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Grammar Tenses

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Grammar Tenses

  1. 1. Grammar tenses
  2. 2. We are interested in verb tenses ...
  3. 3. <ul><li>Every verb form (tense) has two elements of meaning: </li></ul><ul><li>                                      1. Time , </li></ul><ul><li>                                       2. Attitude . </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Time shows when the action happens. </li></ul><ul><li><Back </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Attitude shows our interest in the action. </li></ul><ul><li>End > </li></ul>
  6. 6. We are interested in verb tenses, because e very verb form (tense) has two elements of meaning 1. Time ,       2. Attitude .
  7. 7. Present Continuous / Progressive <ul><li>am </li></ul><ul><li>is + Verb ing </li></ul><ul><li>are </li></ul><ul><li>Now, </li></ul><ul><li>At the moment </li></ul><ul><li>Look! </li></ul><ul><li>Listen! </li></ul>
  8. 8. Present Simple / Indefinite <ul><li>Verb 1 ( -s/- es ) </li></ul><ul><li>Usually, </li></ul><ul><li>often, </li></ul><ul><li>every … , </li></ul><ul><li>sometimes, </li></ul><ul><li>always. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>We use – es – </li></ul><ul><li>-ss, -sh, -ch, -o, -x </li></ul><ul><li>< Back </li></ul>
  10. 10. Present Perfect ! <ul><li>Have </li></ul><ul><li>Has + Verb 3 (-ed) </li></ul><ul><li>already, </li></ul><ul><li>ever, </li></ul><ul><li>never, </li></ul><ul><li>just </li></ul><ul><li>since, </li></ul><ul><li>yet (in ‘?’ / ‘--’). </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>We are interested in </li></ul><ul><li>the RESULT OF THE ACTION! </li></ul><ul><li>< Back </li></ul>
  12. 12. Present Perfect Continuous <ul><li>??? </li></ul>
  13. 13. PAST TENSES
  14. 14. Past Continuous <ul><li>was </li></ul><ul><li>were + Verb ing </li></ul><ul><li>yesterday at ….. </li></ul><ul><li>When smb. came, … </li></ul>
  15. 15. Past Simple / Indefinite <ul><li>Verb 2 (-ed) </li></ul><ul><li>yesterday, </li></ul><ul><li>ago, </li></ul><ul><li>last </li></ul>
  16. 16. Past Perfect <ul><li>Had + Verb 3 (-ed) </li></ul><ul><li>Yesterday by … </li></ul><ul><li>Before you came </li></ul>
  17. 17. Past Perfect Continuous <ul><li>??? </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>FUTURE TENSES </li></ul>

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