Creating Walkable, Livable Communities <ul><li>June 1 st , 2009 </li></ul>Sheri Newbold - live-work-play Justin Fogle – Ur...
Vision Walkable, Livable Communities WLC
Vision An urban community that: <ul><li>Provides beautiful, livable homes for all Seattleites in: </li></ul><ul><li>Neighb...
Premises Growth <ul><li>The City of Seattle is projected to grow by 240,000 to 350,000 people in the next 30 years; </li><...
Premises Sprawl around Seattle <ul><li>Aurora 99 </li></ul>WLC
Premises 2 WLC Evolving Views of Cities and CO
Premises Density per square mile WLC
Premises <ul><li>Seattle Land Use Map </li></ul>WLC Other Zones in Seattle Single Family Zone King County Water Roughly 65...
Premises Growth <ul><li>Prior to now, increases have only been in Multifamily Zones.  </li></ul><ul><li>We need more housi...
Challenges To adapting our neighborhoods for more people <ul><li>Negative perceptions against increasing density </li></ul...
Challenges Negative perceptions (street presence) WLC
Challenges Negative perceptions (lower property value) WLC
Challenges Negative perceptions (parking) WLC
Challenges Negative perceptions (crime/safety) WLC
Challenges Current land-use regulations <ul><li>Commercial </li></ul>WLC
Challenges Current land-use regulations <ul><li>Residential </li></ul>WLC
Analysis Existing single family condition: <ul><li>Density:  8 units per acre </li></ul>WLC 50’ 100’
Analysis Single family home <ul><li>Wallingford </li></ul>WLC
Analysis Prominent garages <ul><li>Ballard </li></ul>WLC
Analysis Single family home <ul><li>Magnolia single family house </li></ul>WLC
Analysis History: <ul><li>Other uses and buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Cottage Housing, Duplexes, Triplexes </li></ul><ul><l...
Analysis Other Uses <ul><li>Capitol Hill </li></ul>WLC
Analysis Other uses <ul><li>Ballard </li></ul>WLC
Analysis Cottages from the past <ul><li>Capitol Hill </li></ul>WLC
Analysis Cottages from the past <ul><li>Capitol Hill </li></ul>WLC
Analysis Cottages from the past <ul><li>Squire Park </li></ul>WLC
Analysis Recent cottages – Demonstration Project <ul><li>Squire Park </li></ul>WLC
Analysis Recent cottages – Demonstration Project <ul><li>Ravenna </li></ul>WLC
Analysis Fourplex <ul><li>Queen Anne Single Family Neighborhood </li></ul>WLC
Analysis Mixed housing types from the past <ul><li>Capitol Hill </li></ul>WLC
Analysis Allow variety again <ul><li>Currently, the uses we just discussed are generally not allowed in Seattle Single Fam...
Vision:  Refined Increase variety in Single Family Zones <ul><li>Create more housing options for more household types. </l...
Recommendation Housing types that easily fit within the single-family context: <ul><li>Backyard Cottages (just approved!) ...
Recommendation Backyard Cottages <ul><li>Backyard cottage on alley – density 16 units per acre  </li></ul>WLC 50’ 100’
Recommendation Backyard Cottages <ul><li>Backyard cottage accessed from front – density 16 units per acre </li></ul>WLC 50...
Recommendation Backyard Cottages <ul><li>Carriage house on alley – density 16 units per acre  </li></ul>WLC 50’ 100’
Recommendation Backyard Cottages <ul><li>Carriage house accessed from front – density 16 units per acre  </li></ul>WLC 50’...
Recommendation Cottage housing WLC
Recommendation Cottage housing <ul><li>Density – 8-22 units per acre </li></ul>WLC 100’ 100’
Recommendation Duplexes <ul><li>Queen Anne </li></ul>WLC
Recommendation Duplexes <ul><li>Queen Anne </li></ul>WLC
Recommendation Duplexes <ul><li>Queen Anne </li></ul>WLC
Recommendation Duplexes <ul><li>Queen Anne </li></ul>WLC
Recommendation Triplexes <ul><li>Wallingford </li></ul>WLC
Recommendation Triplexes <ul><li>Fremont </li></ul>WLC
Recommendation Triplexes <ul><li>Beacon Hill </li></ul>WLC
Recommendation Duplexes <ul><li>Side by side duplex – density 16 units per acre </li></ul>WLC 100’ 25’ 25’
Recommendation Flex houses <ul><li>Phase 1 – Two Separate Units; density 16+ units per acre </li></ul>WLC 50’ 100’
Recommendation Flex houses <ul><li>Phase 2 – Single Family House; density 8 units per acre </li></ul>WLC 100’ 50’
Recommendation Flex houses <ul><li>Phase 3 – Two Separate Units; density 16+ units per acre </li></ul>WLC 50’ 100’
Recommendation Ideas that can adapt to the single family context: <ul><li>Housing variety </li></ul><ul><li>Rowhouses </li...
