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14 Holy Helpers


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14 Holy Helpers

  1. 1. Junhel C. Dalanon, DMD, MAT
  2. 8. <ul><li>Saint Blaise  ( Armenian: Սուրբ Բարսեղ,  Sourb Barsegh ; Greek: Άγιος Βλάσιος,  Agios Vlasios ) was a physician, and bishop of Sebastea, Armenia (modern Sivas, Turkey). According to his  Acta Sanctorum , he was martyred by being beaten, attacked with iron carding combs, and beheaded. He is known as  San Biagio  in Italy, and San Blas  in Spain. </li></ul><ul><li>In iconography, Blaise is often shown with the instruments of his martyrdom, iron combs. He blessed throats and effected many miracles, according to his hagiography. The similarity of these instruments of torture to wool combs led to his adoption as the patron saint of wool combers in particular, and the wool trade in general. He may also be depicted with crossed candles. Such crossed candles are used for the blessing of throats on the feast day of Blaise, which falls on 3 February, the day after Candlemas on the Roman Catholic calendar of saints. Blaise is traditionally believed to intercede in cases of throat  illnesses, especially for fish-bones stuck in the throat. </li></ul>
  3. 10. <ul><li>Saint Catherine of Alexandria , also known as  Saint Catherine of the Wheel  and  The Great Martyr Saint Catherine  (Greek  ἡ Ἁγία Αἰκατερίνη ἡ Μεγαλομάρτυς ) is a Christian saint and martyr who is claimed to have been a noted scholar in the early 4th century. In the beginning of the fifteenth century, it was rumoured that she had spoken to Joan of Arc. The Orthodox Church venerates her as a &quot;great martyr&quot;, and in the Catholic Church she is traditionally revered as one of the Fourteen Holy Helpers. </li></ul><ul><li>Catherine was the daughter of Costus, a pagan governor of Alexandria. She announced to her parents that she would only marry someone who surpassed her in beauty, intelligence, wealth, and social status. This was an early foreshadowing of her eventual discovery of Christ. &quot;His beauty was more radiant than the shining of the sun, His wisdom governed all creation, His riches were spread throughout all the world.&quot; </li></ul>
  4. 12. <ul><li>Saint Christopher  (Greek:  Άγιος Χριστόφορος ) is a saint venerated by Roman Catholics and Orthodox Christians, listed as a martyr killed in the reign of the 3rd century Roman emperor Decius (reigned 249–251). </li></ul><ul><li>The Eastern Orthodox Church venerates Saint Christopher on May 9. The Tridentine Calendar allowed a commemoration of Saint Christopher on 25 July only in privateMasses. This restriction was lifted later (see General Roman Calendar as in 1954). While the Roman Catholic Church still approves devotion to him, listing him in the Roman Martyrology among the saints venerated on 25 July, it removed his feast day from the Roman Catholic calendar of saints in 1969. At that time the church declared that this commemoration was not of Roman tradition, in view of the relatively late date (about 1550) and limited manner in which it was accepted into the Roman calendar. </li></ul>
  5. 14. <ul><li>Cyriacus , or  Cyriac , is a Christian martyr who was killed in the persecution of Diocletian. He is one of twenty-seven saints, most of them martyrs, who bear this name, [1] of whom only seven are honoured by a specific mention of their names in the Roman Martyrology. </li></ul>
  6. 16. <ul><li>Saint Denis  (also called  Dionysius ,  Dennis , or  Denys ) is a Christian martyr and saint. In the third century, he was Bishop of Paris. He was martyred in approximately A.D. 250, and is venerated in the Roman Catholic Church as patron of Paris, France and as one of the Fourteen Holy Helpers. The medieval and modern French name &quot;Denis&quot; derives from the ancient name Dionysius. </li></ul>
  7. 18. <ul><li>Saint Erasmus of Formiae  is a Christian saint and martyr who died ca. 303, also known as  Saint Elmo . He is venerated as the patron saint of sailors and The Delta Phi Fraternity. St Erasmus or Elmo is also one of the Fourteen Holy Helpers, saintly figures of Christian legend who were venerated especially inCentral Europe as intercessors. </li></ul>
