without a break  Memory overload 33. Don’t o Don’t be a passive learner o Don’t just say the words to yourself  Say the words out loud  Write the words  Record words/definitions on a cassette and play over & over o Don’t study vocabulary for more than 15 minutes at a time 34. Don’t o Don’t refer to your vocabulary list as you do your homework  Review material before starting homework  Work from memory  Complete the entire exercise, then check your work 35. Have Fun! o Improving your vocabulary has many rewards.