Recommendation Housing Variety <ul><li>Typical Chicago neighborhood </li></ul>WLC
Recommendation Rowhouses <ul><li>New Holly </li></ul>WLC
Recommendation Rowhouses <ul><li>Washington, D.C. </li></ul>WLC
Recommendation Rowhouses <ul><li>Issaquah Highlands </li></ul>WLC
Recommendation Courtyard housing <ul><li>Capitol Hill </li></ul>WLC
Recommendation Courtyard housing <ul><li>Capitol Hill </li></ul>WLC
Recommendation Courtyard housing <ul><li>Capitol Hill </li></ul>WLC
Recommendation Courtyard housing <ul><li>Squire Park </li></ul>WLC
Recommendation Smaller Lots <ul><li>Central Area </li></ul>WLC
Recommendation On Corner Lots: <ul><li>Allow double houses </li></ul><ul><li>Allow corner stores and other small scale mix...
Recommendation Double houses on Corner Lots <ul><li>Squire Park </li></ul>WLC
Recommendation Double Houses on Corner Lots <ul><li>Current condition – density 8 units per acre </li></ul>WLC 50’ 100’
Recommendation Double Houses on Corner Lots <ul><li>Second house added – density doubled on corner lot </li></ul>WLC 50’ 5...
Recommendation Corner stores  <ul><li>Phinney Ridge </li></ul>WLC
Recommendation Corner stores  <ul><li>Queen Anne </li></ul>WLC
Recommendation Redesign streets and sidewalks <ul><li>SEA Streets </li></ul>WLC
Recommendation Redesign Alleys <ul><li>Washington, D.C. </li></ul>WLC
Recommendation Redesign Alleys <ul><li>Capitol Hill </li></ul>WLC
Review Our Recommendations <ul><li>Variety </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptability </li></ul>WLC
Implementation Neighborhood Fit: <ul><li>Administrative Design Review </li></ul><ul><li>Ways to encourage keeping existing...
Implementation Affordability: <ul><li>Public/private and non-profit partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Land trusts </li></ul><...
Collaboration Stakeholders: <ul><li>Single Family residents and neighborhoods </li></ul><ul><li>Local Agencies </li></ul><...
Summary This study was driven by a shared vision of a community that: <ul><li>Provides beautiful, livable homes for all Se...
Conclusion Zoning terminology has changed over the years. <ul><li>Benefits Homeowners. </li></ul>WLC Many of these are old...
Regional Inspiration City of Redmond Housing Choices <ul><li>Innovation in housing choices </li></ul><ul><li>City of Santa...
Regional Inspiration Portland Narrow Lot Housing Competition WLC www.livingsmartpdx.com
Regional Inspiration Portland Courtyard Housing Competition WLC www.courtyardhousing.org
Regional Inspiration City of Redmond Housing Choices WLC www.redmond.gov/insidecityhall/planning/compplanning/hchoices.asp...
Regional Inspiration City of Santa Cruz ADU Guides WLC www.ci.santa-cruz.ca.us/pl/hcd/ADU/adu.html
Our Thanks <ul><li>Walkable, Livable Communities Charrette Participants, October 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Seattle Great City...
Your Thoughts What is a Walkable, Livable Community to you? If you would like to be involved, please contact us at: <ul><l...
