1. PRESENTATION OF THE COMPANYLAPRISE HOMES:Since 1989,Now 5 companies,Part of Canada’s 50 Best Managed Companies since 5 years,Main player in the prefab home industry in Quebec,We produce Over 1 Million Feet2/Year,Proud supplier of the Canadian Red Cross (Transitionalshelters in Haiti),
A Group of 5 Companies…Present in more than 20 Countries!
Proud Supplier of the Canadian Red Cross -Shelters Program in Haiti
January 12, 2010: 7.0 magnitude earthquake struck off thewestern coast of Haiti.Buildings all over the Haitian capital of Port au Prince collapsed,Thousands were killed and thousands more were trapped,3,000,000 people affected by the disaster, and 200,000 havebeen left homeless.Source : http://www.redcross.ca/
2. THE CRC SHELTER PROGRAMFew weeks after the earthquake, the Canadian Red Crossannounced that it will be supporting communities in Jacmel andLeogane with 7,500 wooden shelters.Source : http://www.redcross.ca/
2. THE CRC SHELTER PROGRAM•Production of •Conception of •Identification of •End Usersthe Shelters the Shelters, the needs •Management of •Financing of the supply the program, chain, •Delivery of the program,
2.1 THE TENDER PROCESSAn invitation to tender (ITT) was announced on April16 by SNC-Lavalin, the supply chain managementadvisor of the CRC.Companies were invited to respond to the ITT beforethe deadline of April 26, 2010.The companies were chosen based on theircertifications and a set of basic criteria.Source : http://www.redcross.ca/
2.1 THE TENDER PROCESSThe lowest bids were evaluated by SNC-Lavalin andby the Canadian Red Cross,In addition, each companys facilities were inspectedby SNC-Lavalin and the Canadian Red Cross. Elementsthat were considered included production capacity,equipment, and resources. At the end of this process the contract was awarded toMaison Laprise. The company has been given an initialcontract of $13.8 million for the construction of 3 750unitsSource : http://www.redcross.ca/
3. IDENTIFYING THE NEEDSThe situation in the field often dictates theneeds in response & recovery missions.In Haiti the challenges were great…
3.1 CHALLENGES (THE SPACE)19 Million cubic meters of debris to be removed.Enough rubble to fill the Rogers Centre (home of the Blue Jays)nearly 12 times.In New York City, it took two years to clear the debris from theWorld Trade Centre.Source : http://www.redcross.ca/ Picture: l’Organisation Nationale pour la Sante, Education et le Progrès Economiques du Pays (ONSEPEP)
3.1 CHALLENGES (THE LAND OWNERSHIP)Difficulties to have viable plots of land,Ownership issues, between 70-80 per cent of homeless peoplein Haiti were renters before the earthquake struck, Landowners must be identified and permission must be grantedbefore the shelters can be erected.Source : http://www.redcross.ca/ Picture: Perspective monde, University of Sherbrooke
3.1 CHALLENGES (MORE CHALLENGES)Population movement,Lack of access to clean water and sanitation,Logistical issues,Hurricane Season...Source : http://www.redcross.ca/ Picture: http://digitaljournal.com/article/295141
3. IDENTIFYING THE NEEDSTo meet the challenge, the Shelters had to be…Quick & simple to install: Emergency & Limited resourcesDurable : Long term solution to the homeless needed,because reconstruction will come only after the rubbles’ removal…Light, transportable & easy to relocate: Logistics ,Population movements & LandownershipSafe for the human and the environment: Eco friendly, Earthquake resistant, Withstand winds of up to 240 km/hour, Termites, fungus and rot resistant,
4. IDENTIFYING SOLUTIONSSolutions were numerous, but…Time mattered and fast decisions had to be taken,7500 is a significant amount of Shelters!A “final” design had to be adopted at some point…An industrialized production means that the design andspecifications cannot be revised each time a new ideacomes up!
