Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki

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Presentation on the GuttenPlag-Wiki, its contributors and their relationship as bearers of secondary performance roles in the journalism system to traditional journalists (primary performance roles) at HBI-/CCI-Workshop in Hamburg on July 26th, 2012.

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Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki

  1. 1. The GuttenPlag-Wikiand Its Contributors Julius Reimer, M.A. Hamburg, July 26th 2012
  2. 2. Agenda•  The GuttenPlag-Wiki: A Social Web Phenomenon Fuelling a Scandal•  The GuttenPlag-Activists, part 1: Results of a Spontaneous Online Survey•  The GuttenPlag-Activists, part 2: Secondary Performance Roles in Journalism 2
  3. 3. A Social Web Phenomenon Fuelling a Scandal Karl Theodor (...) zu Guttenberg,former German minister of defence (2009-2011) 3
  4. 4. A Social Web Phenomenon Fuelling a Scandal Karl Theodor (...) zu Guttenberg, zu Guttenberg (2009):former German minister of defence „Constitution and Constitutional (2009-2011) Treaty: Constitutional Developments in the US and EU“ 4
  5. 5. A Social Web Phenomenon Fuelling a Scandal Karl Theodor (...) zu Guttenberg, ??? zu Guttenberg (2009):former German minister of defence „Constitution and Constitutional (2009-2011) Treaty: Constitutional Developments in the US and EU“ 5
  6. 6. A Social Web Phenomenon Fuelling a Scandal “PlagDoc” and others start The GuttenPlag- GuttenPlag- wiki crowd has identifiedProf. of law GuttenPlag- ~180Andreas wiki counts plagiarismsFischer- > 230,000 UV zu Guttenberg on the 435 resignsLescano finds and pagesfirst plagiarism ~ 2 mio. PIin zu (Quantcast.com) Univ. ofGuttenberg’s Bayreuthdissertation takes away zu Guttenberg’s doctorate in law (...) (...) (...) (...) 6
  7. 7. A Social Web Phenomenon Fuelling a Scandal “PlagDoc” and others startProf. of law GuttenPlag- The GuttenPlag- wikiAndreas crowd has identifiedFischer- GuttenPlag- ~180 wiki countsLescano finds > 230,000 UV plagiarisms on the 435 zu Guttenberg resignsfirst plagiarism and ~ 2 mio. PI pagesin zu (Quantcast.com) Univ. ofGuttenberg’s Bayreuth takes away zudissertation Guttenberg’s doctorate in law (...) (...) (...) (...) 7
  8. 8. A Social Web Phenomenon Fuelling a Scandal “PlagDoc” and others start The GuttenPlag- GuttenPlag- wiki crowd has identifiedProf. of law GuttenPlag- ~180Andreas wiki counts plagiarismsFischer- > 230,000 UV zu Guttenberg on the 435 resignsLescano finds and pagesfirst plagiarism ~ 2 mio. PIin zu (Quantcast.com) Univ. ofGuttenberg’s Bayreuthdissertation takes away zu Guttenberg’s doctorate in law (...) (...) (...) (...) 8
  9. 9. A Social Web Phenomenon Fuelling a Scandal “PlagDoc” and others start The GuttenPlag- GuttenPlag- crowd has wiki identifiedProf. of law GuttenPlag- ~180Andreas wiki counts plagiarismsFischer- > 230,000 UV zu Guttenberg on the 435 resignsLescano finds and pagesfirst plagiarism ~ 2 mio. PIin zu (Quantcast.com) Univ. ofGuttenberg’s Bayreuthdissertation takes away zu Guttenberg’s doctorate in law (...) (...) (...) (...) 9
  10. 10. A Social Web Phenomenon Fuelling a Scandal “PlagDoc” and others start The GuttenPlag- GuttenPlag- wiki crowd has identifiedProf. of law GuttenPlag- ~180Andreas wiki counts plagiarismsFischer- > 230,000 UV zu Guttenberg on the 435 resignsLescano finds and pagesfirst plagiarism ~ 2 mio. PIin zu (Quantcast.com) Univ. ofGuttenberg’s Bayreuthdissertation takes away zu Guttenberg’s doctorate in law (...) (...) (...) (...) 10