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Walkable Livable Communities

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  • Sheri: Hello. First we’d like to start by finding out more about you. I’m going to ask a few questions now. Please just raise your hands in response. How many people here live in cities or towns with fewer than 10,000 people? How many with fewer than 50,000? fewer than 100,000? More than 300,000? How many people here work for a not-for-profit? For a government agency? As a design or construction professional? Thanks –It’s good for us to know who we are talking with. Justin, Jim and I are on the steering committee of the Seattle chapter of the NW Ecobuilding Guild. The Guild is an all volunteer-run not-for-profit that promotes leadership in education to transform the built environment and build a sustainable society. Now we will quickly and briefly introduce ourselves. Justin, Jim, I am a residential architect in Seattle practicing green design, and am the owner of my own firm—live-work-play. We really love the energy of an urban area, and believe it would be beautiful for Seattle to become more urban, and for the single family neighborhoods especially to have more kinds of housing to contribute to the energy of the city. We are passionate about this, which turned into the Walkable Livable Communities charrette, which the Guild held last autumn, and our October 2007 education event was a presentation and discussion of the outcome of that charrette. Today, our talk is the next phase of this exploration. The ideas we are discussing today were generated for Seattle, but we believe that they apply most anywhere that single family neighborhoods can change. We are glad to be here today to have this conversation with you.
  • Walkable Livable Communities

    1. 1. Creating Walkable, Livable Communities <ul><li>June 1 st , 2009 </li></ul>Sheri Newbold - live-work-play Justin Fogle – Urban Green Institute Jim Burton - BLIP Design NW EcoBuilding Guild http://cps.ecobuilding.org
    2. 2. Vision Walkable, Livable Communities WLC
    3. 3. Vision An urban community that: <ul><li>Provides beautiful, livable homes for all Seattleites in: </li></ul><ul><li>Neighborhoods that are in harmony with nature, which: </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage compact, vibrant communities and: </li></ul><ul><li>Where housing is affordable to all. </li></ul>WLC
    4. 4. Premises Growth <ul><li>The City of Seattle is projected to grow by 240,000 to 350,000 people in the next 30 years; </li></ul><ul><li>Sprawl is negative in many ways: </li></ul>WLC
    5. 5. Premises Sprawl around Seattle <ul><li>Aurora 99 </li></ul>WLC
    6. 6. Premises 2 WLC Evolving Views of Cities and CO
    7. 7. Premises Density per square mile WLC
    8. 8. Premises <ul><li>Seattle Land Use Map </li></ul>WLC Other Zones in Seattle Single Family Zone King County Water Roughly 65% of Seattle’s land is zoned for single family houses only.
    9. 9. Premises Growth <ul><li>Prior to now, increases have only been in Multifamily Zones. </li></ul><ul><li>We need more housing options in Seattle, including in Single-Family neighborhoods. </li></ul>WLC
    10. 10. Challenges To adapting our neighborhoods for more people <ul><li>Negative perceptions against increasing density </li></ul><ul><li>Current land-use regulations; </li></ul><ul><li>Dependence on the automobile </li></ul>WLC
    11. 11. Challenges Negative perceptions (street presence) WLC
    12. 12. Challenges Negative perceptions (lower property value) WLC
    13. 13. Challenges Negative perceptions (parking) WLC
    14. 14. Challenges Negative perceptions (crime/safety) WLC
    15. 15. Challenges Current land-use regulations <ul><li>Commercial </li></ul>WLC
    16. 16. Challenges Current land-use regulations <ul><li>Residential </li></ul>WLC
    17. 17. Analysis Existing single family condition: <ul><li>Density: 8 units per acre </li></ul>WLC 50’ 100’
    18. 18. Analysis Single family home <ul><li>Wallingford </li></ul>WLC
    19. 19. Analysis Prominent garages <ul><li>Ballard </li></ul>WLC
    20. 20. Analysis Single family home <ul><li>Magnolia single family house </li></ul>WLC
    21. 21. Analysis History: <ul><li>Other uses and buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Cottage Housing, Duplexes, Triplexes </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed housing types </li></ul>WLC
