What is Cyber Crime?Computer crime refers to any crime that involves acomputer and a network.Cybercrimes are defined as: “Offences that arecommitted against individuals or groups of individualswith a criminal motive to intentionally harm thereputation of the victim or cause physical or mentalharm to the victim directly or indirectly, using moderntelecommunication networks such as Internet (Chatrooms, emails, notice boards and groups) and mobilephones (SMS/MMS)”.
India 5th among cyber crime affected countries India 5th in world after US, China, Japan and UAE. Andhra State tops in India. 349 of the total 1,791 cyber crime cases registered last year 2011 were reported from the state. Maharashtra followed with 306 cases. Pune is third in instances of cyber crime: National Crime Records Bureau reports.
Types of Cyber Crime Hacking: Hacking means unauthorized attempts to bypass the security mechanisms of an information system or network. Also, in simple words Hacking is the unauthorized access to a computer system, programs, data and network resources. Data Theft: If any person without permission of the owner or any other person, who is in charge of a computer, computer system of computer network - downloads, copies or extracts any data, computer data base or information from such computer, computer system or computer network including information or data held or stored in any removable storage medium, then it is data theft. Spreading Virus or W orms: the virus will install files on your system and then will change your system so that virus program is run every time you start your system. It will then attempt to replicate itself by sending itself to other
Types of Cyber Crime Identity Theft: Identity theft is a form of fraud or cheating of another person’s identity in which someone pretends to be someone else by assuming that person’s identity, typically in order to access resources or obtain credit and other benefits in that person’s name. E-Mail Spoofing: E-mail spoofing is sending an e-mail to another person in such a way that it appears that the e-mail was sent by someone else. A spoof email is one that appears to originate from one source but actually has been sent from another source. Spoofing is the act of electronically disguising one computer as another for gaining as the password system. It is becoming so common that you can no longer take for granted that the e-mail you are receiving is truly from the person identified as the sender.
Cyber Crime Case: Fake Profile Fake Profile use is common in Students. Many cases have been registered against Fake Profiles in Cyber Cell. Some months ago, about 12 students of a public school in Sector 7, Chandigarh had made a fake profile of their teacher and posted objectionable comments against her.
Cyber Crime Case: Password Hacking Students are taking to cyber crimes just for fun or carrying out small acts such as password hacking to revenge on their teachers, friends in schools. Morphing pictures and posting them on social networking sites to defame others have landed students in trouble recently.
Cyber Crime Case: Cyber Bulling Cyber bullying is essentially the persistent harassment of an individual via technology like the internet, cellphone, etc. Low self-esteem is one of the key reasons for any form of bullying. A classmate who had a crush on girl, decided to take his revenge for spurning him by posting some pictures and her personal issues on internet which she had discussed with him. The girl felt so harassed that she shut out herself completely for six months. It took three counselors and a lot of support from her loved ones to get her back on her feet.
Cyber Crime Case: Phishing Phishing is the act of attempting to acquire information such as usernames, passwords, and credit card details. Phishing emails may contain links to websites that are infected with malware. A 8 year student provided father’s credit card details on phishing email received while playing online game. It lured him to upgrade his game.
Teacher’s Role To Prevent Cyber Crime Character Education is very important to prevent any type of crime in the society. Personality development of student should be given preference in comparison to rote learning. Students should be guided about the following points regarding the use of Internet Dont give out personal information in chatrooms, social websites, blogs, etc. Dont tell anyone, even your best friends, your passwords.
Teacher’s Role To Prevent Cyber Crime Continued…… Dont give out personal information in chatrooms, social websites, blogs, etc. If they receive any mean or threatening messages in the chatroom, text or email, dont ever respond. Don’t delete the message, save it and show to an adult - they might need the message to use as evidence against the person who sent it. If they find mean things have been said about them on a website, for example, MySpace or Facebook, student can ask to have the comments removed. The same is true if they find out that photographs or videos have been posted without your
Teacher’s Role To Prevent Cyber Crime Continued…… Dont suffer in silence. If they are being bullied then they should tell their parents. If they dont feel to talk to them then tell a teacher or an adult that you trust. You mustnt keep it to yourself because if you do, the bully has got exactly what they want. They should be made aware about cyber bullying and that it is a punishable offence as per cyber law.