Knowledge Management 2009 (5)


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Knowledge Management 2009 (5)

  1. 1. Knowledge Management 2009 Course 5 Tim Hoogenboom & Bolke de Bruin
  2. 2. Contents of Today <ul><li>Recapitulating last week </li></ul><ul><li>About Identity </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding how an identity is constituted and how it is formed </li></ul><ul><li>Relevance of Identity </li></ul><ul><li>Assignment </li></ul>
  3. 3. Wrapping it up
  4. 4. Community <ul><li>In order to structure a practice a social configuration is needed </li></ul><ul><li>Communities of Practice are constituted under the force of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mutuality of engagement: Constructing and reproducing the relationships (often called memberships) for doing things together. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Joint enterprise: shared objective negotiated by its participants to deal with a situation as they experience it. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shared repertoire: Resources for negotiation of meaning that a community has adopted during its existence, and which have become part of its practice </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Practices create <ul><li>Meaning </li></ul><ul><li>Social configurations (Communities of Practice) </li></ul><ul><li>Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>Locality </li></ul>
  6. 6. Relevancy PBA <ul><li>Practice Based Approach (PBA) </li></ul><ul><li>Practice situated in middle of structure and agency extremes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Structure (Objectivism, functionalism, positivism) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agency (Subjectivism, symbolic interactionism, pragmatism) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In search for middle way: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Giddens’ structuration theory, Latour’s actor-network theory, Wenger’s practice based approach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Think of organizational reconstitutions </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Identity
  8. 8. About Identity <ul><li>Shifting focus from how people engage (practice) to how people become (identity) in order to learn </li></ul><ul><li>Identity is “the negotiation of meaning of our memberships in social communities […] that constitutes both the individual as the community” (p.145) </li></ul><ul><li>Identity in social psychology seen as self-image, definition Wenger is broader. </li></ul><ul><li>Identity is what we are, what we want to be, or what we want to become and does not has to reflect reality </li></ul><ul><li>(see Goffman on frontstage and backstage) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Producing our identity <ul><li>We produce our identity through the duality of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Participation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-participation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Designing for marginality and peripherality to affect identity formation </li></ul>
  10. 10. Making sense of identity <ul><li>Three distinct modes of belonging to make sense of process of identity formation </li></ul>
  11. 11. Identity formation <ul><li>Next to having an identity and identifying yourself with it, your identity is also formed by the ability to negotiate meanings </li></ul><ul><li>Identity formation is dual process between </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identification : Who or what we identity with by creating bonds or distinctions in which we become invested </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Negotiability : Determines the degree to which we have control over the meanings in which we are invested </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Identity integrated
  13. 13. Social processes shaping ID <ul><li>Identity as negotiated experience : We define who we are by the ways we experience ourselves through participation as well as by the ways we and others reify ourselves </li></ul><ul><li>Identity as community membership : We define who we are by the familiar and the unfamiliar </li></ul><ul><li>Identity as learning trajectory : We define who we are by where we have been and where we are going, a “constant becoming” </li></ul><ul><li>Identity as nexus of multi-membership : We define who we are by the ways we reconcile our various forms of membership into one identity </li></ul><ul><li>Identity as a relation between the local and the global : We define who we are by negotiating local ways of belonging to broader constellations and of manifesting broader styles and discourses </li></ul>
  14. 14. Social processes practice vs ID <ul><li>Practice as… </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiation of meaning (in terms of participation and reification) </li></ul><ul><li>Community </li></ul><ul><li>Shared history of learning </li></ul><ul><li>Boundary and landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Constellations </li></ul><ul><li>Identity as… </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiated experience of self (in terms of participation and reification) </li></ul><ul><li>Membership </li></ul><ul><li>Learning trajectory </li></ul><ul><li>Nexus of multi-membership </li></ul><ul><li>Belonging defined globally but experienced locally </li></ul>
  15. 15. Relevancy Identity or what do we miss in social software <ul><li>Identity is still seen as static self-image, see social networking sites </li></ul><ul><li>Social media still consider engaging in relations (which are rather associations) and constructing identity as separate items </li></ul><ul><li>Where is the social media that helps me in my trajectories, multimembership. </li></ul><ul><li>What about the ‘fakesters’ on ‘friendster’ … intended or unintended consequence </li></ul>
  16. 16. Assignment