    22. 22. Analysis Other Uses <ul><li>Capitol Hill </li></ul>WLC
    23. 23. Analysis Other uses <ul><li>Ballard </li></ul>WLC
    24. 24. Analysis Cottages from the past <ul><li>Capitol Hill </li></ul>WLC
    25. 25. Analysis Cottages from the past <ul><li>Capitol Hill </li></ul>WLC
    26. 26. Analysis Cottages from the past <ul><li>Squire Park </li></ul>WLC
    27. 27. Analysis Recent cottages – Demonstration Project <ul><li>Squire Park </li></ul>WLC
    28. 28. Analysis Recent cottages – Demonstration Project <ul><li>Ravenna </li></ul>WLC
    29. 29. Analysis Fourplex <ul><li>Queen Anne Single Family Neighborhood </li></ul>WLC
    30. 30. Analysis Mixed housing types from the past <ul><li>Capitol Hill </li></ul>WLC
    31. 31. Analysis Allow variety again <ul><li>Currently, the uses we just discussed are generally not allowed in Seattle Single Family Zones: </li></ul><ul><li>Backyard Cottages (just allowed throughout the city) </li></ul><ul><li>Cottage housing </li></ul><ul><li>Duplexes and Triplexes </li></ul><ul><li>Other uses (cafe, small restaurant, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed housing types </li></ul><ul><li>Smaller lots </li></ul>WLC
    32. 32. Vision: Refined Increase variety in Single Family Zones <ul><li>Create more housing options for more household types. </li></ul><ul><li>Smaller homes on smaller lots are more affordable. </li></ul><ul><li>More variety and people inspire walkability. </li></ul>WLC
    33. 33. Recommendation Housing types that easily fit within the single-family context: <ul><li>Backyard Cottages (just approved!) </li></ul><ul><li>Cottage housing </li></ul><ul><li>Duplexes </li></ul><ul><li>Triplexes </li></ul><ul><li>Flex houses </li></ul>WLC
    34. 34. Recommendation Backyard Cottages <ul><li>Backyard cottage on alley – density 16 units per acre </li></ul>WLC 50’ 100’
    35. 35. Recommendation Backyard Cottages <ul><li>Backyard cottage accessed from front – density 16 units per acre </li></ul>WLC 50’ 100’
    36. 36. Recommendation Backyard Cottages <ul><li>Carriage house on alley – density 16 units per acre </li></ul>WLC 50’ 100’
    37. 37. Recommendation Backyard Cottages <ul><li>Carriage house accessed from front – density 16 units per acre </li></ul>WLC 50’ 100’
    38. 38. Recommendation Cottage housing WLC
    39. 39. Recommendation Cottage housing <ul><li>Density – 8-22 units per acre </li></ul>WLC 100’ 100’
    40. 40. Recommendation Duplexes <ul><li>Queen Anne </li></ul>WLC
    41. 41. Recommendation Duplexes <ul><li>Queen Anne </li></ul>WLC
    42. 42. Recommendation Duplexes <ul><li>Queen Anne </li></ul>WLC
    43. 43. Recommendation Duplexes <ul><li>Queen Anne </li></ul>WLC
    44. 44. Recommendation Triplexes <ul><li>Wallingford </li></ul>WLC
    45. 45. Recommendation Triplexes <ul><li>Fremont </li></ul>WLC
    46. 46. Recommendation Triplexes <ul><li>Beacon Hill </li></ul>WLC
    47. 47. Recommendation Duplexes <ul><li>Side by side duplex – density 16 units per acre </li></ul>WLC 100’ 25’ 25’
    48. 48. Recommendation Flex houses <ul><li>Phase 1 – Two Separate Units; density 16+ units per acre </li></ul>WLC 50’ 100’
    49. 49. Recommendation Flex houses <ul><li>Phase 2 – Single Family House; density 8 units per acre </li></ul>WLC 100’ 50’
    50. 50. Recommendation Flex houses <ul><li>Phase 3 – Two Separate Units; density 16+ units per acre </li></ul>WLC 50’ 100’
    51. 51. Recommendation Ideas that can adapt to the single family context: <ul><li>Housing variety </li></ul><ul><li>Rowhouses </li></ul><ul><li>Courtyard housing </li></ul><ul><li>Smaller lots </li></ul>WLC
    52. 52. Recommendation Housing Variety <ul><li>Typical Chicago neighborhood </li></ul>WLC
    53. 53. Recommendation Rowhouses <ul><li>New Holly </li></ul>WLC
    54. 54. Recommendation Rowhouses <ul><li>Washington, D.C. </li></ul>WLC
    55. 55. Recommendation Rowhouses <ul><li>Issaquah Highlands </li></ul>WLC
    56. 56. Recommendation Courtyard housing <ul><li>Capitol Hill </li></ul>WLC
    57. 57. Recommendation Courtyard housing <ul><li>Capitol Hill </li></ul>WLC
    58. 58. Recommendation Courtyard housing <ul><li>Capitol Hill </li></ul>WLC
    59. 59. Recommendation Courtyard housing <ul><li>Squire Park </li></ul>WLC
