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Promoting  Technological, Pedagogical, and  Content Knowledge Integration in   Teacher Preparation Programs               ...
Questions How to teach a subject matter with technology in a pedagogically way? How will pre-service teachers develop th...
The purpose of this presentation is:• To examine the technological pedagogical content  knowledge framework to integrate t...
ICT in Teaching and Learning Traditional Educational                                                   DigitalTechnologies...
Uses of Technology           Traditional                         New useslectures, computer based           authentic, stu...
“Technology is not a        passing trend” (Means)It has changed the way we live, socialize, and educate
Facts for Technology Integration• Technocentric Approach (Papert, 1987)      • The focus is on the technology being used, ...
The Challenge To create activities that aresituated in a context that emulatereal-life problems and settings thatwill sup...
How is it that usingtechnology makes     sense?When and how to    use it?
[Simply using technology toolsdoes not ensure a quality education]          [How educators use technology is more         ...
 Technology has affordances and  constraints that may partially determine the  possible uses and limitations of a digital...
Traditional Educational        Digital Educational       Technologies                TechnologiesSpecificity              ...
Technology in the ClassroomProductivity Tools                     vs      vs                          Cognitive Tools
Productivity Tools                                      Cognitive Tools                Productivity                     Co...
Effective Technology Integration  Requires an understanding of the intersection of:    • teachers’ knowledge of the curri...
Learners’ Characteristics       CONTENT                                                                         PEDAGOGY  ...
What knowledge do the teachers need?        ¿Who?              ¿What?                   ¿Why?        ¿Where?              ...
Technology Integration Worksheet                  (adapted from Velazquez, 2009)     Content               Pedagogy       ...
Planning the Learning Activities What do the individual students need to reach their  goals? What strategies are appropr...
Basic planning elements for developing        a unit plan with technologyInstructional Problems (essential questions and ...
Example of Learning    Activities
Physical Education Objectives One of the purposes in physical education is to  develop Health Related Physical Fitness in...
Cardiovascular Endurance         Achieving a good physical fitness by          exercising at the correct intensity       ...
Learning Taxonomies Knowledge Acquisition Practice Application Interpretation Production Creativity
Learning Goals Differentiate and identify different heart  rate frequencies Understand the benefits of cardiovascular  e...
Learning Activities    Pedagogical Uses   TechnologiesExplore and research theconcept
Learning Activities    Pedagogical Uses   TechnologiesExplore and research theconceptLearn Procedures
Learning Activities        Pedagogical Uses   TechnologiesExplore and research theconceptLearn ProceduresPresent and commu...
Learning Activities              Pedagogical Uses          TechnologiesExplore and research the       Students gather info...
Learning Activities              Pedagogical Uses                  TechnologiesExplore and research the       Students gat...
Learning Activities              Pedagogical Uses                     TechnologiesExplore and research the       Students ...
Learning Activities              Pedagogical Uses                   TechnologiesExplore and research the       Students ga...
Learning Activities              Pedagogical Uses                      TechnologiesExplore and research the       Students...
Learning Activities              Pedagogical Uses                    TechnologiesExplore and research the       Students g...
“Knowledge can not be     transferred”    Dewey, 1916
[Educators are models tostudents, and to be models  of change they need to    experience changes themselves and be active ...
Ongoing Educational DevelopmentCreate a learning environment that: Promotes learning by doing Facilitates problem-solvi...
Learning Models Learning Technology by Designmodel (Koehler &Mishra, 2005)  learning by doing, constructing, reflecting,...
The purpose is to  link theory with experience to generate intellectual content andsuitable applications for the classroom
The premise of the curriculum unit is that students have been asked by alocal primary care clinic to identify thelevel of ...
Scenario The Center of Disease Control (CDC) has claimed that lack of  physical activity has implications for health and ...
Scenario to trigger students’               curiosity Why does the CDC claim that implications for health  and wellness a...
The goal of this unit Is for the students:  To understand the relationship between physical    activity and health-relat...
Technological                                                                      Critical Thinking                      ...
What makes the learning process a    successful experience for the students? The project is the assessment tool       St...
