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Biochip ppt


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Biochip ppt

  1. 1. NANOTECHNOLOGY (BIOCHIP) Submitted by M.Rincy juliet M.Suriya
  2. 2. NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology is the study and application of extremely small things and can be used across all the other science fields, such as chemistry, biology, physics, materials science, and engineering. Nanotechnology is the study and use of structures between 1 nanometer (nm) and 100 nanometers in size.
  3. 3. BIOCHIP •Biochip is a single electronic card may replace everything in your wallet including your cash, credit cards, ATM cards, insurance and your life. •The size of the biochip is equal to the grain. •Biochip is a Collection of miniaturized test sites (micro arrays) arranged on a solid substrate that permits many tests to be performed at the same time in order to achieve higher throughput and speed
  4. 4. Working of a biochip Biochip implant system consists of two components they are transponder and reader The transponder is the actual biochip implant. It is a passive transponder, meaning it contains no battery or energy of its own. The reader consists of an "exciter" coil which creates an electromagnetic field that, via radio signals, provides the necessary energy (less than 1/1000 of a watt) to "excite" or "activate" the implanted biochip
  5. 5. Also it causes all, Both small and great, Both rich and poor both free and slave to be marked on the right hand or the forehead. (revelation 13:16)
  6. 6. TRANSPONDER TRANSPONDER CONSISTS OF FOUR PARTS they are 1. Computer Microchip 2. Antenna Coil 3. Tuning Capacitor: 4. Glass Capsule
  7. 7. Reader: The reader: The reader consists of an "exciter" coil which creates an electromagnetic field that, via radio signals, provides the necessary energy (less than 1/1000 of a watt) to "excite" or "activate" the implanted biochip. The reader also carries a receiving coil that receives the transmitted code or ID number sent back from the "activated" implanted biochip. This all takes place very fast, in milliseconds. The reader also contains the software and components to decode the received code and display the result in an LCD display. The reader can include a RS-232 port to attach a computer. How it works The reader generates a low-power, electromagnetic field, in this case via radio signals, which "activates" the implanted biochip. This "activation" enables the biochip to send the ID code back to the reader via radio signals. The reader amplifies the received code, converts it to digital format, decodes and displays the ID number on the reader's LCD display. The reader must normally be between 2 and 12 inches near the biochip to communicate. The reader and biochip can communicate through most materials, except metal.
  8. 8. Human interface to biochip •The biochip is inserted into the subject with a hypodermic syringe. •Injection is safe and simple, comparable to common vaccines. •Anesthesia is not required nor recommended
  9. 9. APPLICATION With a biochip tracing of a person/animal , anywhere in the world is possible: A biochip can store and update financial, medical, demographic data, basically everything about a person: A biochip leads to a secured E-Commerce systems : Biochips really are potent in replacing passports, cash, medical records: Medicinal implementations of Biochips : A New Era Proposed by us Biochip as Glucose Detector : Proposed principle of Glucose detection: Biochip as Oxygen sensor : Biochip as an Blood Pressure sensor: BIOCHIP LEADS TO SECURED E-COMERCE SYSTEM
  11. 11. QUERRIES ???