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Power point (gender roles)


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Power point (gender roles)

  1. 1. Dual-Sharer homes<br />Vs. Traditional homes<br />
  2. 2. Background<br />15 dual-sharer couples had been surveyed, interviewed over the phone to make it into this research<br />75 people overall took the survey but only 15 were actually chosen to continue on<br />Each of the families were observed without involvement by the observer, and also interviewed one on one with an interviewer<br />The families were then placed into one of four categories:<br />Dual-career<br />Dual-nurturer<br />Posttraditional<br />External Circumstances<br />The Dual-career families are career oriented, and split the duties of housekeeping and child bearing<br />9 out of 15 couples included in this research were dual-career<br />The Dual-nurturer families are centered completely on child bearing, that is their main concern as partners<br />2 out of 15 couples were considered to be dual-nurturers<br />
  3. 3. Background - continued<br />The Posttraditional families came from a background of traditional gender roles, but through experience have developed a partnership in housework as well as child bearing duties<br />2 out of 15 couples were considered to be posttraditional families<br />The external circumstances families are families that are forced by either health or financial reasons, that make equal share in all duties the only way to go<br />2 out of 15 couples were considered to be external circumstance families<br />All of the families included in this research all became equal sharer homes, without regard for one another's gender<br />
  4. 4. Hypothesis<br />The main difference between couples being able to equally share the work load vs. couples that aren't able to do so, is communication. <br />I measured communication between the families by visually observing them and how they interact with one another.<br />Another way I measured the communication was based off of five interview questions I asked each individual<br />
  5. 5. Methods<br />I used Naturalistic observations and interviews as my methods<br />I found 2 families by word of mouth <br />One of the families was a traditional gender role family<br />The other was a equal sharer household<br />Both couples were opposite sex marriages, and were within the ages of 22-35<br />The observations were made at random, on any given weeknight, and I was just there to observe (did not interact with the family)<br />The interviews consisted of 5 questions that were given to each couple, individually, on a separate day from the observations<br />The questions were as follows:<br />How do you split the household duties?<br />How do you balance work and the children between the two of you? <br />How did you decide on this type of living situation?<br />How does this decision affect you as a married couple? <br />What would you change if you could about your living situation?<br />
  6. 6. Results - Family #1 (traditional family)<br />When I went to the house for my observation it was on a Tuesday evening<br />The wife had just arrived home from work, picked the kids up from daycare and had gone grocery shopping<br />Once inside, she entertained the children, while making dinner<br />Her husband had been outside in “his” shop<br />Dinner was ready, the wife called her husband in to eat. They did this as a family<br />When dinner was over, the husband went back outside <br />She cleaned up from dinner, played with the children and before tucking them into bed, called her husband in for hugs<br />I found that the husband didn’t interact with not only the kids, but his wife very much<br />
  7. 7. Results - continued<br />The answers to the following questions in this couples interviews were very hostile<br />I have only included some of the questions for simplicity reasons<br />Question 1,“How do you split the household duties” the husbands reply:<br />“I bring home the majority of the money; it’s the least she could do.” <br />The wife’s reply to the same question:<br />“Unless I do it, it won’t get done.”<br />Question 3, “How did you decide on this type of living situation?” <br />The husbands reply: “It’s what works best for all of us. I just make more, so it makes the most sense that she handles the other stuff.” <br />The wife’s response: It just happened this way, I should‘ve spoken up long ago about him helping out more around the house and with the kids.”<br />Throughout the entire interview (5 questions), it was obvious that there was a lack of communication<br />The wife stated that she should have spoken up earlier regarding the living situation but the husband stated “It’s what works best”<br />
  8. 8. Results – continuedFamily #2 (Equal sharer home)<br />When I arrived at this house for observations, it was a Thursday evening:<br />Once home from work, the couple both interacted with the two children<br />Dinner began to be prepared my the mother, with the help of the children seldom<br />The father played with the children when they were not in the kitchen<br />He also asked to assist many times<br />Doing a load of laundry in the interim<br />They sat down and ate dinner together<br />After dinner the husband cleaned up<br />The wife gave the children their baths<br />They then read to the children individually, then switched children and read each another story before tucking them into bed<br />
  9. 9. Results - continued<br />I found the following answers from this couple to be very well communicated<br />Meaning: They both had a very good understanding of why they have chosen to live this lifestyle<br />Question 1, “How do you split the household duties?” the husbands reply:<br />“I try to make sure that I’m doing my fair share of household duties, we don’t necessarily split them…”<br />The wife’s reply:<br />“We didn’t just sit down one day and say “Ok…you take cooking and cleaning and I’ll take baths and dishes.” It was more of a mutual understanding that we would pick up the slack for one another.”<br />Question 3, “How did you decide on this type of living situation?” the husbands reply:<br />“It seemed to be the best option, I wanted to make sure that my wife knew that I was here for her, as a team-mate.”<br />The wife’s reply to the same question:<br />“We sat down prior to getting married and asked each other what we wanted, not just from each other but in a family. At the end of the conversation, we both felt that being each other’s number one priority was what we both felt was what we wanted.”<br />The communication between these two was apparent<br />
  10. 10. Conclusion<br />The two families were complete opposites<br />As a couple, the dual-sharer couple communicated regarding everything<br />Whereas the traditional couple didn’t communicate at all<br />Family #2 had their expectations on the table, prior to marriage<br />Family #1, regretted not talking about their living situation, based off of the response from the wife to question 3<br />Alternative explanation:<br />I found that each couple could've interviewed differently based off of what shape their marriages were in<br />Things that I would’ve done differently:<br />Not gotten the couples by word of mouth<br />This process to longer and made even more work then necessary<br />Done the survey with more than just two couples<br />This would have made my research stronger than what it is<br />Question after seeing my research:<br />I should’ve included a question (if not more) regarding the difficulties in choosing the living style they did<br />Who can this research benefit?<br />Anyone that is looking at becoming a dual-sharer home<br />Anyone that wants to see different points of views of the different living styles<br />