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Web Content Strategy - How to Plan for, Create and Publish Online Content for Maximum ROI

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A presentation from Joe Pulizzi (Junta42) and Kristina Halvorson (Brain Traffic) on February 6, 2009 Online Marketing Summit in San Diego.

The presentation goes into detail about why marketers have to develop a publishing mindset, why web content strategy is so difficult, and what you can do now to create an effective content strategy and plan within your own organization.

Published in: Business
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Web Content Strategy - How to Plan for, Create and Publish Online Content for Maximum ROI

  1. Web Content Strategy How to Plan for, Create and Publish Online Content for Maximum ROI 6 February 2009
  2. Hello! I’m Kristina Halvorson (@halvorson) <ul><li>President and Founder of Brain Traffic </li></ul><ul><li>We analyze, organize, structure, and write websites </li></ul><ul><li>Worked on hundreds of website redesign projects since 1997 </li></ul><ul><li>Train marketers all over the country to plan, create, and manage web content </li></ul><ul><li>Believe that content matters most and should always be considered first </li></ul>
  3. Hi! I’m Joe Pulizzi (@juntajoe) <ul><li>Founder and Chief Content Officer for Junta42 </li></ul><ul><li>We find content experts to turnkey your web content projects </li></ul><ul><li>Co-author of Get Content. Get Authors. (paperback available in June from McGraw-Hill) </li></ul><ul><li>Speak around the globe about content marketing and how marketers need to be publishers </li></ul><ul><li>You’ll never see me without wearing something that is colored orange…ever </li></ul>Me Your Fearless Leader
  4. THE MOTIVATIONAL INTRODUCTION: Why Content and Why Now?
  5. Marketer or Publisher?
  6. You Are a Publisher <ul><li>Like it or not, you are a publisher, and you need to start acting like one. </li></ul><ul><li>Look at your web marketing activities…starting to feel a lot more like publishing. </li></ul>
  7. What is content? <ul><li>Text </li></ul><ul><li>Graphics </li></ul><ul><li>Video (or Flash) </li></ul><ul><li>Audio </li></ul>
  8. Why does content matter? <ul><li>It tells your story. </li></ul><ul><li>It answers people’s questions. </li></ul><ul><li>It inspires and entertains. </li></ul><ul><li>It motivates. </li></ul><ul><li>It drives decision-making. </li></ul><ul><li>It manages expectations. </li></ul><ul><li>It brings your brand to life. </li></ul><ul><li>It builds – or breaks – trust. </li></ul>
  9. Why does content REALLY matter? <ul><li>It’s what informs customer action … or IN action … both online and off </li></ul>
  10. Take the Sales Hat Off
  11. The Publisher Mindset <ul><li>Organizations are just now beginning to understand that, along with the products and services that they offer, one of their core products is information . </li></ul><ul><li>If not the most important one… </li></ul>
  12. Something to Notice about Media Content <ul><li>The content is always about what the reader needs or wants, not about the company itself. </li></ul><ul><li>This is where most marketers go wrong – they want to talk about their needs/their products/their services. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s all about your customer. </li></ul>
  13. A Look at Social Media <ul><li>For social media to work, it starts with giving something valuable to your customers (can’t be your products and services). </li></ul><ul><li>Listen, then talk… </li></ul>Conversation Prism via Brian Solis
  14. What this is all about… <ul><li>The art of understanding what your customers need to know and delivering it to them in a compelling way. </li></ul>Content Marketing Custom Publishing Branded Content Content Strategy Information Marketing Custom Media Customer Media
  15. The Evolution Has Begun <ul><li>Marketers are starting to get it. </li></ul><ul><li>56% of marketers are increasing their spending on content creation in 2009 (only 13% decrease)* </li></ul><ul><li>Are you going to be the trusted solutions provider, or possibly your competitor? </li></ul>*12/08 Junta42 Study
  16. The Problem and its Impact
  17. <ul><li>content manager </li></ul><ul><li>content administrator </li></ul><ul><li>content engineer </li></ul><ul><li>content coordinator </li></ul><ul><li>content systems lead </li></ul><ul><li>content processor </li></ul><ul><li>content technician </li></ul><ul><li>content assistant </li></ul><ul><li>information architect </li></ul><ul><li>information designer </li></ul><ul><li>information systems lead </li></ul><ul><li>information technologist </li></ul><ul><li>information coordinator </li></ul><ul><li>information manager </li></ul><ul><li>information specialist </li></ul><ul><li>information representative </li></ul><ul><li>experience design </li></ul><ul><li>social media </li></ul><ul><li>metrics + analytics </li></ul><ul><li>content marketing </li></ul><ul><li>behavioral targeting </li></ul><ul><li>mobile marketing </li></ul><ul><li>seo </li></ul><ul><li>and on and on … </li></ul>Lots of attention paid to “shuffling” content … Manage … Structure … Design and share …
