Mandriva Linux is an operating system. It actsas an interface between the user and themachine to perform specific task. The userperforms some task in terms of input and thisOS redirects the instruction to the machine inmachine language. After performing thespecific task it sends the computed task back tothe user as an output. Well, all the operatingsystem performs this task.
Mandriva Linux was launched in 1998 under the name of MandrakeLinux, with the goal of making Linux easier to use for everyone. Atthat time, Linux was already well-known as a powerful and stableoperating system that demanded strong technical knowledge andextensive use of the command line; MandrakeSoft saw this as anopportunity to integrate the best graphical desktop environments andcontribute its own graphical configuration utilities to quickly becomefamous for setting the standard in Linux ease of use. In February2005, MandrakeSoft merged with Brazils Conectiva to form MandrivaS.A., with headquarters in Paris, France. The companys flagshipproduct, Mandriva Linux, offers all the power and stability of Linux toboth individuals and professional users in an easy-to-use and pleasantenvironment.
Desktop EnvironmentIn graphical computing, a desktop environment (DE) commonly refers toa particular implementation of graphical user interface (GUI) derivedfrom the desktop metaphor that is seen on most modern personalcomputers. These GUIs help the user in easily accessing, configuring, andmodifying many important and frequently accessed specific operatingsystem (OS) features. There are two types of Desktop Environment • KDE Plasmas Environment • GNOME
File ManagerA file manager or file browser is a computer program thatprovides a user interface to work with file systems. Themost common operations performed on files or groups offiles are:create, open, edit, view, print, play, rename, move, copy, delete, search/find, and modify file attributes, propertiesand file permissions. Files are typically displayed in ahierarchy. Some file managers contain features inspired byweb browsers, including forward and back navigationalbuttons.Default file manager for mandriva isDolphin file manager
Package managerA package management system, also called package manager, is acollection of software tools to automate the process ofinstalling, upgrading, configuring, and removing software packages for acomputers operating system in a consistent manner. It typicallymaintains a database of software dependencies and version informationto prevent software mismatches and missing prerequisites.Packages are distributions of software, applications and data. Packagesalso contain metadata, such as the softwares name, description of itspurpose, version number, vendor, checksum, and a list of dependenciesnecessary for the software to run properly. Upon installation, metadatais stored in a local package database.There are two types of package manager • Urpmi • RPM5
ThemesTheme will set the scene for the discussion regarding the userschoice. A user has a major selection to customize his ownselection of display making the GUI more a atractive
BootloaderA boot loader, also called a boot manager, is a small program thatplaces the operating system (OS) of a computer into memory .When a computer is powered-up or restarted, the basicinput/output system (BIOS ) performs some initial tests, and thentransfers control to the master boot record (MBR) where the bootloader resides. For Linux, a special boot loader must be installed.
ExplanationIn monolithic architecture. It is the oldest architecture usedfor developing an operating system. In general, it isconsidered that monolithic kernel is not portable becausethe code has to be written for all new hardware architecturethat the os is to be ported on. The monolithic kernel providesall the facilities at kernel level. Monolithic kernel is massiveand non-modular in structure with all the major os functionsperformed in the kernel space. In the monolithic kernelapproach the user space will consist of only libraries & apps
Merits of mandriva Low cost Stability Performance Network friendliness Flexibility Compatibility Fast and easy installation Full use of hard disk Multitasking Security Open Source
Demerits of Mandriva Understanding Compatibility Alternative Programs
CONCLUSION After studying what Mandriva Linux operating system is and its relevant characteristics, everyone would agree that this software has made and will continue making history for being so popular and useful.One of the major challenges that Linux has is to get more people to use it. It does not mean that only a few people is using this operating system rightnow, but that since Linux is so powerful, more and more people should get to use it and to enjoy all of the benefits that are found in this wonderful free software.With this research it is pretended to give a global idea and some specific point to