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End of the middle ages (brylle group)


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End of the middle ages (brylle group)

  1. 1. QT Coverage <br />Chapter 9: <br />The Culture of Medieval Europe<br />1. Interest of Learning Revives (Vic’s Group)<br /> 2. New Styles Develop in Medieval Art (GJ’s Group)<br /> 3. The Middle Age Draws to a Close (Brylle’s Group)<br />Chapter 15: <br />Renaissance and Reformation<br /> 1. The Renaissance Brings Change (Mon, Oct 11)<br />2. The Renaissance Spirit (Literature and Art) (Wed, Oct 13)<br />3. The Reformation Ends Religious Unity <br /> in Western and Central Europe (Thurs, Oct 15)<br />PT Deadline: October 18<br />
  2. 2. The End of Middle Ages<br />Group IV:<br />Bae, John Brylle L.<br />Futalan, Nathaniel Jonathan<br />Galang, John Byron<br />Ilagan, Jairo<br />Manansala, Artzer Lenard<br />Rumbaoa, Fitz Gerald<br />
  3. 3. Current Events<br />The charges against former COMELEC Chairman Benjamin Abalos was withdrawn by the Office of the Ombudsman because according to the said agency, charging a Chairman, which is a high position in the government structure is not part of their jurisdiction.<br />
  4. 4. ReviewDo you remember?<br />Papacy<br />William of Normandy<br />Absolute Monarchy<br />Card<br />inals<br />Three Field System!<br />
  5. 5. The End of the Middle Age<br />What are the factors?<br />Famine<br />Plague<br />Peasant Revolt<br />Hundred Years’ War<br />Decline of Papal Authority<br /> <br />
  6. 6. Famine<br />The early productivity during the early Middle Ages didn’t continue.<br />Ways on how to make land fertile were not yet known.<br />Consequence: Crops lost fertility and became unproductive.<br />Result: Shortage, starvation<br />
  7. 7. Plague (Black Death or Bubonic Plague)<br />Black death was the most terrible plague that struck Europe.<br />Black Death- plague created by fleas in rat’s fur.<br />Called black because of the black spots formed.<br />Started in Asia in 1331-1332.<br />Moved west across Russia.<br />The ships from Black Sea, when they returned to Italy, they brought with them the plague.<br />
  8. 8. Plague (Black Death)<br />By 1348, it spread to Europe in an increasing speed.<br />20 million people or a third of Europe’s population died.<br />Many people believed that God is punishing them.<br />Consequence: Many whipped themselves as penance, some relied to mysticism, and some killed Jews. <br />
  9. 9. Peasant Revolt<br />Due to the plague, industries became idle.<br />Since the nobles relied too much to the industries which became unproductive already, nobles needed money.<br />To satisfy that, increase the tax.<br />Consequence: Peasants revolted.<br />
  10. 10. Peasant Revolt<br />Revolt of peasants in England was led by Wat Tyler and John Ball in 1381.<br />It was suppressed by the King’s men.<br />Other revolts happened in major towns like Ghent, Florence, and Paris, but all were put down.<br />
  11. 11. Hundred Years’ War<br />The long standing dispute between England and France led to a large scale war.<br />Cause of the war: Edward III held land since he’s a vassal of the French king.<br />Edward III also tried to seize the French throne since he’s also a nephew of the king.<br />During the first phase of war, England defeated France.<br />
  12. 12. Hundred Years’ War<br />It was due to the new weapon, longbow.<br />Unlike the traditional crossbow, long bow is a much advantageous.<br />Longbow can shoot faster and farther.<br />With this weapon, English foot soldier can easily kill the French cavalry who are only good there.<br />Also allowed less wealthy men to become soldiers.<br />This war caused great destruction in France since the war was fought mostly on French land.<br />Battle of Agincourt- a great triumph for the English.<br />
  13. 13. Hundred Years’ War<br />This battle gave Henry V, the king of England, most of the part of Northern France.<br />This also led to the signing of treaty on 1420, wherein the marriage of Henry V and Catherine, king’s daughter was set.<br />
  14. 14. Featured personSt. Joan of Arc<br />A 17 year old peasant<br />She received a vision from our Lord that <br /> he would be able to save France from English forces.<br />That’s why she persuaded the Dauphin (French Prince) to let her join the French forces.<br />They won at the battle of Orleans.<br />After succeeding in different battles, Joan was captured by the King’s opponents and was sent to English court.<br />
