United Nations-designated <br />International Year of Forests - 2011 <br />So! What do forests mean to us?<br />This prese...
Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />2<br />
1900<br />3.18<br />1950<br />1.85<br />1960<br />1.45<br />1970<br />1.17<br />1980<br />0.97<br />1990<br />0.82<br />20...
Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />4<br />Globally, forests cover about one-third of the Earth’s land surface.<br...
Where are the Boreal (Taiga) Forests?<br />The northern boreal forest eco-region accounts for about one third of this plan...
Where are our Temperate Forests ? <br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />6<br />
Where are the Tropical Forests ? <br /><ul><li>Forests cover almost one-third of the earth's land surface are home to abou...
Just under 4 billion hectares
Tropical rainforests are home to over half the world’s species.
3 main regions of tropical rainforest
Centered around the equator. Fifty-seven percent of the world’s forests, including most tropical forests, are located in d...
People<br />More that 1.6 billion people depend to varying degrees on forests for their livelihoods, e.g. <br />fuelwood<b...
What have all those forests got in common?Biological Diversity<br />For biologists, tropical rainforests are some of the r...
Wood - Livelihoods -  Fair Trade<br />Tropical, Temperate&BorealForests<br /><ul><li>are home to fascinating wildlife
are a source of exquisite species of wood
provides livelihoods for millions of people</li></ul>Tropical wood:          Mahogany-Iroko-Rosewood<br />Temperate wood: ...
The Importance of Forests to Society<br />Forests are an integral part of global sustainable development.<br />According t...
The Carbon Footprint of Timber Imports?<br />Ireland imports an estimated 900million EURO worth of timber and wood-based p...
WOOD & Waste In Ireland<br />This piece of Honduran mahogany, was used as a mortar-board. At approx 350 years old it is st...
Should there be a facility where people can dispose of “old-used” wood ?
Who should run such a facility?</li></ul>Thousands of tons of usable wood is discarded annually in Ireland. The skip below...
Forests & The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)<br />Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger<br />Goal 2: Achieve u...
Forest FACTS 2011<br /> <br />The boreal forest is the largest tract of ancient forest left in North America and represent...
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Wood for Life

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Woodwork teachers are in a good position to deliver a message of sustainability to their students.

This powerpoint presentation is a guide to responsible wood procurement for construction studies and woodwork teachers.

Published in: Education, Business, Technology
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Wood for Life

