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Public and-private-documents

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This is a powerpoint presentation about Public and Private documents which are used in Investigative Journalism and news gathering. This is one of my notes in my mass communication classes that i am sharing here.

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Public and-private-documents

  1. 1. The News Sources & TheirProtection  The Source-Reporter relationship  The Sotto Law  Anonymous Source vs. Confidential Source  Children and Women Protection Laws  Public and Private Documents
  2. 2. DOCUMENTS Public or Private?
  3. 3. The Paper Trail One of the investigative trail in IJ Documentary research Involves the use of public & private records Classified as Primary and Secondary sources Types of Documents: Public Records and Non-Public Records
  4. 4. Classification of DocumentsSources Primary Source : unpublished documents (Public & Non-Public)
  5. 5. Classification of DocumentsSources Primary Source : unpublished documents (Public & Non-Public) Secondary Source : previously published books, reports, articles, etc.
  6. 6. Classification of DocumentsSources Primary Source : unpublished documents (Public & Non-Public) Secondary Source : previously published books, reports, articles, etc.  Newspapers & other periodicals  Corporate Reports  Directories & Yearbooks  Biographies & Family Genealogies  Specialized Publications: Industry studies, donor reports, etc.
  7. 7. Newspapers
  8. 8. Classification of DocumentsSources Primary Source : unpublished documents (Public & Non-Public) Secondary Source : previously published books, reports, articles, etc.  Newspapers & other periodicals  Corporate Reports  Directories & Yearbooks  Biographies & Family Genealogies  Specialized Publications: Industry studies, donor reports, etc.
  9. 9. Corporate Reports
  10. 10. Classification of DocumentsSources Primary Source : unpublished documents (Public & Non-Public) Secondary Source : previously published books, reports, articles, etc.  Newspapers & other periodicals  Corporate Reports  Directories & Yearbooks  Biographies & Family Genealogies  Specialized Publications: Industry studies, donor reports, etc.
  11. 11. Directories
  12. 12. Directories
  13. 13. YearBooks
  14. 14. Classification of Documents 1- Helps you know: Sources □ the subjectWhat is secondary □ the law/procedures sources for? □ the structures and  Primary Source : unpublishedprocesses documents 2- So you know how  Secondary Source : previouslyto proceed published books, reports, articles, etc.  Newspapers & other periodicals  Corporate Reports  Directories & Yearbooks  Biographies & Family Genealogies  Specialized Publications: Industry studies, donor reports, etc.
  15. 15. Types of PrimaryDocuments Company PUBLIC Documents: websites, publications  Corporate Records  Property Records SE  SALN C  Court Records  Audit Reports  Budgets  Contracts  Election & Campaign Records
  16. 16. Types of PrimaryDocuments Assessor’s PUBLIC Documents: Office  Corporate Records  Property Records Registry  SALN of Deeds  Court Records  Audit Reports  Budgets  Contracts  Election & Campaign Records
  17. 17. Types of PrimaryDocuments Office of the Ombudsman PUBLIC Documents:  Corporate Records  Property Records  SALN  Court Records Clerk of  Audit Reports Court of the  Budgets Supreme Court  Contracts  Election & Campaign Records
  18. 18. Types of PrimaryDocuments Clerk of PUBLIC Documents: Court or the Criminal  Corporate Records Record  Property Records Section  SALN  Court Records  Audit Reports Prosecutor’s Office  Budgets (Receiving/Filin  Contracts g Clerk)  Election & Campaign Records
  19. 19. Types of PrimaryDocuments PUBLIC Documents:  Corporate Records  Property Records  SALN COA  Court Records  Audit Reports  Budgets LGU  Contracts  Election & Campaign Records
  20. 20. Types of PrimaryDocuments PUBLIC Documents:  Corporate Records  Property Records  SALN  Court Records  Audit Reports DBM  Budgets  Contracts LGU  Election & Campaign Records
  21. 21. Types of PrimaryDocuments PUBLIC Documents:  Corporate Records  Property Records  SALN Contractors  Court Records Agency LGU  Audit Reports Legislative  Budgets Council  Contracts  Election & Campaign Records
  22. 22. Types of PrimaryDocuments PUBLIC Documents:  Corporate Records  Property Records  SALN  Court Records  Audit Reports COMELEC  Budgets  Contracts  Election & Campaign Records
  23. 23. Types of PrimaryDocuments source: pcij Non-PUBLIC Documents:  Investigative files  Pending Administrative Cases @ the Ombudsman  Juvenile Court Records  On-going police investigations  Intelligence reports  Classified/Top Secret files  Bank records  Income tax returns  Credit investigations  Medical/psychiatric files  Other Personal Records  Birth Certificate  201 File  Pay Slips
  24. 24. When you’re denied a publicrecord … source: pcij Assert your right to information. (When laws guarantee access) Follow-up. Follow-up. Follow-up. Write a demand letter to the agency and quote the law. If there are disciplining agencies, let the instance known to them. Another person or office could have a copy. Remember that these documents often have more than one copy.
  25. 25. Obstacles to access toinformation remain source: pcij Culture of secrecy Political intervention Lack of public information about … the right to information procedures to access information Unclear/undefined laws and procedures Inadequate/undeveloped information infrastructure
  26. 26. Documents are precious, but… source: pcij Be cautious: Avoid being rash and jumping to conclusions Documents can contain information that may already be passé Even if published, information must be verified Remember that documents, like people, can lie

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