2010-1 건강증진정책론싱가포르의 건강증진정책                 1
1. 개요 동남아시아에 있는섬으로 이루어진 도시국가로, 1819년 이후영국의 식민지가 되었으며, 1959년 6월 새헌법에 의해 자치령이되었다. 1963년 말레이연방·사바·사라와크와 함께 ‘말레이시아’를 결성하였으나19...
1. 개요• 면적 : 692.7㎢• 기후 : 연중 고르게 아침 최저    23 °C~ 낮 최고 32 °C의    아열대성 기후• 수도 : 싱가포르(Singapore)• 공용어 : 말레이어, 중국어,       영어, 타...
2. 사회지표• 총 인구(Total Population) : 4,839,400명(2008년 기준)• 총 거주인구(Resident Population) : 3,642,700명 (2008년 기준)• 인종별 인구구조(%, 2...
2. 사회지표• 성별 인구구조(2008년 기준) : 남 49.5%                  여 50.5%• 기대여명(2008년 기준) : 80.9세              남 78.4세              여 ...
2. 사회지표• 주요사망원인 Percent of Total Deaths(2008년)                   Urinary Tract Infections       2.1Nephritis, Nephrotic Sy...
3. 건강증진정책1)예산• 복지부 총 예산 (회계연도 2010년 기준) : $4,181 million     정부 보건의료비 지출 / GDP (%) : 1.5% (2009년 기준)      Government Healt...
3. 건강증진정책    2) 프로그램                                           Infectious      Financing      Healthcare                  ...
3. 건강증진정책2) 프로그램 : FinancingMedisave,         introduced in April 1984, is a national medicalsavings scheme which helps in...
3. 건강증진정책2) 프로그램 : FinancingMediShield         is a low cost catastrophic illness insurancescheme. Introduced in 1990, the...
3. 건강증진정책2) 프로그램 : FinancingElderShield         is an affordable severe disability insurancescheme which provides basic fi...
3. 건강증진정책2) 프로그램 : Financing(ElderShield continue)Singapore Citizens and Permanent Residents (PRs) with Medisaveaccounts a...
3. 건강증진정책2) 프로그램 : FinancingMedifund is an endowment fund set up by the Government tohelp needy Singaporeans who are unabl...
3. 건강증진정책2) 프로그램 : Health Promotion Board(HPB)Established in 2001, the Health Promotion Board (HPB) has avision to build a...
3. 건강증진정책2) 프로그램 : Health Promotion Board(HPB)                                        15
3. 건강증진정책2) 프로그램 : Health Promotion Board(HPB)School Health Service(SHS)School Dental Services(SDS)National Myopia Prevent...
3. 건강증진정책2) 프로그램 : Health Promotion Board(HPB)BrestScreen SinggaporeAIDS Education ProgrammeCervicalScreen SingaporeWorkpl...
참고문헌2010년 싱가포르정부 예산 사이트http://www.singaporebudget.gov.sg/싱가포르 통계청 http://www.singstat.gov.sg/싱가포르 복지부 http://www.moh.gov.s...
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싱가포르건강증진정책[1]

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싱가포르건강증진정책[1]

