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Presentation1

  1. 1. Geography and Climate Report made by Justin Mujar. Presented by Group 1.
  2. 2. Why do we need to learn Geography and Climate in
  3. 3. Geograph y GEO= earth GRAPHEIN= to write about = “Writing aboutEarth”
  4. 4. M o u n t a i n s Are a high level landform with steep and sloping sides. Are made up of rocks, soil, and minerals. It is usually formed by the pressure of the movements of Earth’s Crustal Plates.
  5. 5. Mountain Ranges Are the highest landforms. They are rows from the mountains formed from the folded layers of Earth’s Crust. Oregeny ( rise of the mountains )
  6. 6. It also serves as a boundary of some countries and continents. It also serves as barriers to transportation and migration.
  7. 7. Platea us It is a raised landform characterized with a flat top surface. Its peak is ideal for farming and animal-raising. It has a steep slope.
  8. 8. Volcanoes Is an opening in Earth’s Crust through which molten, gaseous, and solid material is ejected. 3 kinds of Volcanoes 1.Active Volcanoes – are those which exhibit some volcanic activity and may erupt any time soon. 2.Dormant (Asleep) Volcanoes – If they had not shown any activity during historic times. However, These volcanoes may suddenly erupt. The sudden volcanic eruption produce Pyroclastic Flows, a rush of superheated volcanic ash and gases. 3.Extinct Volcanoes – are those which have no more volcanic activity and are characterized by the slow erosion of the mountain- like structure.
  9. 9. PrairiesAre treeless grass-covered plains found in North America. These are located in temperate areas in the northern and central United States and Canada.
  10. 10. Deser ts • Are characterized by a very dry climate with little rainfall. • 1/5 of Earth’s Land Surface • Can be Sandy or Rocky • It is usually hot in some deserts found in the low lattitude. These are called Tropical Deserts.
  11. 11. Valleys Is a landform commonly found in between two mountains or mountain ranges. Ideal for: •Farming •Animal-Raising •Human Habitation
  12. 12. Delta s When rivers flow into standing bodies of water, the water deposits its load of sediments. After some time these sediments build up and extend towards the sea. The deposition of sediments at the mouth of a river is called DELTA.
  13. 13. Basins • Mostly Surrounded by higher lands. • Can be circular or oval in shape. • May Look like bumps or compressions. Water may collect in low-laying areas of the Basins and form lakes or mashes.
  14. 14. Penin sulas Is a narrow land that extends from a larger body of land and is almost surrounded by water.
  15. 15. IslandsIs a piece of land completely surrounded by water. • Continental Island - is a land previously connected to a connected to a continent. • Island Arc - is that which has separated from the coastline of different continents. • Oceanic Island- is that which has been formed by force of nature underneath the ocean. Usually located farm from the continents.
  16. 16. Archip elagos Is a chain or group of islands. The term archipelago comes from the Italian words meaning, ‘Chief Sea’.
  17. 17. The End. That’s All. Justin Mujar Resources: Social Studies In Perspective “History of The World” Pages 14-19

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