  1. 1. United Nations-designated <br />International Year of Forests - 2011 <br />So! What do forests mean to us?<br />This presentation has been developed by<br />Just Forests <br />in association with<br />T4-Technology Subjects Support Service <br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />1<br />
  2. 2. Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />2<br />
  3. 3. 1900<br />3.18<br />1950<br />1.85<br />1960<br />1.45<br />1970<br />1.17<br />1980<br />0.97<br />1990<br />0.82<br />2000<br />0.64<br />How much forest have we - Globally?<br /><ul><li>In 1900 Ireland had 1% forest cover…</li></ul> …today we have 13% of our land covered in trees…<br />…but we are the largest per-capita consumers of tropical timber in the EU…<br /><ul><li> Globally the ratio of forests per person is shrinking</li></ul>(the numbers expressed in hectares below refer to ‘per person’ globally)<br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />3<br />
  4. 4. Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />4<br />Globally, forests cover about one-third of the Earth’s land surface.<br />Temperate Forests grow between the <br />Tropical Forests andthe <br />Boreal Forestsin the polar regions in both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres<br />
  5. 5. Where are the Boreal (Taiga) Forests?<br />The northern boreal forest eco-region accounts for about one third of this planet's total forest area. <br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />5<br />
  6. 6. Where are our Temperate Forests ? <br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />6<br />
  7. 7. Where are the Tropical Forests ? <br /><ul><li>Forests cover almost one-third of the earth's land surface are home to about 50% of all plant and animal species on the planet-There are 3 main regions of tropical rainforest: in Central and South America, in West and Central Africa, and in Southeast Asia.
  8. 8. Just under 4 billion hectares
  9. 9. Tropical rainforests are home to over half the world’s species.
  10. 10. 3 main regions of tropical rainforest
  11. 11. Centered around the equator. Fifty-seven percent of the world’s forests, including most tropical forests, are located in developing countries. </li></ul>Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />7<br />
  12. 12. People<br />More that 1.6 billion people depend to varying degrees on forests for their livelihoods, e.g. <br />fuelwood<br /> medicinal plants<br />forest foods <br />Oskar Biteye, grandson of family chief Zaire and the group's youngest hunter, returns from the hunt with his day's catch, a forest antelope, in the Okapi Wildlife Reserve outside the town of Epulu, Congo. <br />©Rebecca Blackwell  /  AP<br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />8<br />
  13. 13. What have all those forests got in common?Biological Diversity<br />For biologists, tropical rainforests are some of the richest, most exciting areas on earth! They are home to gigantic trees, colorful birds, millions of brightly hued insects, and a variety of fascinating mammals. <br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />9<br />
  14. 14. Wood - Livelihoods - Fair Trade<br />Tropical, Temperate&BorealForests<br /><ul><li>are home to fascinating wildlife
  15. 15. are a source of exquisite species of wood
  16. 16. provides livelihoods for millions of people</li></ul>Tropical wood: Mahogany-Iroko-Rosewood<br />Temperate wood: Oak-Ash-Beech-Pine<br />Boreal wood: Cedar-Spruce-Larch-Hemlock<br />FAIR Trade: The supply of responsibly harvested African blackwood stands to increase significantly as a result of a 700% increase in the total area of forest in Tanzania certified under the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC).<br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />10<br />
  17. 17. The Importance of Forests to Society<br />Forests are an integral part of global sustainable development.<br />According to World Bank estimates, more than 1.6 billion people depend on forests for their livelihoods. <br />The forest product industry is a source of economic growth and employment, with global forest products traded internationally in the order of $270 billion.<br />To help you with your selection of timber please refer to Just Forests –KNOW Your Wood Guide<br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />11<br />
  18. 18. The Carbon Footprint of Timber Imports?<br />Ireland imports an estimated 900million EURO worth of timber and wood-based products annually. <br />The carbon footprint of this activity (importation) can be enormous.<br />Question: <br />What should or what can we do?<br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />12<br />What is timber’s Carbon Footprint?<br />A carbon Footprint is a measure of how much impact a particular product or component has in relation to global climate change<br />
  19. 19. WOOD & Waste In Ireland<br />This piece of Honduran mahogany, was used as a mortar-board. At approx 350 years old it is still perfectly sound and free of any form of deterioration.<br />Questions:<br /><ul><li>Are we dumping too much ‘useable’ wood?
  20. 20. Should there be a facility where people can dispose of “old-used” wood ?
  21. 21. Who should run such a facility?</li></ul>Thousands of tons of usable wood is discarded annually in Ireland. The skip below contains iroko and ipe, two excellent quality tropical hardwoods from Africa.<br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />13<br />
  22. 22. Forests & The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)<br />Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger<br />Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education<br />Goal 3: Promote gender equality<br />Goal 4: Reduce child mortality<br />Goal 5: Improve maternal health<br />Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria & other diseases<br />Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability<br />Goal 8: Develop a Global Partnership for Development<br />The fight against poverty is the overarching goal of the eight MDGs. Many millions of people use forest and woodland resources to sustain livelihoods and for basis needs , such as fresh water, medicinal plants and food. <br />Questions:<br />How can forests contribute to the MDGs?<br />Is our dependence on tropical timber having an effect on global forests?<br />Should we be using more Irish-grown timber? <br />Thirty-three of the world’s 100 largest cities derive their drinking water from catchments within protected forest areas. Source: WWF<br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />14<br />