  8. 20. <ul><li>Saint Eustace , also known as  Eustachius  or  Eustathius , was a legendary Christian martyr who lived in the 2nd century AD. A martyr of that name is venerated as a saint in the Roman Catholic Church, which, however, judges that the legend recounted about him is &quot;completely fabulous.&quot; [1]  For that reason Eustace was removed from the Roman Catholic calendar of saints to be commemorated liturgically worldwide on the former feast of &quot;Saint Eustace and Companions.&quot; </li></ul>
  9. 22. <ul><li>Saint George  (ca. 275/281 – 23 April 303) was, according to tradition, a Roman soldier and priest in the Guard of Diocletian, who is venerated as a Christian martyr. In hagiography Saint George is one of the most venerated saints in the Roman Catholic Church, Anglican Church, Eastern Orthodox Church, Oriental Orthodox Church, and the Eastern Catholic Churches. He is immortalized in the tale of Saint George and the Dragon and is one of the Fourteen Holy Helpers. His memorial is celebrated on 23 April, and he is regarded as one of the most prominent military saints. </li></ul><ul><li>Saint George is the patron saint of Aragon, Catalonia, England, Ethiopia, Georgia, Greece, Lithuania, Palestine, Portugal, and Russia, as well as the cities of Amersfoort,Beirut, Bteghrine, Cáceres (Spain), Ferrara, Freiburg, Genoa, Ljubljana, Gozo, Milan, Pomorie, Preston, Qormi, Lod, Barcelona and Moscow, as well as a wide range of professions, organizations, and disease sufferers. </li></ul>
  10. 24. <ul><li>Saint Giles  (Greek: Αἰγίδιος, Latin:  Ægidius , French:  Gilles , Italian:  Egidio , Spanish:  Egidio , Catalan:  Gil ; c. 650 - c. 710) was a Greek Christian hermit saint fromAthens, whose legend is centered in Provence and Septimania. The tomb in the abbey Giles was said to have founded, in St-Gilles-du-Gard, became a place of pilgrimage and a stop on the road that led from Arles to Santiago de Compostela, the pilgrim Way of St. James. He is one of the Fourteen Holy Helpers. </li></ul>
  11. 26. <ul><li>Margaret the Virgin , also known as  Margaret of Antioch  (in Pisidia), virgin and martyr, is celebrated as a saint by the Roman Catholic and Anglican Churches on July 20; and on July 17 in the Orthodox Church. Her historical existence has been questioned; she was declared apocryphal by Pope Gelasius I in 494, but devotion to her revived in the West with the Crusades. She was reputed to have promised very powerful indulgences to those who wrote or read her life, or invoked her intercessions; these no doubt helped the spread of her  cultus . </li></ul>
  12. 28. <ul><li>Saint Pantaleon  (Greek: Παντελεήμων  Panteleimon  'all-compassionate'), counted in the West among the late-medieval Fourteen Holy Helpers and in the East as one of the Holy Unmercenary Healers, was a martyr of Nicomedia in Bithynia during the Diocletian persecution of 303 AD. Though there is evidence to suggest that a martyr named Pantaleon existed, the various stories told of his life and death are considered by some to be purely legendary. </li></ul>
  13. 30. <ul><li>Saint Vitus  was a Christian saint from Sicily. He died as a martyr during the persecution of Christians by co-ruling Roman Emperors Diocletian and Maximian in 303. Vitus is counted as one of the Fourteen Holy Helpers of the Roman Catholic Church. </li></ul><ul><li>Saint Vitus' Day is celebrated on 15 June. In places where the Julian Calendar is used, this date coincides, in the 20th and 21st centuries, with 28 June on the Gregorian Calendar. </li></ul><ul><li>In the late Middle Ages, people in Germany and countries such as Latvia celebrated the feast of Vitus by dancing before his statue. This dancing became popular and the name &quot;Saint Vitus Dance&quot; was given to the neurological disorder chorea. It also led to Vitus being considered the patron saint of dancers and of entertainers in general. [1] </li></ul><ul><li>Vitus is considered the patron saint of actors, comedians, dancers, and epileptics. He is also said to protect against lightning strikes, animal attacks and oversleeping, and is the patron saint of Bohemia. Vitus is the patron saint of the city of Rijeka in Croatia, the towns of Ciminna in Sicily, Forio on the Island of Ischia, in Campania, Italy, the contrada of San Vito, in Torella dei Lombardi, in Avellino, Italy, and the town of Winschoten in the Netherlands. </li></ul><ul><li>Various places in Austria and Bavaria are named Sankt Veit in his honour. </li></ul>