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  2. 2. MACHU PICCHU The Inca civilization began from a small tribe near Cuzco, Peru in the 12th century. In 1460, an Inca leader built the site of Machu Picchu about 8,000 feet up in the mountains. The Inca lived there for about a hundred years, and then abandoned the area when the Spanish troops invaded Inca territories in the 15th century. The site of Machu Picchu remained hidden in the mountains for many years. In 1911, a Yale professor discovered it, and started bringing worldwide attention to the ruins. Today , Machu Picchu is known all over the world and is one of Peru’s most visited tourist attractions.
  3. 3. THE INCA The Inca were known for their architecture and engineering skills. They created a road system of two main roads that were both over 2,500 miles long. They also designed a method of “terrace farming,” where they made many small step-like platforms cut into the mountain slope. All the farms and houses in a village even had fresh running water from a central source in town, by using pipes.
  4. 4. PERIOD INCAICA Until is set the imposing Citadel of Machu Picchu, mountains for Picchu was inhabited by populations coming from regions of Vilcabamba and the Sacred Valley, seeking to expand its agricultural borders. After the expansion of the Inca Dominion, these lands became part of the then-growing empire of Tahuantinsuyo. Historians agree that Machu Picchu was built in the middle of the 15th century under the orders of the Emperor Pachacútec, responsible for the expansion of the domino Inca and its transformation from a simple Manor to the magnificent Empire which today we know that it was.
  5. 5. LOCATION The inca city of Machu Picchu is 112.5 km. to the northeast of the city of Cusco, over 2,350 meters of altitude, within the Archaeological Park of Machu Picchu, which comprises an extensive territory of the province of Urubamba, Department of Cusco. It is located on the eastern slope of the Vilcabamba mountain range, mountain range bordering the Apurímac and Urubamba rivers.