  23. 23. Forest FACTS 2011<br /> <br />The boreal forest is the largest tract of ancient forest left in North America and represents 25 percent of the world’s remaining ancient forests. <br />Source: Greenpeace<br /> <br />Thirty-three of the world’s 100 largest cities derive their drinking water from catchments within protected forest areas. <br />Source: WWF<br /> <br />Fifty-seven percent of the world’s forests, including most tropical forests, are located in developing countries. <br />Source: The Nature Conservancy<br /> <br />More that 1.6 billion people depend to varying degrees on forests for their livelihoods, e.g. fuelwood, medicinal plants, and forest foods. <br />Source: World Bank 2004<br /> <br />Forests provide habitats to about two-thirds of all species on earth. <br />Source: World Bank 2004<br /> <br />The Amazon rainforest produces 20 percent of the world’s oxygen. <br />Source: ACEER Foundation<br /> <br />Tropical forests renew the air we breath and moderate our global climate by absorbing about 20 percent of the carbon from emissions. <br />Source: The Nature Conservancy and REUTERS<br /> <br />Forests are home to 300 million people around the world.<br />Source: FAO Forest Resources Assessment<br /> <br />Tropical rainforests are home to over half the world’s species.<br />Source: The Rainforest Council<br /> <br />Australia, Brazil, and Mexico each possess more than 1,000 species of native trees.<br />Source: FAO Forest Resources Assessment<br /> <br />Ten countries account for two-thirds of the global forest cover.<br />Source: FAO Forest Resources Assessment<br /> <br />Globally, forests represent about four billion hectares (3,952 million hectares or about sq km) or 30.3 percent of total land cover.<br />Source: FAO Forest Resources Assessment<br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />15<br />
  24. 24. Conservation by Design!<br />Junior Certificate Materials Technology Wood Project 2011 Design Brief<br />In an effort to raise awareness of the importance of forests and biodiversity the United Nations has dedicated 2011 as the International Year of Forests.<br />Design and make an artefact which celebrates the importance of forests in maintaining biodiversity and in preserving the world’s fragile resources. The design should reflect the interdependence of all life forms. The finished artefact should be inspirational and elegant in its setting. <br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />16<br />
  25. 25. Do you know how your wood was obtained?<br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />17<br />
  26. 26. What can you do?<br />Find out where the wood/plywood in the woodwork room store comes from<br />Support Fair Trade in forest products<br />Insist on FSC-certified timber<br />Don’t waste quality hardwoods<br />Plant a tree or more<br />Use Just Forests KNOW - Your Wood Guide 2011<br />Visit www.justforests.org and keep up-to-date<br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />18<br />
  27. 27. What does ‘FSC-certified’ wood mean?<br />Just Forests supports the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) forest certification programme as the world’s most credible. FSC's mission is to improve the management of the world's forests. <br />When you see the FSC logo (the tree with the tick mark) on products you are helping them to achieve their mission, which means:<br />Local communities are respected<br />Wildlife is protected<br />Fair price paid for wood and other forest products<br />Re-planting of trees takes place<br />Annual inspection carried out <br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />19<br />
  28. 28. What Wood You Choose? <br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />20<br />
  29. 29. WHAT HAVE THEY GOT IN COMMON?<br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />21<br />Do you see the FSC logo?<br />
  30. 30. KNOW – Your Wood Guide checklist<br />Make the best environmental choice when buying or using wood. Start with step 1 - the best option - and work your way through.<br />Step 1:<br />Repair, restore or adapt something you already have. You may need professional help but it could still be cheaper than something new and it's far better for the world's forests. <br />Step 2:<br />Buy secondhand, recycled, reclaimed or waste timber. A better environmental choice than buying new.<br />Step 3:<br />Buy locally produced timber products that are Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) certified. If you can't recycle, buying locally-produced timber products means less fossil fuel is used in transportation. All FSC certified wood carries the FSC logo. <br />Step 4:<br />Buy FSC certified products from farther afield. If there is no timber available from a locally certified forest, the FSC logo is always preferable. <br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />22<br />
  31. 31. The KNOW-WOOD™ Board Project<br />-creating a wood culture in Ireland.<br /><ul><li>With the Know-Wood™ Board you can examine the tactile qualities of the wood and access helpful technical information relating to that particular species .</li></ul>Your information companion: KNOW - Your Wood Guide 2011<br />What is Changing?<br /><ul><li>New EU legislation places responsibility on timber importers to ensure they are NOT supplying illegally-logged timber and wood-based products</li></ul>Available September 2011<br />Available April 2011<br />Piecing it all together<br />Local ACTIONS = Global IMPACTS<br />Education resources by Just Forests<br />http://www.justforests.org/education-for-sustainable-development-esd<br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />23<br />

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