  18. But not much attention is paid to creating and overseeing the content, itself. <ul><li>Sourcing </li></ul><ul><li>Copywriting </li></ul><ul><li>Editing </li></ul><ul><li>Proofreading </li></ul>… Where are we going wrong?
  19. Discovery and Definition <ul><li>Visual design </li></ul><ul><li>Function </li></ul><ul><li>Content </li></ul>
  20. Site structure …
  21. Visual design … Technical requirements
  22. TYPICAL WEB PROJECT SCHEDULE
  23. where is the content? Time to “go get the content …”
  24. Where IS the content?
  25. Here’s what happens next. <ul><li>No one has time. </li></ul><ul><li>No one wants to deal with the complexities. </li></ul><ul><li>The writer is overwhelmed by requirements, scope, gaps, and so on. </li></ul><ul><li>The people who didn’t care too much about the project at first come out of the woodwork with new demands. </li></ul><ul><li>The people in charge of creating the website don’t have the tools to help you get your arms around the content. </li></ul><ul><li>No one has time to think about what happens to the content after it launches … which means the content quality has no oversight … which puts you right back at square one in less than a year. </li></ul>
  26. And there goes your schedule/budget/outcome.
  27. The Solution – Start with Content Strategy
  28. Who should own the content? Brand/ Marketing eStrategy IT The Business ?
  29. Fact #1 <ul><li>It’s overwhelming. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s political. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s last-minute. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s a moving target. </li></ul>Content is messy.
  30. Fact #2 <ul><li>Create </li></ul><ul><li>Review </li></ul><ul><li>Approve </li></ul><ul><li>Audit </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze </li></ul><ul><li>Strategize </li></ul><ul><li>Categorize </li></ul><ul><li>Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Create </li></ul><ul><li>Review </li></ul><ul><li>Approve </li></ul><ul><li>Publish </li></ul><ul><li>Update </li></ul><ul><li>Archive </li></ul>Content is far more complicated than we want to accept or believe.
  31. Fact #3 Content is out of your control.
  32. It’s a fact. Content planning and oversight require dedicated resources: time, skill, and meaningful spend. Brand/ Marketing eStrategy IT The Business CONTENT STRATEGY
  33. You are a publisher!
  34. What is content strategy? <ul><li>Content strategy is planning for the creation of useful, usable content. </li></ul><ul><li>Not just WHAT you’re going to publish and WHERE, but WHY. </li></ul><ul><li>Content strategy isn’t just deciding what you’re going to include. It’s deciding what you’re going to leave out. </li></ul>
  35. A web content strategy … <ul><li>Acts as a benchmark for all content-related decisions. </li></ul><ul><li>Offers real-world context for tactical recommendations. </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitates discussion between (and sign-off from) key stakeholders. </li></ul><ul><li>Engages content providers and reviewers early in the web project process. </li></ul><ul><li>Identifies key themes and messages for web writers to use. </li></ul><ul><li>Informs site information architecture. </li></ul><ul><li>Drives metadata creation and assignment. </li></ul>
  36. How does this work? Content Maintenance and Marketing
  37. Website Foundation <ul><li>What are my business objectives? </li></ul><ul><li>What are my users’ (customers’) goals? </li></ul><ul><li>Any content that doesn’t meet these needs is just getting in the way. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid wasting money on designing, creating and maintaining unnecessary content. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep project teams aligned throughout the process. </li></ul></ul>
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  41. Website Content Strategy <ul><li>What content do we want to create, and why? </li></ul><ul><li>How are we going to create it? </li></ul><ul><li>What will happen to it once it goes up on the site? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plan strategically for required content, scope realistically, then scale according to time and budget. </li></ul></ul>