  11. 11. A Social Web Phenomenon Fuelling a Scandal “PlagDoc” and others start The GuttenPlag- GuttenPlag- wiki crowd has GuttenPlag- identifiedProf. of law wiki counts ~180Andreas plagiarismsFischer- > 230,000 UV on the 435 zu Guttenberg resignsLescano findsfirst plagiarism and pagesin zu ~ 2 mio. PI Univ. ofGuttenberg’sdissertation (Quantcast.com) Bayreuth takes away zu Guttenberg’s doctorate in law (...) (...) (...) (...) 11
  12. 12. A Social Web Phenomenon Fuelling a Scandal “PlagDoc” and The others start GuttenPlag- GuttenPlag- wiki crowd has identifiedProf. of law GuttenPlag-Andreas wiki counts ~180Fischer- > 230,000 UV zu GuttenbergLescano finds and plagiarisms resignsfirst plagiarism ~ 2 mio. PI on the 435in zu (Quantcast.com)Guttenberg’s pages Univ. of Bayreuthdissertation takes away zu Guttenberg’s doctorate in law (...) (...) (...) (...) 12
  13. 13. A Social Web Phenomenon Fuelling a Scandal “PlagDoc” and others start The GuttenPlag- GuttenPlag- wiki crowd has identifiedProf. of law GuttenPlag- ~180Andreas wiki counts plagiarisms zu GuttenbergFischer- > 230,000 UV Univ. of on the 435 resignsLescano finds and pagesfirst plagiarism ~ 2 mio. PI Bayreuthin zuGuttenberg’s (Quantcast.com) takes away zudissertation Guttenberg’s doctorate in law (...) (...) (...) (...) 13
  14. 14. A Social Web Phenomenon Fuelling a Scandal “PlagDoc” and others start The GuttenPlag- GuttenPlag- wiki crowd has identifiedProf. of law GuttenPlag-Andreas wiki counts ~180 plagiarisms zu GuttenbergFischer- > 230,000 UV on the 435 resignsLescano finds and pagesfirst plagiarism ~ 2 mio. PIin zu (Quantcast.com) Univ. ofGuttenberg’s Bayreuthdissertation takes away zu Guttenberg’s doctorate in law (...) (...) (...) (...) 14
  15. 15. A Social Web Phenomenon Fuelling a Scandal 15
  16. 16. A Social Web Phenomenon Fuelling a Scandal “This develops a great power, a ‘wham’; we cannot keep up with this.” (Interv. with Hauke Janssen (Der Spiegel), Mar 3rd 2011; transl.: JR) 16
  17. 17. Results of a Spontaneous Online Survey Key results•  Questionnaire online for 48h (Feb 20th-22nd, 2011)•  1,034 respondents•  Average age of respondents: 38.1 yrs.•  Only 17.6 % female•  “Educated swarm”: 63.6 % have university degree•  18.8 % even have a doctor’s degree•  Core group of 143 active users (15.3 %) who searched for plagiarisms, classified them and organised work (735≤n≤932) 17
  18. 18. Results of a Spontaneous Online Survey Motivations•  62.1 %: Concern about the reputation of (German) science and the “worth” of a PhD title•  45.8 %: Aversion to zu Guttenberg himself or his reaction to the accusations (n=227) 18
  19. 19. Results of a Spontaneous Online Survey Political orientation Active “core group”: 121≤n≤123 Passive recipients: 659≤n≤672 (Source: Ruppert/Reimer 2011: 78) 19
  20. 20. Results of a Spontaneous Online Survey Attention•  “How did you hear about the wiki?” via traditional mass 9,6% media 26,3% 18,8% via a traditional mass mediums website 13,4% via "new media", e.g. 31,9% blog, social network via mail, phone, face-to- face etc. no comment (n=849) 20
  21. 21. Results of a Spontaneous Online Survey Attention economics•  Traditional journalism played an important role: 1.  Founders of the wiki heard about the plagiarism accusations via traditional mass media. 2.  Most of the other wiki-users heard about the platform via traditional mass media. 21
  22. 22. Secondary Performance Roles in Journalism(Primary) Audienceperformance roles:roles: ReceivingEffecting the the system‘ssystem’s performanceperformance 22
