Approaching the iGCSE Core Paper

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Skills to help low ability students approach the exam

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  • a word or phrase that means exactly or nearly the same as another word or phrase in the same language, for example shut is a synonym of close.
  • Approaching the iGCSE Core Paper

    1. 1. Approaching the Core Paper: Comprehension and Effect LO: Develop our skills at answering all questions within the Core Exam Paper Grade D/C Grade E Grade G/F Use synonyms and inferences to answer all types of comprehension questions Be able to select words required to answer a basic literal comprehension question Understand that there are three types of comprehension question and be able to recognise the wording of each type BLP Skills: noticing, inferring, explaini ng 5 facts on how to tackle questions on the core paper
    2. 2. Bewilderwood, By Sharon Sweeney In the reedy banks of the Norfolk Broads lurks Mildred, a beastly four metre long creature that looks like a crocodile, with a mouthful of sharp teeth and a spiky green back. It’s not a freak of nature brought on by global warming but a children’s character brought to life at Bewilderwood, the UK’s first environmentally-friendly adventure park, which opened this week. Spread over a large area of woodland and marshland, Bewilderwood is a magical playground of treehouses, aerial ropewalks and zipwires, reached by boat or boardwalk – all built from sustainable wood. The whole site is pesticide-free so there’s no danger of chemicals filtering into the surrounding low-lying wetlands. Some 14,000 broadleaf trees, including oak, sweet chestnut and birch have been planted. There is a snack shack on the jetty and a cafe selling reasonably priced, locally sourced and mainly organic food – ostrich burgers and unfussy sandwiches, pure fruit smoothies and elderflower cordial – but you could just as easily bring a picnic. So far, so green. But it’s the magical forest folk who inhabit the site that will fire children’s imaginations – Mildred, the vegetarian Crocklebog who lives in the Scary Lake; Swampy, a Marsh Boggle; a giant spider called Thornyclod; and Twiggles, goblin-like creatures that hate litter and mess. It’s just not Disneyland.
    3. 3. From this piece of reading you could be asked to answer short questions like… • What is the name of the four metre long creature mentioned in the first line, and what type of imaginary creature is it?(2 marks) • How would you answer this question? 1. Look at the number of marks. How many pieces of information do you need? 2. Go back to the text with your highlighter 3. Find the piece(s) of information you need and highlight them. 4. Write them onto your answer sheet in sentences. 5. THERE IS NO NEED TO WRITE IN YOUR OWN WORDS!
    4. 4. Bewilderwood, By Sharon Sweeney In the reedy banks of the Norfolk Broads lurks Mildred, a beastly four metre long creature that looks like a crocodile, with a mouthful of sharp teeth and a spiky green back. It’s not a freak of nature brought on by global warming but a children’s character brought to life at Bewilderwood, the UK’s first environmentally-friendly adventure park, which opened this week. Spread over a large area of woodland and marshland, Bewilderwood is a magical playground of treehouses, aerial ropewalks and zipwires, reached by boat or boardwalk – all built from sustainable wood. The whole site is pesticide-free so there’s no danger of chemicals filtering into the surrounding low-lying wetlands. Some 14,000 broadleaf trees, including oak, sweet chestnut and birch have been planted. There is a snack shack on the jetty and a cafe selling reasonably priced, locally sourced and mainly organic food – ostrich burgers and unfussy sandwiches, pure fruit smoothies and elderflower cordial – but you could just as easily bring a picnic. So far, so green. But it’s the magical forest folk who inhabit the site that will fire children’s imaginations – Mildred, the vegetarian Crocklebog who lives in the Scary Lake; Swampy, a Marsh Boggle; a giant spider called Thornyclod; and Twiggles, goblin-like creatures that hate litter and mess. It’s just not Disneyland.
    5. 5. • What is the name of the four metre long creature mentioned in the first line, and what type of imaginary creature is it?(2 marks) • You might answer like this: • Mildred, the vegetarian Crocklebog From this piece of reading you could be asked to answer short questions like…
