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Self disclosure


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Self disclosure

  1. 1. Self-Disclosure
  2. 2. What is Self-Disclosure Transferring information from the hidden self to the open self Can be consciously or unconsciously done Includes disclosing information about others which will impact oneself Irreversible
  3. 3. 1. Who We Are – our personality ex. introverted/extroverted, confidence - the more social a person is, the more likely they will self-disclose
  4. 4. 2. Culture – different cultures have different views on self-disclosure, and the topics you disclose aboutEx. masculine versus feminine cultures (the showing of emotions)
  5. 5. 3. Gender – the male and female psyche are inherently different ex. women tend to disclose more than men4. The Listener – the no. of listeners (generally, the more listeners, the less willing to self-disclose) - the relationship with the listener/listeners - liking those with whom you self-disclose - the dyadic effect
  6. 6. 5. Topic – certain topics are more “taboo” than others6. Channel of Communication– actually affects our willingness to self-discloseEx. Online versus face-to-face
  7. 7. a. Revealing too much-“knowledge is power”-people can use informationfor other purposesb. Rejection/Loss of Self-Confidence- people might not support or like what you disclose about yourselfRisks
  8. 8. c. Material Loss- sensitive information, if revealed, can cause a person to lose his job, status, ranking, etc.Risks
  9. 9. 1. Self-Knowledge/Understanding- gain insight and a new perspective on oneself2. Coping with Problems- lighten the “burden” of a problem- support/advice coming from others helpsRewards
  10. 10. 3. Improving Communication with Others- the more we understand the other person, the better we can communicate with them4. Establish Meaningful Relationships- self-disclosing shows trust to that person, while listening to the other shows respect and careRewards
  11. 11. Guidelines for Self-Disclosing1. Making Self-Disclosures2. Responding to Disclosures3. Resisting Pressure to Self- Disclose
  12. 12. Making Disclosures RAB-OPReason – examine own motivationsAppropriateness – is the context, relationship, time and place appropriate?Burdens – consider the burdens the disclosure might cause you or the listenerOther Person - give others a chance to reciprocate with their own disclosures
  13. 13. Responding to Disclosures HELBRHush – keep disclosures confidentialEncourage – express support for the personListen – listen actively, with empathy and with an open mind(don’t) Blackmail – don’t use disclosure against the otherRespond – reciprocate by also disclosing
  14. 14. Resisting Pressure to Self-Disclose RIAResist – don’t get pushed into saying something you don’t want toIndirect – change the topic and avoid questions that prompt you to self- discloseAssert Position – directly but respectfully refuse