Defining children’s literature• Reading materials such as storybooks, poems, and short stories which have been chosen by adults and classified as suitable for young readers.• Characteristics of children’s literature: – Simplistic – Straightforward – Repetitious – Happy ending
Exploiting different genres in children’s literatureFictions (narrative literacy works whose Non-fictions (texts which deal withcontent is produced by the imagination actual, real-life subject)and is not based on facts)Drama NarrativePoetry EssaysFantasy BiographyHumor AutobiographyFable SpeechFairy talesScience fictionShort storyRealistic fictionFolkloreHistorical fictionHorrorTall tale (story with blatant exaggeration)LegendMysteryMythology
Experiencing literature as a transactional process• The shaping of the reader’s experiences, ideas, thoughts by the text by limiting, selecting and ordering the ideas to conform the text is known as transactional experience. – When someone reads a text, the text will stimulate the reader’s mind to extract past experiences, thoughts, and ideas. – The text serves as an outline to select the thoughts or ideas derived by the reader to match with the text itself. – The overall event where the reader’s mind is being stimulated by the text to get ideas, thoughts or experiences is called transactional experience.
• According to Louise Rosenblatt, the transaction will only occur when the text is read as aesthetic (read the text for pleasure and full with emotions) rather than efferent (focus on the information written by the authors).
Experiencing literature as a transitional process• Transition is the movement and adaptation to change, rather than a return to pre-existing state.• “every transition begins with an ending” – people have to let go of familiar ways of being in the world that defines who they are.• Students change their interest in different genres when their language skills are more developed. (change to more sophisticated and complex structure)
Personal and academic value of literature to children• Learn how the personalities of different characters deal with situations and intermingle with each other• Broaden our understanding of human nature and human condition• Encourages open-minded and flexible thinking• Stimulates the mind, imagination and creativity• Increases vocabulary and language skills