    6. 6. From this piece of reading you could be asked to answer short questions like… • Give three facts from the second paragraph (‘Spread over ... bring a picnic’) which tell you that the designers of the park are concerned about protecting the environment. [3 marks] • How would you answer this question? 1. Look at the number of marks. How many pieces of information do you need? 2. Go back to the text with your highlighter 3. Find the phrases you need and highlight them. 4. Write them onto your answer sheet. You will need the phrase and then an explanation in full sentences.
    7. 7. Bewilderwood, By Sharon Sweeney • Spread over a large area of woodland and marshland, Bewilderwood is a magical playground of treehouses, aerial ropewalks and zipwires, reached by boat or boardwalk – all built from sustainable wood. The whole site is pesticide-free so there’s no danger of chemicals filtering into the surrounding low-lying wetlands. Some 14,000 broadleaf trees, including oak, sweet chestnut and birch have been planted. There is a snack shack on the jetty and a cafe selling reasonably priced, locally sourced and mainly organic food – ostrich burgers and unfussy sandwiches, pure fruit smoothies and elderflower cordial – but you could just as easily bring a picnic.
    8. 8. Bewilderwood, By Sharon Sweeney • Spread over a large area of woodland and marshland, Bewilderwood is a magical playground of treehouses, aerial ropewalks and zipwires, reached by boat or boardwalk – all built from sustainable wood. The whole site is pesticide-free so there’s no danger of chemicals filtering into the surrounding low-lying wetlands. Some 14,000 broadleaf trees, including oak, sweet chestnut and birch have been planted. There is a snack shack on the jetty and a cafe selling reasonably priced, locally sourced and mainly organic food – ostrich burgers and unfussy sandwiches, pure fruit smoothies and elderflower cordial – but you could just as easily bring a picnic.
    9. 9. From this piece of reading you could be asked to answer short questions like… • Give three facts from the second paragraph (‘Spread over ... bring a picnic’) which tell you that the designers of the park are concerned about protecting the environment. [3 marks] • You might answer like this: • The designers ensured that buildings were made from sustainable wood. The made sure no pesticides were used so they could protect the wetlands and they planted many (broad-leaf) trees
    10. 10. Comprehension Qs: When a question is asking you to put information in your own words they are looking for synonyms Now have a go at these two questions, concentrating on choosing your synonyms carefully These types of questions have similar wording. Look at the questions below. Which key words in each question show you that you need to find a synonym? a) Using your own words, explain what the writer means by ‘real driving force’ (line 41); 2 marks b) In your own words, explain what the writer means by ‘dappled sunshine’ (line 47); 2 marks 2 marks
    11. 11. Comprehension Qs: When a question is asking you to put information in your own words they are looking for synonyms a) ‘real driving force’ = The detail which most motivated him to open the park. b) ‘dappled sunshine’ = Sunshine which casts a speckled pattern on the ground because of the shadows of the leaves.
    12. 12. Summarising Questions: From paragraphs 2 to 7 (‘Spread over … called Peaceful Paths’), write a summary of what parents would particularly like about Bewilderwood. Write a paragraph of about 50–70 words. 7 marks We have done this before. Remember what you need to look for. You will then know what you need to include.
    13. 13. Summarising Questions: 1. features in the park (crocklebogs etc.) are aimed specifically at young children 2. it is concerned with protecting the environment 3. the food is suitable for children/unfussy/organic 4. it is possible to bring a picnic 5. features in the park encourage children not to leave litter 6. it isn’t a conventional theme park/pre-computer etc. 7. there are traditional/adventurous/healthy activities/zip wires etc. 8. it appeals to older as well as young children/all people 9. there are quiet places 10. the maze is thoughtfully designed 11. it’s good value for money • N.B. Some of the above points are inferential
    14. 14. Chilly Understand that there are three types of comprehension question and be able to recognise the wording of each type Red Hot! I can use synonyms and inferences to answer all types of comprehension questions Warming Up I am able to select words required to answer a basic literal comprehension question ProgressCheck! WWW? EBI?

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