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Week 6 Exploring and exploitingstories in the primary ESL classroom
Traditional literature• Body of ancient stories and poems that grew out  of the oral tradition of storytelling before bein...
Types of traditional literature• Myths- stories of gods and heroes of a given culture (Puteri  gunung ledang)• Epics- long...
Criteria• Appropriate to developmental age• Integrity of the original culture should retain• Illustration which can assist...
Benefits• Encounter historical and folk heroes from a  particular culture• Compare and contrast motifs and universal  trut...
Reasons (ESL classroom)•   Entertainment•   Rich heritage of the story•   Kindles imagination•   Window on diverse culture...
Fantasy• Cannot happen in reality• Animals talk• Written by known authors hence different from  traditional literature• Im...
Types of fantasy•   Animal fantasy•   Personified toys and objects•   Unusual characters and strange situations•   Histori...
Realistic fiction• Stories that could indeed happen to people  and animals• Protagonists of these stories are fictitious  ...
Criteria• Portray optimism so that children will learn  that problems can be overcome• Themes should convey moral values• ...
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Week 6 exploring and exploiting stories in the

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Week 6 exploring and exploiting stories in the

  1. 1. Week 6 Exploring and exploitingstories in the primary ESL classroom
  2. 2. Traditional literature• Body of ancient stories and poems that grew out of the oral tradition of storytelling before being eventually written down.• Features: – Unknown authors – Attribute to entre group of people / culture – Stories are told as cultural or spiritual truths but some are factual elements, most are considered fantasy – A lesson can be learned from the story
  3. 3. Types of traditional literature• Myths- stories of gods and heroes of a given culture (Puteri gunung ledang)• Epics- long stories of human adventure and heroism recounted in many episodes (Ulysses in the Odyssey)• Legends- stories based on either real or supposedly real individuals and their marvelous deeds (Robin Hood)• Folktales- Humorous• Fairy tales- contains element of magic• Pourquoi tales- setting is earthly (similar to myths)• Fables- simple story that incorporate characters especially animals (Sang kancil dan buaya)• Religious stories
  4. 4. Criteria• Appropriate to developmental age• Integrity of the original culture should retain• Illustration which can assist students in interpreting the story
  5. 5. Benefits• Encounter historical and folk heroes from a particular culture• Compare and contrast motifs and universal truths valued by other cultures (appreciate)• Awareness of literary options
  6. 6. Reasons (ESL classroom)• Entertainment• Rich heritage of the story• Kindles imagination• Window on diverse cultures• Strong oral tradition of storytelling• Moral models for children
  7. 7. Fantasy• Cannot happen in reality• Animals talk• Written by known authors hence different from traditional literature• Imaginary worlds are inhabited and future worlds are explored• Plot, characters and setting must be well developed so that the children will be able to suspend disbelief and to accept the impossible as real.
  8. 8. Types of fantasy• Animal fantasy• Personified toys and objects• Unusual characters and strange situations• Historical fantasy• Science fiction
  9. 9. Realistic fiction• Stories that could indeed happen to people and animals• Protagonists of these stories are fictitious characters created by the author• Their actions are quite like those of real people or real animals
  10. 10. Criteria• Portray optimism so that children will learn that problems can be overcome• Themes should convey moral values• Stories must be believable and events must be possible• An element of humour

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