Psych Testing - Mays AP Psych


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Psych Testing - Mays AP Psych

  1. 3. <ul><li>What is testing ? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do we have so many tests ? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the pros and cons to testing ? </li></ul><ul><li>How can we use testing to improve ? </li></ul><ul><li>What types of tests do we take ? </li></ul>
  2. 4. <ul><li>A psychological test is a standardized measure of a sample of a person’s behavior that is used to measure the individual differences that exist among people. </li></ul><ul><li>The technical term for the science behind psychological testing is psychometrics . </li></ul><ul><li>Samples of Behavior - one means observations of an individual performing tasks that have usually been prescribed beforehand </li></ul><ul><li>These responses are often compiled into statistical tables that allow the evaluator to compare the behavior of the individual being tested to the responses of a norm group. </li></ul>
  3. 5. <ul><li>There are two types of Psychological tests. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mental Ability tests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personality tests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Both of these types of tests break off into subcategories of testing. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 6. <ul><li>Psychological tests are used in research, however, most serve a practical purpose such as schooling, job qualifications , etc. </li></ul>
  5. 7. <ul><li>Includes three subcategories. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intelligence tests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aptitude tests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Achievement tests </li></ul></ul>
  6. 8. <ul><li>Measure general mental abilities. They are intended to measure intellectual potential. </li></ul>
  7. 9. <ul><li>Emily is four years old. Her big sister Amy is three times as old as Emily. How old will Amy be when she is twice as old as Emily? </li></ul><ul><li>WOLF is to FLOW as 8526 is to: 2856 - 6258 - 5862 - 5682 - 6852 </li></ul><ul><li>Hanger is to closet as tree is to </li></ul><ul><li>A) Branch </li></ul><ul><li>B) Bushes </li></ul><ul><li>C) Forest </li></ul><ul><li>D) Ground </li></ul><ul><li>E) Nest </li></ul><ul><li>What would be the next number in this series? 15 ... 12 ... 13 ... 10 ... 11 ... 8 ... ? </li></ul>
  8. 10. <ul><li>Aptitude Tests -Assess talent for specific kinds of learning. (clerical speed, mechanical reasoning, etc.) </li></ul>
  9. 11. <ul><li>Are You a Self-Starter? </li></ul><ul><li>Climbing the ladder would bring a load of responsibility and pressure that I wouldn't want to carry. </li></ul><ul><li>If my boss or supervisor told me I were being promoted, the fact that they had so much confidence in my abilities would : </li></ul>
  10. 12. <ul><li>Gauge a person’s mastery and knowledge of various subjects </li></ul>
  11. 13. <ul><li>Who was the 43 rd President of the United States? </li></ul><ul><li>What is 5x6 divided by 2? </li></ul><ul><li>How many branches of Government exist in the U.S.? </li></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li>Measure aspects of personality, including motives, interests, values, and attitudes . </li></ul>
  13. 15. <ul><li>Using interpretation of &quot;ambiguous designs&quot; to assess an individual's personality </li></ul><ul><li>An idea that goes back to Leonardo da Vinci and Botticelli. Interpretation of inkblots was central to a game from the late 19th century. Rorschach's, however, was the first systematic approach of this kind . </li></ul>
  14. 16. <ul><li>Do you become upset when. . ? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you feel like you lose control when. .? </li></ul><ul><li>Are you happy when . . ? </li></ul>
  15. 17. <ul><li>In order for a test to be accurate, it must meet the three standards below. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standardization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Validity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reliability </li></ul></ul>
  16. 18. <ul><li>Standardization is known as the uniform procedures used in administrating and scoring a test. </li></ul><ul><li>Test norms: information used to rank scores in relation to other scores on the test. </li></ul>
  17. 19. <ul><li>Refers to the ability of a test to measure what it was designed to measure. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul><ul><li>What psychologist promoted introspection? </li></ul><ul><li>Who developed the four mechanisms for dreaming? </li></ul><ul><li>What school of psychology does Skinner belong to? </li></ul>
  18. 20. <ul><li>Reliability refers to the measurement consistency of a test or other techniques. </li></ul><ul><li>Example </li></ul><ul><li>You take a personality test and are scored as “assertive”. Three weeks later you take the same test and are scored as “passive”. A drastic change is probably a result of an unreliable test. </li></ul>
  19. 21. <ul><li>Test-Retest Method </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Comparing subjects’ scores on two administrations of a test. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Correlation Coefficient </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A numerical index of the degree of relationship (-1, +1) </li></ul></ul>
  20. 23. <ul><li>Why do we have so many tests? </li></ul><ul><li>How can we use testing to improve . . .? </li></ul><ul><li>How does psychological testing apply to school, careers, sports, etc? </li></ul>