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Approaching the iGCSE core paper

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Helping low ability pupils approach the iGCSE English exam

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Approaching the iGCSE core paper

  1. 1. Approaching the Core Paper: Comprehension and Effect LO: Develop our skills at answering all questions within the Core Exam Paper Grade D/C Grade E Grade G/F Use synonyms and inferences to answer all types of comprehension questions Be able to select words required to answer a basic literal comprehension question Understand that there are three types of comprehension question and be able to recognise the wording of each type BLP Skills: noticing, inferring, explaining Quick Starter 5 facts on how to tackle questions on the core paper
  2. 2. A New Tutor, By Gerald Durrell The consul’s home was situated in the maze of narrow, smelly alleyways that made up the old quarter of the town. It was a fascinating area, the cobbled streets crammed with stalls that were piled high with gaily-coloured bales of cloth, mountains of shining sweetmeats, ornaments of beaten silver, fruit and vegetables. The streets were so narrow that you had to stand back against the wall to allow the donkeys to stagger past with their loads of merchandise. It was a rich and colourful part of the town, full of noise and bustle, the screeches of people bargaining, the cluck of hens, the barking of dogs, and the wailing cry of the men carrying great trays of fresh hot loaves on their heads. Right in the very centre, in the top flat of a tall, rickety building that Ieant tiredly over a tiny square, lived the Belgian consul. He was a sweet little man, whose most striking attribute was a magnificent beard and carefully waxed moustache.
  3. 3. From this piece of reading you could be asked to answer short questions like… • Give three details about the consul’s flat (3 marks) • How would you answer this question? 1. Look at the number of marks. How many pieces of information do you need? 2. Go back to the text with your highlighter 3. Find the piece(s) of information you need and highlight them. 4. Write them onto your answer sheet in sentences. 5. THERE IS NO NEED TO WRITE IN YOUR OWN WORDS!
  4. 4. A New Tutor, By Gerald Durrell The consul’s home was situated in the maze of narrow, smelly alleyways that made up the old quarter of the town. It was a fascinating area, the cobbled streets crammed with stalls that were piled high with gaily-coloured bales of cloth, mountains of shining sweetmeats, ornaments of beaten silver, fruit and vegetables. The streets were so narrow that you had to stand back against the wall to allow the donkeys to stagger past with their loads of merchandise. It was a rich and colourful part of the town, full of noise and bustle, the screeches of people bargaining, the cluck of hens, the barking of dogs, and the wailing cry of the men carrying great trays of fresh hot loaves on their heads. Right in the very centre, in the top flat of a tall, rickety building that Ieant tiredly over a tiny square, lived the Belgian consul. He was a sweet little man, whose most striking attribute was a magnificent beard and carefully waxed moustache.
  5. 5. From this piece of reading you could be asked to answer short questions like… • Give three details about the consul’s flat (3 marks) • You might answer like this: • The consul’s flat is situated in a ‘maze of narrow, smelly alleyways’ in the old quarter of town. He lives in the top flat overlooking a tiny square.
  6. 6. From this piece of reading you could be asked to answer short questions like… • Choose three phrases used by the writer which convey the rich and colourful nature of the area in which the consul lived.(6 marks) • How would you answer this question? 1. Look at the number of marks. How many pieces of information do you need? 2. Go back to the text with your highlighter 3. Find the phrases you need and highlight them. 4. Write them onto your answer sheet. You will need the phrase and then an explanation in full sentences.
  7. 7. A New Tutor, By Gerald Durrell The consul’s home was situated in the maze of narrow, smelly alleyways that made up the old quarter of the town. It was a fascinating area, the cobbled streets crammed with stalls that were piled high with gaily-coloured bales of cloth, mountains of shining sweetmeats, ornaments of beaten silver, fruit and vegetables. The streets were so narrow that you had to stand back against the wall to allow the donkeys to stagger past with their loads of merchandise. It was a rich and colourful part of the town, full of noise and bustle, the screeches of people bargaining, the cluck of hens, the barking of dogs, and the wailing cry of the men carrying great trays of fresh hot loaves on their heads. Right in the very centre, in the top flat of a tall, rickety building that Ieant tiredly over a tiny square, lived the Belgian consul. He was a sweet little man, whose most striking attribute was a magnificent beard and carefully waxed moustache.
  8. 8. A New Tutor, By Gerald Durrell The consul’s home was situated in the maze of narrow, smelly alleyways that made up the old quarter of the town. It was a fascinating area, the cobbled streets crammed with stalls that were piled high with gaily-coloured bales of cloth, mountains of shining sweetmeats, ornaments of beaten silver, fruit and vegetables. The streets were so narrow that you had to stand back against the wall to allow the donkeys to stagger past with their loads of merchandise. It was a rich and colourful part of the town, full of noise and bustle, the screeches of people bargaining, the cluck of hens, the barking of dogs, and the wailing cry of the men carrying great trays of fresh hot loaves on their heads. Right in the very centre, in the top flat of a tall, rickety building that Ieant tiredly over a tiny square, lived the Belgian consul. He was a sweet little man, whose most striking attribute was a magnificent beard and carefully waxed moustache.
  9. 9. From this piece of reading you could be asked to answer short questions like… • Choose three phrases used by the writer which convey the rich and colourful nature of the area in which the consul lived.(6 marks) • You might answer like this: • Phrase: maze of narrow, smelly alleyways 1 mark • Explanation: this suggests that the area is full of cramped streets in which it was very easy to get confused and lost 1 mark
  10. 10. Comprehension Qs: When a question is asking you to put information in your own words they are looking for synonyms Now have a go at these three questions, concentrating on choosing your synonyms carefully These types of questions have similar wording. Look at the questions below. Which key words in each question show you that you need to find a synonym? a) Using your own words, explain what the writer means by ‘frantic haste’ 2 marks b) In your own words, explain what the writer means by ‘incessant fusillade’ 2 marks c) Explain what humane service means. Do not copy from the text. 2 marks
  11. 11. Comprehension Qs: When a question is asking you to put information in your own words they are looking for synonyms Now have a go at these three questions, concentrating on choosing your synonyms carefully a) ‘frantic haste’ = desperate hurry b) ‘incessant fusillade’ = continuous volley/firing of shots c) ‘humane service’ = doing something for the good of others
  12. 12. Summarising Questions: • Re-read the whole passage. Write a summary of Gerald’s thoughts and feelings about • the Belgian consul. • Write a paragraph of about 50–70 words. 7 marks We did this yesterday. Remember what you need to look for. You will then know what you need to include.
  13. 13. Summarising Questions: • He thought he was sweet (and welcoming)/friendly • 2. He noticed his moustache and beard/of striking/unusual appearance. • 3. He thought he was conceited. • 4. He thought he was shocked by his French accent. • 5. He was afraid that he was going to shoot him. • 6. He thought he was committing murder. • 7. He thought he was taking part in a feud. • 8. He was surprised to see tears in his eyes. • 9. He realised that he had a sensitive nature. • 10. He thought that his actions were humane/those of an animal/cat lover.
  14. 14. Chilly Understand that there are three types of comprehension question and be able to recognise the wording of each type Red Hot! I can use synonyms and inferences to answer all types of comprehension questions Warming Up I am able to select words required to answer a basic literal comprehension question ProgressCheck! WWW? EBI?

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