4.1 THE ORIGINAL DESIGNA Wooden framed shelter... What a great idea!Wood is durable,Wooden-framed structures can be earthquake &hurricane resistant,The timber can be treated to ensure that the housesare termite, fungus and rot resistant,Pre fabricated kits can be quick & easy to put up, easyto relocate & Optimize the shipping volume.Many mills have a certified chain of custody to ensurethat the wood comes from a sustainably managed forest.
4.1 THE ORIGINAL DESIGNThe original request for quotation (RFQ) sent to the biddershad the following technical specifications:Wooden-framed houses to be shipped in bundles to be handlifted,A new solution was identified during the bidding process:A panelized structure for ease of installation, Pre-cut, pre-drilled and pre-assembled components for greaterinstallation efficiency and speed.Minimum tools and skills required,Components designed to be easily maneuvered by hand.
4.1 THE ORIGINAL DESIGNThe original request for quotation (RFQ) sent to the biddershad the following technical specifications:Capability to withstand winds of up to 233 km/hour (145 mph) –Hurricane Category IV.The solutions identified by the designers:Structural wood posts, extending into post-type foundation, 3feet deep (90cm) into the ground beneath the floor level,Wooden-framed structure with “Impact resistant” wall panels(plywood), bolted onto structural wood posts.Multi-directional bracing structure,Strong strapping system to secure roof trusses and buildingcomponents.
4.1 THE ORIGINAL DESIGNPost-type foundation, 3 feet deep(90cm) into the ground…
4.1 THE ORIGINAL DESIGNThe original request for quotation (RFQ) sent to the biddershad the following technical specifications:Timber had to be SPF Construction Grade (Spruce, Pine, Fir)The joists & studs had to be of Grade SPF Construction orStructural Select,Timber had to be Certified to ensure that the wood comes from acertified, sustainable mill under either: Forest Stewardship Council (FSC), Sustainable Forestry Initiative (SFI), Program for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC),* Canadian Standards Association certification (CSA), * *Option that came later in the process to facilitate the supply
4.1 THE ORIGINAL DESIGNThe challenges for the designers & bidders:Necessity to use pressure-treated wood to prevent decay and torepel water and termites,Timber had to be SPF Construction Grade to be mechanicallysounded but these species have a limited capacity to absorb thetreatment,Pre drilling the components without affecting the repellingperformance,Maintaining the Moisture content below 19% after treatment,The availability of certain wood species & certified products, ex:4x5 posts, 105 000 plywood sheets (5/8”, BC Fir Select &Certified, Canply), etc.
4.2 THE SECOND DESIGNThe parties agreed to start working on a first lot of 3750 Shelters& use the experience to be acquired during the first half of theproject in order to improve the design & lower the cost for thebalance of the program.The main changes brought to the original design:The new shelters will be designed to withstand winds of up to180km/hour (112mph) –Hurricane Category III (Rather thanCategory IV),The post type foundation will be replaced by a permanent tie-down system (rotating plates and steel cables),A wooden floor structure would be buried in the ground,
4.2 THE SECOND DESIGNThe new design facilitated the production &permitted lowering the cost :Production time went from 8 ½ Minute/Shelter down to lessthan 4 Minutes/Shelter with the second design!From 9 to 7 Roof trusses…Straight framing rather than alternating studs,Optimized Container space (from 6.25 Shelter/container, up to 9shelters/container)Etc.
4.2 THE SECOND DESIGNThe new design facilitated the installation inthe field:No more need to dig trenches,Suited to most ground types,Lighter components,Etc.
4.2 THE SECOND DESIGNThe Industrial Solutions to meet the order:Four (4) weeks reaction time after PO,1000 Shelters/Month,Pressure on our suppliers….New manufacturing plant (tools, equipment,machinery, etc),60 New employees,Need NOT to jeopardize the regular production…
4.3 SOLUTIONS IN MOTION The First Generation of Shelters By Laprise The Second Generation of Shelters Note: Some pictures are from the CRC web site and may show shelters made by other suppliers.