[The key challenge for instructors is to effectively and  efficiently incorporate educational technology in theeducation p...
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Uses of Technology in Teacher Education

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Uses of Technology in Teacher Education

  1. 1. Promoting Technological, Pedagogical, and Content Knowledge Integration in Teacher Preparation Programs Dr. Susana JuniuDepartment of Exercise Science and Physical Education Montclair State University
  2. 2. Questions How to teach a subject matter with technology in a pedagogically way? How will pre-service teachers develop the knowledge base to design and implement technology-infused lessons in education?
  3. 3. The purpose of this presentation is:• To examine the technological pedagogical content knowledge framework to integrate technology in the teaching and learning process (TPCK, Koehler &Mishra, 2008)• To present examples of learning activities that could be easily integrated across a Physical Education curriculum• To describe a project based learning experience as an alternative to preparing pre-service teachers
  4. 4. ICT in Teaching and Learning Traditional Educational DigitalTechnologies Educational Technologies It is not a new phenomenon in formal education
  5. 5. Uses of Technology Traditional New useslectures, computer based authentic, studentinstruction, and instruction about centered, collaborative and resultcomputers. in the assimilation of information.
  6. 6. “Technology is not a passing trend” (Means)It has changed the way we live, socialize, and educate
  7. 7. Facts for Technology Integration• Technocentric Approach (Papert, 1987) • The focus is on the technology being used, ignores the diversity of the disciplinary knowledge and the appropriate pedagogical strategies to teach a specific content.• Teachers do not have the appropriate knowledge for technology integration• Different subjects have different content structures and the pedagogies change depending on what the content and context are
  8. 8. The Challenge To create activities that aresituated in a context that emulatereal-life problems and settings thatwill support and promote learning
  9. 9. How is it that usingtechnology makes sense?When and how to use it?
  10. 10. [Simply using technology toolsdoes not ensure a quality education] [How educators use technology is more important than if they use it]
  11. 11.  Technology has affordances and constraints that may partially determine the possible uses and limitations of a digital tool to represent the content in a given educational context.
  12. 12. Traditional Educational Digital Educational Technologies TechnologiesSpecificity VersatileStability UnstableTransparency Opacity
  13. 13. Technology in the ClassroomProductivity Tools vs vs Cognitive Tools
  14. 14. Productivity Tools Cognitive Tools Productivity Cognitive Tools Tools “Mindtools” Results in (critical thinking devices) Spreadsheet Conducts queries to answer problem of Learning by Statistical investigation Reflecting EXCEL Computation Sort and Regroup data and perform calculations SPSS Data Storage Compare and contrast categories of data ACCESS Look for relationships between categories Make projections from given data Make hypotheses based on the data Outlines Brainstorming INSPIRATION Flow Charts Concept Maps Presentation of The user designs and constructs a product to Learning by POWERPOINT facts share with peers Constructing and Visualizing iMOVIE
  15. 15. Effective Technology Integration  Requires an understanding of the intersection of: • teachers’ knowledge of the curriculum content • general pedagogies, and • technologies
  16. 16. Learners’ Characteristics CONTENT PEDAGOGY (i.e. Project-Based (i.e Physical Learning (PLB) Education, How to teach History, Arts) a particular content Howtorepresent a subjectmatterwith technology in pedagogicallyways. How to select How to use and use technologies particular to teach a particular technologies content knowledge when teaching Teachers’ Educational Experience Environment TECNOLOGY (i.e. Information and Communation Technology, ICT)Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge Model adapted from Mishra& Koehler, 2008, So & Kim, 2009, and Harris & Hofer, 2009.
  17. 17. What knowledge do the teachers need? ¿Who? ¿What? ¿Why? ¿Where? ¿When? ¿How?
  18. 18. Technology Integration Worksheet (adapted from Velazquez, 2009) Content Pedagogy Technology Is it effective?What are the What What digital How effectively doesdesired learning pedagogies/teaching technologies are the technologyoutcomes for the strategies are being being used in integration enhancecontent being used? teaching and or support thetaught? (i.e. active learning? pedagogicalWhat is the core engagement, group What digital strategies beingcurriculum objective work, practice and technologies are used?you plan to target feedback, reflection, pedagogically How does thewith this authentic hands-on appropriate? technology integrationtechnology? experience, etc.) What are the improve or detract functions, affordances from the learning and constraints? experience? How will the students understand the concepts in the technology-enhanced learning activity?
