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Constructivist V     uelin           e Sarta                   in                                        iewJacq       Whi...
Definition0 Theories that state that learners must individually discover and transform complex information, checking new i...
History0 Draws on the work of Piaget & Vygotsky but  most heavily on Vygotsky0 Instructional methods emphasize cooperative...
Social Nature of Learning0 First key principal  0 Learn with interactions  0 Cooperative projects
Math Project!0 Lets pretend you are in a 6th grade geometry class:  0 What you know:    0 A=b2  0 What we want to know:   ...
Zone of Proximal Development0Second key principal
Cognitive Apprenticeship0 Third key principal 0 “The learner gradually acquires expertise   through interactions with an e...
Mediated Learning0 Fourth key principal 0 The idea of giving students complex,   realistic tasks 0 Situated learning
Constructivist Approaches0 Top-Down Process0 Cooperative Learning0 Discovery Learning0 Self Regulated Learning0 Scaffoldin...
Top-down Learning0 Starts with the complex, complete tasks0 On-the-spot training0 Write a paper then learn the writing pro...
Cooperative Learning0 Using the constructivist theory to teach is primarily done through Cooperative Learning.  0 Cooperat...
Discovery Learning0 Allow the students to make discoveries“You cant teach people everything they need to know. The best yo...
Self Regulated Learning0 Self-regulated learner  0 Interested in learning itself not the grades  0 Effective learning stra...
Scaffolding0 Mediated Learning 0 Be the tour guide 0 Provide structure in the   beginning and then   begin to move that   ...
APA’s Learner-Centered   Psychological Principles0 Reinterpreting information and experience0 Being self-motivated by know...
Approaches in Subject Areas:         Reading0 Reciprocal Reading  0 Small Group with teacher  0 Guide with questions, then...
Approaches in Subject Areas:       Mathematics0 Provide a real world problem0 Let students work together in groups to solv...
Approaches in Subject Areas:         Science0 Hands on discovery0 Group work0 Testing and revising until a solution has be...
Review0 Constructivist Learning puts the learning back into  the hands of the students.0 Students use what they know to fo...
Any Questions?
References0 Post, A. (n.d.). Printables.atoz. Retrieved from: http ://printables.atozteacherstuff.com/435/cube-pattern/0 C...
References (cont.)0 Nmicky. (n.d.). Zone of proximal development. Retrieved October, 2012, from: http://withfriendship.com...
Ch 8 constructivist view
Ch 8 constructivist view
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Ch 8 constructivist view

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Ch 8 constructivist view

  1. 1. Constructivist V uelin e Sarta in iewJacq Whit e Julia
  2. 2. Definition0 Theories that state that learners must individually discover and transform complex information, checking new information against old rules, and revising rules when they no longer work.
  3. 3. History0 Draws on the work of Piaget & Vygotsky but most heavily on Vygotsky0 Instructional methods emphasize cooperative learning, project-based learning, and discovery0 4 key principles derived from Vygotsky’s work
  4. 4. Social Nature of Learning0 First key principal 0 Learn with interactions 0 Cooperative projects
  5. 5. Math Project!0 Lets pretend you are in a 6th grade geometry class: 0 What you know: 0 A=b2 0 What we want to know: 0 How can we use this information to find the surface area of a cube? 0 What we learned: 0 Surface area of a cube is A=6b2
  6. 6. Zone of Proximal Development0Second key principal
  7. 7. Cognitive Apprenticeship0 Third key principal 0 “The learner gradually acquires expertise through interactions with an expert” (232). 0 Video
  8. 8. Mediated Learning0 Fourth key principal 0 The idea of giving students complex, realistic tasks 0 Situated learning
  9. 9. Constructivist Approaches0 Top-Down Process0 Cooperative Learning0 Discovery Learning0 Self Regulated Learning0 Scaffolding0 APA’s Learner-Centered Psychological Principals
  10. 10. Top-down Learning0 Starts with the complex, complete tasks0 On-the-spot training0 Write a paper then learn the writing process0 Figure 8.1 (p.234)
  11. 11. Cooperative Learning0 Using the constructivist theory to teach is primarily done through Cooperative Learning. 0 Cooperative learning allows the students to work together to solve problems.
  12. 12. Discovery Learning0 Allow the students to make discoveries“You cant teach people everything they need to know. The best you can do is position them where they can find what they need to know when they need to know it.” - Seymour Papert
  13. 13. Self Regulated Learning0 Self-regulated learner 0 Interested in learning itself not the grades 0 Effective learning strategies + motivation + persistence = effective learners and lifelong motivation to learn
  14. 14. Scaffolding0 Mediated Learning 0 Be the tour guide 0 Provide structure in the beginning and then begin to move that structure into the hands of the students.
  15. 15. APA’s Learner-Centered Psychological Principles0 Reinterpreting information and experience0 Being self-motivated by knowledge0 Working with others to socially construct meaning0 Being aware of own learning strategies and of applying them to new problems
  16. 16. Approaches in Subject Areas: Reading0 Reciprocal Reading 0 Small Group with teacher 0 Guide with questions, then move that task to the students hands0 Question the Author 0 What would you ask the author?0 Writing Process Models 0 Small Groups 0 Work together through the entire writing process 0 Expand their awareness of the writing process
  17. 17. Approaches in Subject Areas: Mathematics0 Provide a real world problem0 Let students work together in groups to solve the problem 0 Reiterate what they know on the subject0 Provide scaffolding for struggling groups0 Once they have reached a consensus, provide the formal answer
  18. 18. Approaches in Subject Areas: Science0 Hands on discovery0 Group work0 Testing and revising until a solution has been found
  19. 19. Review0 Constructivist Learning puts the learning back into the hands of the students.0 Students use what they know to form a link to new information.0 Students learn best from working cooperatively.0 Lessons should be within the Zone of Proximal Development.0 Students should make the discoveries.
  20. 20. Any Questions?
  21. 21. References0 Post, A. (n.d.). Printables.atoz. Retrieved from: http ://printables.atozteacherstuff.com/435/cube-pattern/0 Culatta, R. (2012). Situated learning (J. Lave). Retrieved October, 2012, from http ://www.instructionaldesign.org/theories/situated- learning.html0 Shepherd, C. (2011, July). The scope of top-down learning. Retrieved October, 2012, from: http://onlignment.com/2011/07/the- scope-of-top-down-learning/
  22. 22. References (cont.)0 Nmicky. (n.d.). Zone of proximal development. Retrieved October, 2012, from: http://withfriendship.com/images/e/24019/Zone-of- proximal-development-wallpaper.jpg0 RSA. (2010, October). RSA Animate - Changing Education Paradigms. Retrieved October, 2012, from: http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/converge.htm0 Clark, D. (2010, September). Discovery Learning. Retrieved October, 2012, from: http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/hrd/history/discovery.ht ml0 Slavin, Robert E. (2009). Educational Psychology Theory and

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