  23. 23. Secondary Performance Roles in Journalism(Primary) “Secondary performance Audienceperformance roles are a kind of roles:roles: activist alternative to a ReceivingEffecting the mere audience status.” the system‘ssystem’s (Stichweh 2005: 35; transl.: JR) performanceperformance SPRs imitate PPRs‘ practices. (Cf. Stichweh 2005: 37; Burzan et al. 2005, 2008; Volkmann 2010) 23
  24. 24. Secondary Performance Roles in Journalism GuttenPlag JournalismSearch for 79.7plagiarisms %Classify 35.7plagiarisms %Comment 57.3on posts % 0% 50% 100% 24
  25. 25. Secondary Performance Roles in Journalism GuttenPlag JournalismSearch for 79.7 Research,plagiarisms % fact-checkingClassify 35.7plagiarisms %Comment 57.3on posts % 0% 50% 100% 25
  26. 26. Secondary Performance Roles in Journalism GuttenPlag JournalismSearch for 79.7 Research,plagiarisms % fact-checking Aggregation,Classify 35.7 Classification,plagiarisms % OrientationComment 57.3on posts % 0% 50% 100% 26
  27. 27. Secondary Performance Roles in Journalism GuttenPlag JournalismSearch for 79.7 Research,plagiarisms % fact-checking Aggregation,Classify 35.7 Classification,plagiarisms % OrientationComment 57.3 Commenting,on posts % Interpretations 0% 50% 100% = journalistic selection- and presentation-programmes (cf. Blöbaum 1994, 2000) 27
  28. 28. Secondary Performance Roles in Journalism Processing journalisticprogrammes Secondary Primary yes performance performance role role Audience no role 28
  29. 29. Secondary Performance Roles in Journalism Identity indicators of journalism (Neuberger 2009: 62) Journalism GuttenPlagTopicalityAutonomyPublicityWide range of topicsPeriodicity 29
  30. 30. Secondary Performance Roles in Journalism Identity indicators of journalism (Neuberger 2009: 62) Journalism GuttenPlagTopicality ✔AutonomyPublicityWide range of topicsPeriodicity 30
  31. 31. Secondary Performance Roles in Journalism Identity indicators of journalism (Neuberger 2009: 62) Journalism GuttenPlagTopicality ✔Autonomy ✔PublicityWide range of topicsPeriodicity 31
  32. 32. Secondary Performance Roles in Journalism Identity indicators of journalism (Neuberger 2009: 62) Journalism GuttenPlagTopicality ✔Autonomy ✔Publicity ✔Wide range of topicsPeriodicity 32
  33. 33. Secondary Performance Roles in Journalism Identity indicators of journalism (Neuberger 2009: 62) Journalism GuttenPlagTopicality ✔Autonomy ✔Publicity ✔Wide range of topics –Periodicity 33
  34. 34. Secondary Performance Roles in Journalism Identity indicators of journalism (Neuberger 2009: 62) Journalism GuttenPlagTopicality ✔Autonomy ✔Publicity ✔Wide range of topics –Periodicity – 34
  35. 35. Secondary Performance Roles in Journalism Identity indicators of journalism (Neuberger 2009: 62) Journalism GuttenPlag Topicality ✔ Autonomy ✔ Publicity ✔ Wide range of topics – Periodicity –Periodicity and a wide range of topics can only be achieved within the framework of a journalistic organisation. (Cf. also Luhmann 2005) 35
  36. 36. Secondary Performance Roles in Journalism Processing journalisticprogrammes Secondary Primary yes performance performance role role Audience no role Member of a journalistic no yes organisation 36
  37. 37. Secondary Performance Roles in Journalism Processing journalisticprogrammes Secondary Primary yes performance performance role role Audience Journalist- no role recipient Member of a journalistic no yes organisation 37
  38. 38. Secondary Performance Roles in Journalism Organisation (performance roles) Bearer of audience roles Environment (audience roles) Bearer of performance roles 38