  19. 19. Planning the Learning Activities What do the individual students need to reach their goals? What strategies are appropriate for this particular lesson? What digital technologies are pedagogically appropriate?
  20. 20. Basic planning elements for developing a unit plan with technologyInstructional Problems (essential questions and learning goals)Analysis of ContextPedagogical DecisionsLearning Activities and ImplementationAssessments
  21. 21. Example of Learning Activities
  22. 22. Physical Education Objectives One of the purposes in physical education is to develop Health Related Physical Fitness in the students so they could live a healthy and active life.  Cardiovascular Endurance  Body Composition  Flexibility  Muscular Strength and Endurance
  23. 23. Cardiovascular Endurance  Achieving a good physical fitness by exercising at the correct intensity and heart rate while maintaining a constant rate  To sustain a cardiac training effect, the individual must participate in activities that raise heart rate to 70% of your maximum heart rate and then keep it in the training zone for 20 to 30 minutes
  24. 24. Learning Taxonomies Knowledge Acquisition Practice Application Interpretation Production Creativity
  25. 25. Learning Goals Differentiate and identify different heart rate frequencies Understand the benefits of cardiovascular endurance in health Apply the concepts of physical fitness to maintain a healthy and active life Create an exercise plan to improve cardiovascular endurance
  26. 26. Learning Activities Pedagogical Uses TechnologiesExplore and research theconcept
  27. 27. Learning Activities Pedagogical Uses TechnologiesExplore and research theconceptLearn Procedures
  28. 28. Learning Activities Pedagogical Uses TechnologiesExplore and research theconceptLearn ProceduresPresent and communicated theresearch findings
  29. 29. Learning Activities Pedagogical Uses TechnologiesExplore and research the Students gather informationconcept from lectures, presentations, and/or group workLearn ProceduresPresent and communicated theresearch findings
  30. 30. Learning Activities Pedagogical Uses TechnologiesExplore and research the Students gather information Web search enginesconcept from lectures, presentations, Search the internet and/or group work Wikipedia and other information data bases DVDs VideoconferencingLearn ProceduresPresent and communicated theresearch findings
  31. 31. Learning Activities Pedagogical Uses TechnologiesExplore and research the Students gather information Web search enginesconcept from lectures, presentations, Search the internet and/or group work Wikipedia and other information data bases DVDs VideoconferencingLearn Procedures Students learn how to safely and appropriately handle equipmentPresent and communicated theresearch findings
  32. 32. Learning Activities Pedagogical Uses TechnologiesExplore and research the Students gather information Web search enginesconcept from lectures, presentations, Search the internet and/or group work Wikipedia and other information data bases DVDs VideoconferencingLearn Procedures Students learn how to safely and Real-time data collection appropriately handle equipment devices(Heart Rate Monitors, Accelerometers, Pedometers) Fitness Assessment reporting software Statistical Software Video, demosPresent and communicated theresearch findings
  33. 33. Learning Activities Pedagogical Uses TechnologiesExplore and research the Students gather information Web search enginesconcept from lectures, presentations, Search the internet and/or group work Wikipedia and other information data bases DVDs VideoconferencingLearn Procedures Students learn how to safely and Real-time data collection appropriately handle equipment devices(Heart Rate Monitors, Accelerometers, Pedometers) Fitness Assessment reporting software Statistical Software Video, demosPresent and communicated the Students work in groups toresearch findings design and construct a product to share with other students to represent their acquired knowledge
  34. 34. Learning Activities Pedagogical Uses TechnologiesExplore and research the Students gather information Web search enginesconcept from lectures, presentations, Search the internet and/or group work Wikipedia and other information data bases DVDs VideoconferencingLearn Procedures Students learn how to safely and Real-time data collection appropriately handle equipment devices(Heart Rate Monitors, Accelerometers, Pedometers) Fitness Assessment reporting software Statistical Software Video, demosPresent and communicated the Students work in groups to Multimedia (PowerPoint)research findings design and construct a product to Collaborative podcasting, share with other students to (http://voicethread.com) represent their acquired knowledge
  35. 35. “Knowledge can not be transferred” Dewey, 1916