  42. Mapping content to real objectives and goals Key Offerings Website Priorities Business Objectives User Goals EXPLAIN HEALTH INSURANCE PROMOTE HEALTH & WELLNESS BENEFITS EDUCATE ABOUT YOUR HEALTH & WELLNESS AT ANY AGE <ul><li>Strengthen reputation </li></ul><ul><li>Member retention </li></ul><ul><li>Brand differentiation </li></ul><ul><li>Member awareness of and engagement with Women’s Health Line of Service </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen reputation </li></ul><ul><li>Brand differentiation </li></ul><ul><li>Member awareness of and engagement with Women’s Health Line of Service Member retention </li></ul><ul><li>Brand awareness and sales in women–owned/led small business market </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the basics of health insurance </li></ul><ul><li>Decide if this is right for me and my family </li></ul><ul><li>Decide which products are right for me and my family </li></ul><ul><li>Reassure me that my family is getting the right insurance </li></ul><ul><li>Save money </li></ul><ul><li>Reassure me that my family is getting the right insurance </li></ul><ul><li>Get healthy: lose weight, stop smoking, prevent cancer, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Stay healthy: exercise, eat right, preventive care, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Save money </li></ul>Health Insurance Expertise Affordable, Flexible Products Designed for You and Your Family Personalized Focus on Health & Wellness Member Self-Service EXAMPLE
  43. Website Content Strategy: Content Audit <ul><li>Possibly the most important thing you can do to avoid scope creep and minimize risk </li></ul><ul><li>Catalog web pages, print materials, all communications </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct a gap analysis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t commit to content you can’t create or maintain </li></ul></ul>
  44. Content Specifications and Creation <ul><li>Get real-world content specifications as early as possible </li></ul><ul><li>Identify who is responsible for providing, reviewing, and approving the content before writing begins </li></ul><ul><li>Train or hire web writers … it’s a very, very different process and medium from print </li></ul><ul><li>Keep the content audit up-to-date to eliminate redundant workflows among various communicators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure quality and quantity control, informed by clear recommendations and overseen by dedicated resources </li></ul></ul>
  45. Who’s going to do all this work? INFORMATION ARCHITECT DESIGNER SOCIAL MEDIA STRATEGIST MARKETING CONTENT STRATEGIST WEB EDITOR WEB WRITERS QA/PROOFREADERS CONTENT ANALYST SEO/ANALYTICS THE BUSINESS IT SOLUTIONS E-STRATEGY VIDEOGRAPHER AUDIO PRODUCER
  46. Start strategically. Start small. MARKETING CONTENT STRATEGIST WEB WRITERS INFORMATION ARCHITECT SEO/ANALYTICS THE BUSINESS IT SOLUTIONS E-STRATEGY DESIGNER
  47. IN CLOSING Your Key Takeaways
  48. Business Impact of a Content Strategy <ul><li>QUALITATIVE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Engages all stakeholders early in the website project process to ensure alignment, investment, and accountability around content creation and maintenance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides accessible documentation for all project team members to help judge proposed content effectiveness with regard to business objectives and user goals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Results in higher quality content, which improves customer satisfaction, sales leads, online service and support, trust in brand, and so on </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creates true content accountability for all project members early in the process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitates future state content planning (editorial oversight, expansion, maintenance) </li></ul></ul>
  49. Business Impact of a Content Strategy <ul><li>QUANTITATIVE (anecdotal) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Projects driven by web content strategies are completed in up to 25% less time than design-centered projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assuming stakeholders and business requirements remain the same, scope changes during content creation phase happen less than 10% of the time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Client satisfaction with final product is close to 100% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Measurable project objectives are realized within 3-6 months post-launch (with appropriate supporting communications) </li></ul></ul>
  50. In conclusion … <ul><li>Web content is a critical business asset worthy of meaningful spend. </li></ul><ul><li>A website content strategy helps you focus resources on what customers care about, constantly. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t get suckered by agency hype for flashy visuals or Web 2.0 features … stay focused on what you want to say, and why </li></ul><ul><li>Web content is too complicated and time-consuming to be someone’s “sort of” job. </li></ul><ul><li>Make content matter most in your next redesign project </li></ul>
  51. THAT’S IT FOR TODAY Thanks! Kristina Halvorson [email_address] (612) 331-6600 @halvorson Joe Pulizzi [email_address] (216) 941-5842 @juntajoe

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