  39. 39. Secondary Performance Roles in Journalism Organisation (performance roles) Secondary performance roles Bearer of audience roles Environment (audience roles) Bearer of performance roles 39
  40. 40. AdvertisementReimer, J./Ruppert, M. (forthcoming): GuttenPlag-Wiki und Journalismus: dasVerhältnis eines neuen Medienakteurs im Social Web zu den traditionellenMassenmedien [GuttenPlag-Wiki and Journalism: the Relationship of a NewMedia Actor in the Social Web to Traditional Mass Media]. In: Dolata, U./Schrape, J.-F. (Eds.): Das Internet und der Wandel von Medienwelten [TheInternet and the Change of Media Worlds]. Berlin: Edition Sigma 40
  41. 41. Thank you for your attention. References•  Blöbaum, B. 1994: Journalismus als soziales System. Geschichte, Ausdifferenzierung und Verselbständigung. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag•  Blöbaum, B. 2000: Organisationen, Programme und Rollen. Die Struktur des Journalismus. In: Löffelholz, M. (Ed.): Theorien des Journalismus. Ein diskursives Handbuch. Wiesbaden: Westdeutscher Verlag, S. 169–183•  Burzan, N./Lökenhoff, B. /Schimank, U. /Schöneck, N. M. 2005: Inklusionsprofile. Eine differenzierungstheoretische Sozialstrukturanalyse Deutschlands. Hagen: FernUniversität Hagen•  Burzan, N./Lökenhoff, B./Schimank, U./Schöneck, N. M. 2008: Das Publikum der Gesellschaft. Inklusionsverhältnisse und Inklusionsprofile in Deutschland. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag•  Luhmann, N. 2005: Interaktion, Organisation, Gesellschaft. Anwendungen der Systemtheorie. In: Ders.: Soziologische Aufklärung 2. Aufsätze zur Theorie der Gesellschaft. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag, S. 9–24•  Neuberger, C. 2009: Internet, Journalismus und Öffentlichkeit. Analyse des Medienumbruchs. In: Neuberger, C./Nuernbergk, C./Rischke, M. (Eds.): Journalismus im Internet. Profession – Partizipation – Technisierung. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag, S. 19–105•  Ruppert, M./Reimer, J. 2011: Im Schwarm. In: Journalist, Jg. 62, H. 4, S. 76–80•  Stichweh, R. 2005: Inklusion und Exklusion. Studien zur Gesellschaftstheorie. Bielefeld: Transcript•  Volkmann, U. 2010: Sekundäre Leistungsrolle. Eine differenzierungstheoretische Einordnung des Prosumenten am Beispiel des ‚Leser-Reporters‘. In: Blättel-Mink, B./Hellmann, K. (Eds.): Prosumer Revisited. Zur Aktualität einer Debatte. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag, S. 206–220 41
  42. 42. Thank you for your attention. Picture credits•  Plagiarism barcode: URL: http://de.guttenplag.wikia.com/ (accessed Jul 25th 2011; screenshot: JR)•  Photo of zu Guttenberg: Peter Weis, URL: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e6/ Karl-Theodor_Freiherr_von_und_zu_Guttenberg.jpg (accessed Jul 25th 2011)•  Dissertation cover: URL: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/20/ Cover_KT_Diss_Print.png (accessed Jul 25th 2011)•  Article on Sueddeutsch.de: URL: http://www.sueddeutsche.de/politik/plagiatsvorwurf-gegen- verteidigungsminister-guttenberg-soll-bei-doktorarbeit-abgeschrieben-haben-1.1060774 (accessed Jul 25th 2011; screenshot: JR)•  Plagiarism in the opening of the dissertation: URL: http://de.guttenplag.wikia.com/wiki/Seite_015 (accessed Jul 25th 2011; screenshot: JR)•  Figure “Political orientation”: Ruppert/Reimer 2011: 78 Other sources•  Interview with Hauke Janssen (Der Spiegel), Mar 3rd, 2011•  Quantcast.com 42
  43. 43. Thank you for your attention. Julius Reimer, M.A. Hans-Bredow-Institut Warburgstraße 8-10 20354 Hamburgj.reimer@hans-bredow-institut.de @jpub20team @julius_reimer 43

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