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Map design in GIS

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Map design in GIS

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Map design in GIS

  1. 1. Map Design Dr. Hans van der Kwast & Jonne Kleijer OpenCourseWare ocw.unesco-ihe.org
  2. 2. Learning objectives • After this course you will be able to: • Design maps using GIS • Choose the appropriate legends • Choose the appropriate file type, resolution and compression method for maps
  3. 3. Introduction • Maps are an important output from GIS analysis. • Hardcopy paper maps • Presentations • Web (static, dynamic) 3
  4. 4. Map making in GIS Desktop GIS software: • Map canvas for GIS analysis • Map composer for Map design 4
  5. 5. Which map elements? Mandatory: • Title • Legend • Scalebar / Graticule • North arrow 5 Optional: • Acknowledgments • Name of the map projection • Logo • Grid
  6. 6. 6
  7. 7. Legend • Real objects  Map symbols • Legend = Key to used symbols • Intuitive colours and symbols • Units (m) • PROGRAM DEFAULTS ARE ALWAYS WRONG! 7
  8. 8. Point symbology 8
  9. 9. Point symbology 9 Size vs Shape
  10. 10. Lines & Polygons 10 Lines Polygons
  11. 11. Lines & Polygons • Pipeline (Water) • Buildings • Park/Forrest 11
  12. 12. Continuous raster • Ramps 12
  13. 13. Continuous raster HOT COLD BAD GOOD 13
  14. 14. Continuous raster What is high? 14
  15. 15. Discrete raster • Random colours 15
  16. 16. North arrow • Symbols shows map direction • Rotated maps 16
  17. 17. Scale Words: Ratio: Scale bar: Grid: 17
  18. 18. Inset / Overview map To give detail to map QGIS training Uganda 18 To give overview
  19. 19. Letter type 19
  20. 20. Map design To begin with... 20
  21. 21. Map design 21
  22. 22. Neat lines • Make a map more neat 22
  23. 23. Balance 23
  24. 24. Formats GIS map Screen Vector GIF PNG Raster JPG PNG Paper Vector EPS SVG PDF Raster TIFF July/August 2015 QGIS training Uganda 24 100 dpi > 600 dpi
  25. 25. Examples 25
  26. 26. July/August 2015 27
  27. 27. Demo • Screencast of demo: https://youtu.be/ah-DMpqb2AY 32

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