  36. 36. [Educators are models tostudents, and to be models of change they need to experience changes themselves and be active participants in the educational process]
  37. 37. Ongoing Educational DevelopmentCreate a learning environment that: Promotes learning by doing Facilitates problem-solving activities Integrates subject matter as a problem Aids learners to pursue answers across disciplines Culminates in a project
  38. 38. Learning Models Learning Technology by Designmodel (Koehler &Mishra, 2005)  learning by doing, constructing, reflecting, and visualizing that facilitates problem-solving activities Edelson’s (2001) proposed a “Learning-for-Use” model  to encourage the learner to develop useful knowledge and provide guidance to instructors on how to design learning activities that foster useful understanding. Project-based learning model (PBL, Moursound, 1999  Student takes the role of the designers as well as the learners
  39. 39. The purpose is to link theory with experience to generate intellectual content andsuitable applications for the classroom
  40. 40. The premise of the curriculum unit is that students have been asked by alocal primary care clinic to identify thelevel of obesity in a given high school and relate these findings to physical activity.
  41. 41. Scenario The Center of Disease Control (CDC) has claimed that lack of physical activity has implications for health and wellness. Decreased levels of physical activity and exercise, together with poor diet is the second actual leading cause of death in the U.S. (McGinnis, Foege, 1992). There is ample evidence that physical activity is important for maintaining good health, improving psychological well being, and preventing premature death. Physical activity has been associated with lower death rates for adults of any age, has been identified as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and has been found to reduce the risk of developing osteoporosis. It also enhances psychological well being and appears to reduce symptoms of depression and anxiety and to improve mood. People who exercise less have a higher probability of being depressed.
  42. 42. Scenario to trigger students’ curiosity Why does the CDC claim that implications for health and wellness are due to lack of physical activity? How do we know in fact that there is a lack of physical activity among the U.S. population? What can we do about it? What is the relationship between physical and social characteristics of neighborhoods and physical activity?
  43. 43. The goal of this unit Is for the students:  To understand the relationship between physical activity and health-related physical fitness, and  To identify obesity levels in a given school population and relate the results to physical activity  To Obtain the necessary fundamentals to measure and analyze data related to physical activity levels
  44. 44. Technological Critical Thinking Results inProject Phases Elements Tools Activities Learning by “Mindtools” Create Concept Maps Brainstorming Preparation Inspiration Outlines Reflecting and Planning Flow Charts Search the Internet and deciding which information Internet they need to answer the questions of investigation. Exploring and Search Engines Select keywords that provide information about the Reflecting topic ACCESS Design the data collection forms to address the EXCEL different components of test to be measured Tasks and Data Collection Define the structure of the database or spreadsheet Constructing Action Spreadsheet based on the important information they need to Data Storage collect and how they relate to the tests they administer Conduct queries to answer problem of investigation ACCESS Sort and Regroup data and perform calculations EXCEL Compare and contrast categories of data Data Analysis Reflecting Statistical Look for relationships between categories Computation Make projections from given data Make hypotheses based on the data Presentation and PowerPointPresentation of The students design and construct a product to share Constructing and Interpretation of Web Site (HTML Results with peers Visualizing Results Editors)
  45. 45. What makes the learning process a successful experience for the students? The project is the assessment tool Students reflect on their own learning Incorporate feedback in their planning, and Explain why changes were made to meet their goal. The Students Formulate their own questions based on the topic provided Select ways to answer their inquiries Collect and analyze information Present their interpretation of the results.
  46. 46. [The key challenge for instructors is to effectively and efficiently incorporate educational technology in theeducation process, but most essential is to refocus their teaching philosophy and adopt new approaches to teaching. This transition requires experience and accepting new models of learning]
  47. 47. Thank you

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