    60. 60. Recommendation Smaller Lots <ul><li>Central Area </li></ul>WLC
    61. 61. Recommendation On Corner Lots: <ul><li>Allow double houses </li></ul><ul><li>Allow corner stores and other small scale mixed uses </li></ul>WLC
    62. 62. Recommendation Double houses on Corner Lots <ul><li>Squire Park </li></ul>WLC
    63. 63. Recommendation Double Houses on Corner Lots <ul><li>Current condition – density 8 units per acre </li></ul>WLC 50’ 100’
    64. 64. Recommendation Double Houses on Corner Lots <ul><li>Second house added – density doubled on corner lot </li></ul>WLC 50’ 50’ 50’
    65. 65. Recommendation Corner stores <ul><li>Phinney Ridge </li></ul>WLC
    66. 66. Recommendation Corner stores <ul><li>Queen Anne </li></ul>WLC
    67. 67. Recommendation Redesign streets and sidewalks <ul><li>SEA Streets </li></ul>WLC
    68. 68. Recommendation Redesign Alleys <ul><li>Washington, D.C. </li></ul>WLC
    69. 69. Recommendation Redesign Alleys <ul><li>Capitol Hill </li></ul>WLC
    70. 70. Review Our Recommendations <ul><li>Variety </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptability </li></ul>WLC
    71. 71. Implementation Neighborhood Fit: <ul><li>Administrative Design Review </li></ul><ul><li>Ways to encourage keeping existing structures </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-designed, pre-approved plans </li></ul>WLC
    72. 72. Implementation Affordability: <ul><li>Public/private and non-profit partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Land trusts </li></ul><ul><li>Government/Agency Facilitation </li></ul><ul><li>Size Matters </li></ul><ul><li>Shared amenities / services </li></ul>WLC
    73. 73. Collaboration Stakeholders: <ul><li>Single Family residents and neighborhoods </li></ul><ul><li>Local Agencies </li></ul><ul><li>All urban residents </li></ul><ul><li>Outreach: </li></ul><ul><li>Community group presentations </li></ul><ul><li>Public Agency presentations </li></ul>WLC
    74. 74. Summary This study was driven by a shared vision of a community that: <ul><li>Provides beautiful, livable homes for all Seattleites in: </li></ul><ul><li>Neighborhoods that are in harmony with nature that: </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage compact, vibrant communities and: </li></ul><ul><li>Where housing is affordable to all. </li></ul>WLC
    75. 75. Conclusion Zoning terminology has changed over the years. <ul><li>Benefits Homeowners. </li></ul>WLC Many of these are old ideas. Is it time to redefine our in-city residential neighborhoods?
    76. 76. Regional Inspiration City of Redmond Housing Choices <ul><li>Innovation in housing choices </li></ul><ul><li>City of Santa Cruz, California </li></ul><ul><li>Accessory dwelling unit manual </li></ul>WLC City of Portland, Oregon <ul><li>Innovative Housing Design Competitions </li></ul>
    77. 77. Regional Inspiration Portland Narrow Lot Housing Competition WLC www.livingsmartpdx.com
    78. 78. Regional Inspiration Portland Courtyard Housing Competition WLC www.courtyardhousing.org
    79. 79. Regional Inspiration City of Redmond Housing Choices WLC www.redmond.gov/insidecityhall/planning/compplanning/hchoices.asp <ul><li>Allows: </li></ul><ul><li>Attached and Detached Accessory Dwelling Units </li></ul><ul><li>Backyard Homes </li></ul><ul><li>Cottages </li></ul><ul><li>Encourages: </li></ul><ul><li>Other innovative housing types </li></ul>
    80. 80. Regional Inspiration City of Santa Cruz ADU Guides WLC www.ci.santa-cruz.ca.us/pl/hcd/ADU/adu.html
    81. 81. Our Thanks <ul><li>Walkable, Livable Communities Charrette Participants, October 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Seattle Great City Initiative </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable Ballard </li></ul><ul><li>Housing Washington 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Seattle Planning Commission </li></ul><ul><li>Seattle Department of Neighborhoods </li></ul>WLC
    82. 82. Your Thoughts What is a Walkable, Livable Community to you? If you would like to be involved, please contact us at: <ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>WLC NW EcoBuilding Guild Building practices that foster health, conservation and long-term economic vitality.

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