  1. 1. 2010-1 건강증진정책론싱가포르의 건강증진정책 1
  2. 2. 1. 개요 동남아시아에 있는섬으로 이루어진 도시국가로, 1819년 이후영국의 식민지가 되었으며, 1959년 6월 새헌법에 의해 자치령이되었다. 1963년 말레이연방·사바·사라와크와 함께 ‘말레이시아’를 결성하였으나1965 년 8 월 에 분 리독립하였다. 2
  3. 3. 1. 개요• 면적 : 692.7㎢• 기후 : 연중 고르게 아침 최저 23 °C~ 낮 최고 32 °C의 아열대성 기후• 수도 : 싱가포르(Singapore)• 공용어 : 말레이어, 중국어, 영어, 타밀어• 정체 : 공화제• 통화 : 싱가포르 달러(S$) (1 S$ = 859.54 원)• 1인당 GDP : 51,142 $ (2008년 기준) 3
  4. 4. 2. 사회지표• 총 인구(Total Population) : 4,839,400명(2008년 기준)• 총 거주인구(Resident Population) : 3,642,700명 (2008년 기준)• 인종별 인구구조(%, 2008년기준) • 인구구조 80 74.7 70 60 50 40 30 20 13.6 8.9 10 2.8 0 중국인 말레이인 인도인 기타 4
  5. 5. 2. 사회지표• 성별 인구구조(2008년 기준) : 남 49.5% 여 50.5%• 기대여명(2008년 기준) : 80.9세 남 78.4세 여 83.2세• 합계출산율(2008년 기준) : 1.28• 조출생율(인구 1,000명당) : 10.2• 조사망율(인구 1,000명당) : 4.4• 유아사망율(신생아 1,000명당) : 2.1• 5세이하 사망률(신생아 1,000명당) : 2.8• 노인인구(65세이상)비율 : 8.7%• 노인부양비 : 8.4 Old Age Support Ratio (Number of Residents Aged 15-64 Years Per Elderly* Resident) 5
  6. 6. 2. 사회지표• 주요사망원인 Percent of Total Deaths(2008년) Urinary Tract Infections 2.1Nephritis, Nephrotic Syndrome & Nephrosis 2.1 Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease 2.5 Diabetes Mellitus 2.7 Other Heart Diseases 4 Accidents, Poisoning & Violence 5.8 Cerebrovascular Disease (including stroke) 8.3 Pneumonia 13.9 Ischaemic Heart Disease 20.1 Cancer 29.3 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 6
  7. 7. 3. 건강증진정책1)예산• 복지부 총 예산 (회계연도 2010년 기준) : $4,181 million 정부 보건의료비 지출 / GDP (%) : 1.5% (2009년 기준) Government Health Expenditure / GDP 정부 보건의료비 지출 / 총 정부 지출(%) : 8.7% (2009년 기준) Government Health Expenditure / Total Government Expenditure• 각 부문별 예산배정- 보건의료시스템(Healthcare system) : $2,017 million- 건강증진(Health Promotion) : $112.18 million- 보건의료인력(Healthcare workforce) : $400million- 응급상황대비용 : $84million- 연구조사 : $57million- 보건의료발전프로그램 : $15million- 노인보험보조금 : $14.8 million 7
  8. 8. 3. 건강증진정책 2) 프로그램 Infectious Financing Healthcare Diseases• Medisave • Chronic Disease • Dengue• Medishield Management • HIV• Eldershield Programmes • The National• Medifund • Human Organ Childhood Transplant Act Immunisation • Advance Medical Programme Directive • Pandemic response • Health Promotion • The Singapore Programmes Tuberculosis Elimination Programmes 8
  9. 9. 3. 건강증진정책2) 프로그램 : FinancingMedisave, introduced in April 1984, is a national medicalsavings scheme which helps individuals put aside part of theirincome into their Medisave Accounts to meet their future personalor immediate familys hospitalization, day surgery and certainoutpatient expenses.Under the scheme, every employee contributes 6.5-9% (dependingon age group) of his monthly salary to a personal Medisaveaccount. The savings can be withdrawn to pay the hospital bills ofthe account holder and his immediate family members 9
  10. 10. 3. 건강증진정책2) 프로그램 : FinancingMediShield is a low cost catastrophic illness insurancescheme. Introduced in 1990, the government designed MediShieldto help members meet medical expenses from major illnesses,which could not be sufficiently covered by their Medisave balance.MediShield operates on a co-payment and deductible system toavoid problems associated with first-dollar, comprehensiveinsurance.MediShield will cover up to 80% of your large medical billMediShield is operated by the CPF(Central Private Fund) Board. 10
  11. 11. 3. 건강증진정책2) 프로그램 : FinancingElderShield is an affordable severe disability insurancescheme which provides basic financial protection to those whoneed long-term care, especially during old age. It provides amonthly cash payout to help pay the out-of-pocket expenses for thecare of a severely-disabled personThe Ministry of Health has appointed 3 private insurers to runElderShield, (i) Avivia, (ii)GreatEastern, (iii)NTUCIncome 11
  12. 12. 3. 건강증진정책2) 프로그램 : Financing(ElderShield continue)Singapore Citizens and Permanent Residents (PRs) with Medisaveaccounts are automatically covered under ElderShield at the age of 40There are currently 2 ElderShield schemes: ElderShield300 andElderShield400. ElderShield300 was first launched in September 2002 andoffers a payout of $300 per month for a maximum of 60 months.ElderShield400 came about after the ElderShield reform in 2007 and offersan improved coverage with payout of $400 per month for a maximum of 72months. Singapore Citizens and PRs who join ElderShield after September2007 will be on the ElderShield400 scheme 12
  13. 13. 3. 건강증진정책2) 프로그램 : FinancingMedifund is an endowment fund set up by the Government tohelp needy Singaporeans who are unable to pay for their medicalexpenses. Medifund acts as a safety net for those who cannotafford the subsidised bill charges, despite Medisave andMediShield coverage. Set up in April 1993 with an initial capital ofS$200 million, the Government will inject capital into the fund whenbudget surpluses are available. The Government utilises theinterest income from the capital sum, which stands at S$1.66 billion(FY 2008), to help needy patients who have exhausted all othermeans to pay their medical bills 13
  14. 14. 3. 건강증진정책2) 프로그램 : Health Promotion Board(HPB)Established in 2001, the Health Promotion Board (HPB) has avision to build a nation of healthy and happy people.The goal is increasing the quality and years of healthy life andpreventing illness, disability and premature death. 14
  15. 15. 3. 건강증진정책2) 프로그램 : Health Promotion Board(HPB) 15
  16. 16. 3. 건강증진정책2) 프로그램 : Health Promotion Board(HPB)School Health Service(SHS)School Dental Services(SDS)National Myopia Prevention ProgrammeHealthier Children’s Menu ProgrammeOsteoporosis Awareness CampaignChildren Injury Prevention ProgrammePhysical ActivityNational Smoking Control CampaignMental Health Education 16
  17. 17. 3. 건강증진정책2) 프로그램 : Health Promotion Board(HPB)BrestScreen SinggaporeAIDS Education ProgrammeCervicalScreen SingaporeWorkplace Health Promotion ProgrammeThe Pre-Diabetes Intervention ProgrammeHPB OnlineHealthLineHealth Information CentreHealthZone 17
  18. 18. 참고문헌2010년 싱가포르정부 예산 사이트http://www.singaporebudget.gov.sg/싱가포르 통계청 http://www.singstat.gov.sg/싱가포르 복지부 http://www.moh.gov.sg주싱가포르 대사관 http://sgp.mofat.go.kr/ 18

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