  15. 15. Featured personSt. Joan of Arc<br />She was accused of heresy and being a witch.<br />She was executed by burning her on a stake.<br />Her legacy became the inspiration of the French to continue their fight.<br />
  16. 16. Results of the Hundred Years’ WarFrance Won!!!<br />Their victory gave them sense of unity.<br />The previous war also served as an opportunity for the king to increase tax.<br />With increased tax, can already hire loyal soldiers.<br />With loyal soldiers, control country more tightly.<br />Louis XI-successor of Charles VII<br />Louis is also called as the “Spider” of his opponents due to his shrewd tactics.<br />
  17. 17. Results of the Hundred Years’ WarFrance Won!!!<br />He defeated Charles the Bold, the duke of Burgundy, by supporting the Swiss campaign against Burgundy.<br />When Charles the Bold died in battle, he seized the rich lands of Burgundy.<br />With these tactics, he was able to set the foundation for the French absolute monarchy.<br />
  18. 18. The Defeat of England<br />The consequence of the war to England was very different.<br />Monarchy was weakened.<br />The noble families were the ones who dominated the government.<br />Henry VI, who inherited the throne when he was infant, became powerless.<br />The Royal family (Plantagenets Dynasty) was weakened further when it was divided into two factions, the House of York and Lancaster. <br />
  19. 19. The Defeat of England<br />When the duke of York challenged Henry VI’s right to the throne, civil war broke out.<br />This war was called Wars of Roses.<br />Roses because the emblems of the two factions are both roses (House of York for White roses and House of Lancaster for Red roses) <br />Henry Tudor, a member of the house of Lancaster won against King Richard III, a member of House of York.<br /> <br />
  20. 20. The Defeat of England<br />He finally ended the war and established his own dynasty whose aim is to unite England.<br />He became Henry VII.<br />He married Elizabeth of York.<br />The dynasty he formed was known as the Tudor dynasty which ruled England from 1485 to 1603. <br />
  21. 21. Decline of Papal Authority<br />The weakening of papacy started during the rule of Pope Boniface VIII.<br />He had a conflict with Philip IV of France when Philip defied the Church law of not imposing tax on clergy or to the Church.<br />Pope Boniface VIII threatened Philip of excommunication but the French king insisted on his decision.<br />Philip, again, defied the Church by arresting and trying in a civil court a French bishop.<br /> <br />
  22. 22. Decline of Papal Authority<br />When Pope Boniface VIII issued a decree condemning Philip’s acts and insisting that the Pope is more powerful than other rulers, Philip sent his soldiers to arrest the pope.<br />The pope was released later on but the pope died a month later.<br />Clement V, a friend of Philip IV, succeeded Boniface.<br />Not wanting to leave his native land, he built a new capital in Avignon, France.<br />
  23. 23. Decline of Papal Authority<br />From that time on, the papal capital was in Avignon and all the laws formulated by those popes were influenced by the French king and, thus, favorable to France.<br />It was known in Italy as Babylonian Captivity.<br />The papacy returned to Italy by 1377.<br />The political rivalry for the papacy still persisted.<br />In 1378, Urban VI was elected by the Romans and not of Cardinals.<br />
  24. 24. Decline of Papal Authority<br />The cardinals clashed with him and they elected Clement VII instead as a pope.<br />Clement VII set his capital on Avignon.<br />The division of the Church into two leadership was known as the Great Schism<br />Schism means division.<br />
  25. 25. Ready?<br />
  26. 26. Quiz<br />Give one of the factors that brought to the end of Middle Ages.<br />The battle during the Hundred Years’ War that was considered as the great triumph for the English forces.<br />The 17 year old peasant who saw a vision that she was sent by our Lord to save France from the war and finally, was able to join the French forces.<br />Give one of the factions of the Plantagenets dynasty.<br />The event when the church leadership was divided into two.<br />
  27. 27. Bonus<br />The capital of the papacy after Clement V, the friend of Philip IV, seated as pope. <br />How do the Italians call the event when the papal capital was transferred to France? <br />
  28. 28. Quiz (Answers)<br />Answers may vary (bastanandunsa given)<br />Battle of Agincourt<br />St. Joan of Arc or Joan of Arc<br />House of York or House of Lancaster<br />Great Schism<br />Bonus (Answers)<br />Avignon, France<br />Babylonian Captivity<br /> <br /> <br /> <br /> <br />